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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2004-02-21
    Description: The Sir2 deacetylase modulates organismal life-span in various species. However, the molecular mechanisms by which Sir2 increases longevity are largely unknown. We show that in mammalian cells, the Sir2 homolog SIRT1 appears to control the cellular response to stress by regulating the FOXO family of Forkhead transcription factors, a family of proteins that function as sensors of the insulin signaling pathway and as regulators of organismal longevity. SIRT1 and the FOXO transcription factor FOXO3 formed a complex in cells in response to oxidative stress, and SIRT1 deacetylated FOXO3 in vitro and within cells. SIRT1 had a dual effect on FOXO3 function: SIRT1 increased FOXO3's ability to induce cell cycle arrest and resistance to oxidative stress but inhibited FOXO3's ability to induce cell death. Thus, one way in which members of the Sir2 family of proteins may increase organismal longevity is by tipping FOXO-dependent responses away from apoptosis and toward stress resistance.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Brunet, Anne -- Sweeney, Lora B -- Sturgill, J Fitzhugh -- Chua, Katrin F -- Greer, Paul L -- Lin, Yingxi -- Tran, Hien -- Ross, Sarah E -- Mostoslavsky, Raul -- Cohen, Haim Y -- Hu, Linda S -- Cheng, Hwei-Ling -- Jedrychowski, Mark P -- Gygi, Steven P -- Sinclair, David A -- Alt, Frederick W -- Greenberg, Michael E -- NIHP30-HD18655/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P01 NS35138-17/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2004 Mar 26;303(5666):2011-5. Epub 2004 Feb 19.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Neuroscience, Children's Hospital, and Department of Neurobiology, Center for Blood Research (CBR) Institute for Biomedical Research, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14976264" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Acetylation ; Animals ; Apoptosis ; Cell Cycle ; Cell Line ; Cell Nucleus/metabolism ; Cells, Cultured ; Cerebellum/cytology ; Forkhead Transcription Factors ; Gene Expression Profiling ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Histone Deacetylases/genetics/*metabolism ; Humans ; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins ; Mice ; Mice, Knockout ; Neurons/cytology ; *Oxidative Stress ; Phosphorylation ; Proteins/genetics ; Recombinant Proteins/metabolism ; Sirtuin 1 ; Sirtuins/genetics/*metabolism ; Transcription Factors/genetics/*metabolism ; Transcription, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 1993-04-23
    Description: Surface expression of the CD45 tyrosine phosphatase is essential for the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) to couple optimally with its second messenger pathways. CD45 may be required to dephosphorylate a TCR-activated protein tyrosine kinase, which then transduces an activation signal from the TCR. A chimeric molecule that contained extracellular and transmembrane sequences from an allele of a major histocompatibility class I molecule and cytoplasmic sequences of CD45 restored TCR signaling in a CD45-deficient mutant T cell line. Thus, expression of the complex extracellular domain of CD45 is not required for the TCR to couple to its signaling machinery.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Hovis, R R -- Donovan, J A -- Musci, M A -- Motto, D G -- Goldman, F D -- Ross, S E -- Koretzky, G A -- CA56050-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA56843-02/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1993 Apr 23;260(5107):544-6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8475387" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Antigens, CD45/genetics/*metabolism ; Base Sequence ; Cell Line ; Cell Membrane/metabolism ; Cytoplasm/metabolism ; Enzyme Activation ; Humans ; Inositol Phosphates/metabolism ; Membrane Proteins/metabolism ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phosphorylation ; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism ; Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/*metabolism ; Recombinant Fusion Proteins/metabolism ; Second Messenger Systems ; *Signal Transduction ; T-Lymphocytes/*metabolism ; Transfection ; Tyrosine/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 1998-07-17
    Description: The leukocyte-specific adapter molecule SLP-76 (Src homology 2 domain-containing leukocyte protein of 76 kilodaltons) is rapidly phosphorylated on tyrosine residues after receptor ligation in several hematopoietically derived cell types. Mice made deficient for SLP-76 expression contained no peripheral T cells as a result of an early block in thymopoiesis. Macrophage and natural killer cell compartments were intact in SLP-76-deficient mice, despite SLP-76 expression in these lineages in wild-type mice. Thus, the SLP-76 adapter protein is required for normal thymocyte development and plays a crucial role in translating signals mediated by pre-T cell receptors into distal biochemical events.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Clements, J L -- Yang, B -- Ross-Barta, S E -- Eliason, S L -- Hrstka, R F -- Williamson, R A -- Koretzky, G A -- GM53256/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1998 Jul 17;281(5375):416-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9665885" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing ; Animals ; B-Lymphocytes/cytology/immunology ; Gene Targeting ; Immunoglobulin M/blood ; Killer Cells, Natural/cytology ; *Leukopoiesis ; Lymph Nodes/cytology ; Lymphocyte Activation ; Lymphocyte Count ; Macrophages/cytology ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Phosphoproteins/genetics/*physiology ; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism ; Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/metabolism ; Signal Transduction ; Spleen/cytology ; T-Lymphocytes/*cytology ; Thymus Gland/cytology ; ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2000-08-11
    Description: Wnts are secreted signaling proteins that regulate developmental processes. Here we show that Wnt signaling, likely mediated by Wnt-10b, is a molecular switch that governs adipogenesis. Wnt signaling maintains preadipocytes in an undifferentiated state through inhibition of the adipogenic transcription factors CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) and peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). When Wnt signaling in preadipocytes is prevented by overexpression of Axin or dominant-negative TCF4, these cells differentiate into adipocytes. Disruption of Wnt signaling also causes transdifferentiation of myoblasts into adipocytes in vitro, highlighting the importance of this pathway not only in adipocyte differentiation but also in mesodermal cell fate determination.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ross, S E -- Hemati, N -- Longo, K A -- Bennett, C N -- Lucas, P C -- Erickson, R L -- MacDougald, O A -- 5P60 DK20572/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01-DK51563/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- T32-DK07245/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2000 Aug 11;289(5481):950-3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Physiology, Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0622, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10937998" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: 3T3 Cells ; Adipocytes/*cytology/*metabolism ; Animals ; Axin Protein ; CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins ; Cell Differentiation ; Cell Lineage ; Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism ; DNA-Binding Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolism ; Gene Transfer Techniques ; Genetic Vectors ; Mesoderm/cytology ; Mice ; Mice, Nude ; Muscles/cytology/metabolism ; Nuclear Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolism ; Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolism ; *Repressor Proteins ; Retroviridae/genetics/physiology ; *Signal Transduction ; TCF Transcription Factors ; *Trans-Activators ; Transcription Factor 7-Like 2 Protein ; Transcription Factors/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolism ; Wnt Proteins ; *Zebrafish Proteins ; beta Catenin
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 8 (1964), S. 1839-1852 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The heptane solubility of polypropylene yarns prepared under a variety of experimental conditions from several molecular weight ranges of polymers has been examined. The heptane solubilities of the yarns have been found to vary over a wide range, depending upon the conditions of extrusion during fiber formation and the subsequent degree of orientation of the fibers. The solubility of the yarns increases with higher spinning temperatures presumably as a function of the formation of low molecular weight soluble fractions formed as a result of thermal degradation. A reduction in the solubility occurs as the yarns are oriented either during the winding operation or by subsequent drawing. The reduced solubility has been explained on the basis of increased molecular alignment thereby promoting increased crystallinity as well as the possible entrapment of normally soluble atactic polymer. The fact that the polymer solubility can be decreased by bringing the polymer to a higher state of crystallinity has been shown by annealing studies. The solubilities of the original polymers, therefore, exhibit little correlation with the yarns produced from them. The solubilities of the annealed polymers, however, more closely approach the values obtained for the highly oriented yarns.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-05-10
    Description: Preliminary analysis of early interplanetary flyby and capture missions to evaluate launch year variation, trip duration, propulsion systems, and entry modes
    Keywords: SPACE RADIATION
    Format: text
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2015-06-10
    Description: Retinal bipolar (BP) cells mediate the earliest steps in image processing in the visual system, but the genetic pathways that regulate their development and function are incompletely known. We identified PRDI-BF1 and RIZ homology domain containing 8 (PRDM8) as a highly conserved transcription factor that is abundantly expressed in mouse...
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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