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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2014-08-02
    Description: The mammalian intestine is colonized by beneficial commensal bacteria and is a site of infection by pathogens, including helminth parasites. Helminths induce potent immunomodulatory effects, but whether these effects are mediated by direct regulation of host immunity or indirectly through eliciting changes in the microbiota is unknown. We tested this in the context of virus-helminth coinfection. Helminth coinfection resulted in impaired antiviral immunity and was associated with changes in the microbiota and STAT6-dependent helminth-induced alternative activation of macrophages. Notably, helminth-induced impairment of antiviral immunity was evident in germ-free mice, but neutralization of Ym1, a chitinase-like molecule that is associated with alternatively activated macrophages, could partially restore antiviral immunity. These data indicate that helminth-induced immunomodulation occurs independently of changes in the microbiota but is dependent on Ym1.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4548887/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4548887/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Osborne, Lisa C -- Monticelli, Laurel A -- Nice, Timothy J -- Sutherland, Tara E -- Siracusa, Mark C -- Hepworth, Matthew R -- Tomov, Vesselin T -- Kobuley, Dmytro -- Tran, Sara V -- Bittinger, Kyle -- Bailey, Aubrey G -- Laughlin, Alice L -- Boucher, Jean-Luc -- Wherry, E John -- Bushman, Frederic D -- Allen, Judith E -- Virgin, Herbert W -- Artis, David -- 095831/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 2-P30 CA016520/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- 5T32A100716334/PHS HHS/ -- AI061570/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI074878/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI082630/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI083022/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI087990/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI095466/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI095608/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI097333/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI102942/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI106697/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- F32 AI085828/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- F32-AI085828/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- HHSN272201300006C/PHS HHS/ -- K08 DK097301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- K08-DK097301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- MR/J001929/1/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- P01 AI106697/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30-AI045008/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30-DK050306/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI 084887/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI061570/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI074878/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI095466/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI097333/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI102942/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R21 AI087990/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- T32-AI007532/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI095608/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Aug 1;345(6196):578-82. doi: 10.1126/science.1256942. Epub 2014 Jul 17.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. ; Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK. ; Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Laboratoire de Chimie et Biochimie Pharmacologiques et Toxicologiques, Universite Paris Descartes, Paris, France. ; Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. dartis@mail.med.upenn.edu.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25082704" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology ; Caliciviridae Infections/*immunology ; Coinfection/*immunology/microbiology/parasitology ; Gastroenteritis/*immunology/virology ; Germ-Free Life ; *Immunomodulation ; Intestines/immunology/microbiology/virology ; Lectins/*immunology ; Macrophage Activation ; Macrophages/immunology ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Microbiota/*immunology ; Norovirus/*immunology ; Trichinella/*immunology ; Trichinellosis/*immunology ; beta-N-Acetylhexosaminidases/*immunology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1520-4995
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 85 (1999), S. 4850-4852 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Single crystals of YVO3 were grown using the floating-zone technique. YVO3 crystallizes in the orthorhombic Pbnm structure, and the structural parameters were determined by means of neutron diffraction. Using a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer, we have studied the magnetic properties of YVO3 along the three principal directions. Our single crystal exhibits two magnetic transitions at about 115 and 75 K. For temperatures above the magnetic ordering, almost isotropic Curie–Weiss behavior is found for the magnetic susceptibility. Below the ordering, however, we find a highly anisotropic response with the c axis as the easy-magnetization direction. Both magnetic phases exhibit a weak ferromagnetic component along the c axis. A complex low-field magnetization behavior indicates that YVO3 orders ferrimagnetically for temperatures between 75 and 115 K. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2019-05-11
    Description: Effect of temperature, x-rays, light and ultraviolet irradiation on the luminous emission of fungi
    Keywords: MASERS
    Format: text
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