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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-11-05
    Description: The development and severity of inflammatory bowel diseases and other chronic inflammatory conditions can be influenced by host genetic and environmental factors, including signals derived from commensal bacteria. However, the mechanisms that integrate these diverse cues remain undefined. Here we demonstrate that mice with an intestinal epithelial cell (IEC)-specific deletion of the epigenome-modifying enzyme histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3(DeltaIEC) mice) exhibited extensive dysregulation of IEC-intrinsic gene expression, including decreased basal expression of genes associated with antimicrobial defence. Critically, conventionally housed HDAC3(DeltaIEC) mice demonstrated loss of Paneth cells, impaired IEC function and alterations in the composition of intestinal commensal bacteria. In addition, HDAC3(DeltaIEC) mice showed significantly increased susceptibility to intestinal damage and inflammation, indicating that epithelial expression of HDAC3 has a central role in maintaining intestinal homeostasis. Re-derivation of HDAC3(DeltaIEC) mice into germ-free conditions revealed that dysregulated IEC gene expression, Paneth cell homeostasis and intestinal barrier function were largely restored in the absence of commensal bacteria. Although the specific mechanisms through which IEC-intrinsic HDAC3 expression regulates these complex phenotypes remain to be determined, these data indicate that HDAC3 is a critical factor that integrates commensal-bacteria-derived signals to calibrate epithelial cell responses required to establish normal host-commensal relationships and maintain intestinal homeostasis.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3949438/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3949438/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Alenghat, Theresa -- Osborne, Lisa C -- Saenz, Steven A -- Kobuley, Dmytro -- Ziegler, Carly G K -- Mullican, Shannon E -- Choi, Inchan -- Grunberg, Stephanie -- Sinha, Rohini -- Wynosky-Dolfi, Meghan -- Snyder, Annelise -- Giacomin, Paul R -- Joyce, Karen L -- Hoang, Tram B -- Bewtra, Meenakshi -- Brodsky, Igor E -- Sonnenberg, Gregory F -- Bushman, Frederic D -- Won, Kyoung-Jae -- Lazar, Mitchell A -- Artis, David -- 2-P30 CA016520/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- AI061570/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI074878/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI087990/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI095466/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI095608/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI097333/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI102942/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI106697/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- DK043806/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DP5 OD012116/OD/NIH HHS/ -- DP5OD012116/OD/NIH HHS/ -- F31-GM082187/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- K08 DK084347/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- K08 DK093784/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- K08-DK084347/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- K08-DK093784/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- P01 AI106697/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA016520/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 DK019525/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- P30-DK050306/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- P30-DK19525/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI061570/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI074878/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI095466/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI097333/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI102942/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R21 AI083480/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R21 AI087990/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R21 AI105346/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R21-AI105346/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R37 DK043806/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- T32-RR007063/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI095608/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Dec 5;504(7478):153-7. doi: 10.1038/nature12687. Epub 2013 Nov 3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA [2] Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA [3] Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24185009" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adult ; Animals ; Bacteria/genetics ; Colitis, Ulcerative/enzymology/genetics/microbiology ; Crohn Disease/enzymology/genetics/microbiology ; Female ; Gene Deletion ; Gene Expression Profiling ; *Gene Expression Regulation ; Histone Deacetylases/genetics/*metabolism ; *Homeostasis ; Humans ; Intestinal Mucosa/*enzymology/pathology ; Intestines/*microbiology ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Paneth Cells/cytology/metabolism ; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics ; Signal Transduction ; *Symbiosis
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2014-08-02
    Description: The mammalian intestine is colonized by beneficial commensal bacteria and is a site of infection by pathogens, including helminth parasites. Helminths induce potent immunomodulatory effects, but whether these effects are mediated by direct regulation of host immunity or indirectly through eliciting changes in the microbiota is unknown. We tested this in the context of virus-helminth coinfection. Helminth coinfection resulted in impaired antiviral immunity and was associated with changes in the microbiota and STAT6-dependent helminth-induced alternative activation of macrophages. Notably, helminth-induced impairment of antiviral immunity was evident in germ-free mice, but neutralization of Ym1, a chitinase-like molecule that is associated with alternatively activated macrophages, could partially restore antiviral immunity. These data indicate that helminth-induced immunomodulation occurs independently of changes in the microbiota but is dependent on Ym1.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4548887/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4548887/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Osborne, Lisa C -- Monticelli, Laurel A -- Nice, Timothy J -- Sutherland, Tara E -- Siracusa, Mark C -- Hepworth, Matthew R -- Tomov, Vesselin T -- Kobuley, Dmytro -- Tran, Sara V -- Bittinger, Kyle -- Bailey, Aubrey G -- Laughlin, Alice L -- Boucher, Jean-Luc -- Wherry, E John -- Bushman, Frederic D -- Allen, Judith E -- Virgin, Herbert W -- Artis, David -- 095831/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 2-P30 CA016520/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- 5T32A100716334/PHS HHS/ -- AI061570/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI074878/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI082630/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI083022/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI087990/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI095466/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI095608/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI097333/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI102942/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI106697/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- F32 AI085828/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- F32-AI085828/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- HHSN272201300006C/PHS HHS/ -- K08 DK097301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- K08-DK097301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- MR/J001929/1/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- P01 AI106697/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30-AI045008/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30-DK050306/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI 084887/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI061570/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI074878/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI095466/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI097333/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI102942/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R21 AI087990/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- T32-AI007532/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- U01 AI095608/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Aug 1;345(6196):578-82. doi: 10.1126/science.1256942. Epub 2014 Jul 17.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. ; Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK. ; Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Laboratoire de Chimie et Biochimie Pharmacologiques et Toxicologiques, Universite Paris Descartes, Paris, France. ; Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. ; Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Institute for Immunology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. dartis@mail.med.upenn.edu.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25082704" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology ; Caliciviridae Infections/*immunology ; Coinfection/*immunology/microbiology/parasitology ; Gastroenteritis/*immunology/virology ; Germ-Free Life ; *Immunomodulation ; Intestines/immunology/microbiology/virology ; Lectins/*immunology ; Macrophage Activation ; Macrophages/immunology ; Mice ; Mice, Inbred C57BL ; Microbiota/*immunology ; Norovirus/*immunology ; Trichinella/*immunology ; Trichinellosis/*immunology ; beta-N-Acetylhexosaminidases/*immunology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2014-07-17
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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