Water, Vol. 10, Pages 41: Modelling Wetland Growing Season Rainfall Interception Losses Based on Maximum Canopy Storage Measurements Water doi: 10.3390/w10010041 Authors: Wojciech Ciężkowski Tomasz Berezowski Małgorzata Kleniewska Sylwia Szporak-Wasilewska Jarosław Chormański This study estimates rainfall interception losses from natural wetland ecosystems based on maximum canopy storage measurements. Rainfall interception losses play an important role in water balance, which is crucial in wetlands, and has not yet been thoroughly studied in relation to this type of ecosystem. Maximum canopy storage was measured using the weight method. Based on these measurements, daily values of interception losses were estimated and then used to calculate long-term interception losses based on precipitation and potential evapotranspiration data for the 1971–2015 period. Depending mainly on the number of days with precipitation, the results show that total interception losses for the growing season as well as monthly interception losses are around 13% of gross rainfall. This value is similar to the values observed for some forests. Hence, interception losses should not be disregarded in hydrologic models of wetlands, especially because data trends in meteorological conditions (mainly number of days with precipitation) show that interception losses will increase in the future if those trends stay the same.
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering