Sustainability, Vol. 10, Pages 86: Overview of the Main Disinfection Processes for Wastewater and Drinking Water Treatment Plants Sustainability doi: 10.3390/su10010086 Authors: Maria Collivignarelli Alessandro Abbà Ilaria Benigna Sabrina Sorlini Vincenzo Torretta The use of water disinfection as a public health measure reduces the spread of diseases. Various disinfection technologies can be used to meet the pathogen inactivation demand in water. This work is an overview of the main disinfection technologies of wastewater and drinking water that reports for the conventional processes the action mechanism, the possible formation of by-products, the operative conditions, the advantages and disadvantages. For advanced and natural processes the action mechanisms are reported. Advanced technologies are interesting but are still in the research state, while conventional technologies are the most used. There is a tendency, especially in Italy, to use chlorine-based disinfectant, despite in some forms could lead to production of disinfection by-products.
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering