Supplement to: Thompson, Geoffrey; Humphris, Susan E; Schilling, Jean-Guy (1983): Petrology and geochemistry of basaltic rocks from Rio Grande Rise, South Atlantic: Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 72, Hole 516F. In: Barker, PF; Carlson, RL; Johnson, DA; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 72, 457-466, https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.72.115.1983
Basalts from Hole 516F, DSDP Leg 72 on the Rio Grande Rise are tholeiitic in character but differ from normal mid-ocean ridge basalts in the South Atlantic in higher concentrations of incompatible elements such as Ti, K, V, Sr, Ba, Zr, Nb, and light rare-earth elements and in lower concentrations of Mg, Cr, and Ni. They contrast with previously reported basalts from the Rio Grande Rise, which were highly alkalic in character. The Rio Grande Rise basalts from Hole 516F (age 84.5 Ma) are generally similar to basalts from the eastern end of the Walvis Ridge (80-100 Ma). It is suggested that they either originated, like the Walvis Ridge, from a mantle hot spot that is different from the present-day hot spot (Tristan da Cunha) and that has changed composition with time, or from a spreading center that was shallow and chemically influenced by the adjacent hot spot, similar to the present-day Mid-Atlantic Ridge near the Azores and Tristan da Cunha.
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