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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The strongly interactive flow field about aircraft afterbodies is investigated using computational techniques by which the thin-shear-layer formulation of the compressible, Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations is solved. A time-dependent implicit numerical algorithm is used to obtain solutions for a variety of afterbody and nozzle geometries, within the class of bodies of revolution, for both subsonic and supersonic external flow, and for sonic and supersonic underexpanded jets. Only centered nozzles with either a sharp lip or a blunt base are considered. In all cases, computed results are compared with experimental data taken at flight Reynolds numbers for like-flow conditions. Turbulence closure is realized using algebraic eddy-viscosity concepts. A new and unique adaptive-grid technique is used to resolve flow regimes with large gradients and to improve the accuracy and efficiency of the computational scheme. Special singular point boundary conditions are used for similar purposes, and are especially effective for highly under-expanded jets. For all cases considered, except one with a very large base-to-nozzle-exit-diameter ratio, the agreement with experimental measurements is excellent. For geometries with large base regions, enhancements in the turbulence transport model are necessary to support improvements in the flow-field simulation.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 84-1524
    Format: text
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