An experimental and computational investigation of the steady and unsteady transonic flow field about a thick airfoil is described. An operational computer code for solving the two-dimensional, compressible Navier-Stokes equations for flow over airfoils was modified to include solid-wall, slipflow boundary conditions to properly assess the code and help guide the development of improved turbulence models. Steady and unsteady flow fields about an 18% thick circular arc airfoil at Mach numbers of 0.720, 0.754, and 0.783 and a chord Reynolds number of 11 x 10 to the 6th are predicted and compared with experiment. For the first time, computed results for unsteady turbulent flows with separation caused by a shock wave were obtained which qualitatively reproduce the time-dependent aspects of experiments. Features such as the intensity and reduced frequency of airfoil surface-pressure fluctuations, oscillatory regions of trailing-edge and shock-induced separation, and the Mach number range for unsteady flows were all qualitatively reproduced.
AIAA PAPER 77-678
Conference on Fluid and Plasmadynamics; Jun 27, 1977 - Jun 29, 1977; Albuquerque, NM