sodium dodecyl sulfate
azo oil dye
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract Spectrophotometric and thermodynamic investigations are reported of the interactions between anionic surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate) and six azo oil dyes (benzene azo naphthalene type) which have an amino group at 4-position of naphthalene. A pronounced spectral change in the dye solution occurs on addition of surfactant. For increasingly surfactant concentrations (below the CMC), the interaction between dye and surfactant is so sharp that the systems may be said to exhibit an isosbestic point; then a new absorption band appears at longer wavelengths. The spectral data can be quantitatively interpreted in terms of a complex formation. The equilibrium coefficients of the complex formation are determined at different temperatures. The thermodynamic parameters of the complex formations (the free energy change (ΔG), enthalpy change (ΔH) and change in entropy (ΔS) are also calculated. The reaction of complex formation is exothermic (ΔH negative).ΔG is dependent on the hydrophobic nature andpKa of the dye. These complexes will form due to hydrophilic-hydrophilic interaction and will become more stable due to hydrophobic-hydrophobic interaction. With increasing amounts of complex, the infinite adsorption, the exhaustion and the rate constant of dyeing for nylon decrease.
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