B1 kinin receptor
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract It has recently been shown that the biological activity of the second generation kinin B1 receptor selective antagonist, desArg10 HOE 140, can be improved by specific amino acid substitutions. Starting from this observation, we undertook a systematic structure-activity relationship study of this antagonist, based on the alanine-scan technique, in order to obtain useful information for the rational design of more analogues. Our data indicate that the sequence of desArg10 HOE 140 does not tolerate the replacement by Ala of most of its residues, with the exception of Ser in position 7 and, to a lesser extent, D-Arg in position 1 and Hyp in position 4. The most critical residues appear to be Pro in position 3 and the C-terminal dipeptide DTic-Oic; Ala replacement at these positions resultes in a total loss of activity. Moreover, replacement by Ala of Gly in position 5 reverts the activity of desArg10 HOE 140 to that of an agonist.
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