Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
Abstract As part of the SAFARI-92 biomass buming experiment, aerosol collections were carried out with several size-fractionating sampling devices at a number of sites in Southern Africa. One of the samplers used at all ground-based sites was a stacked filter unit (SFU). The SFU samples were analyzed by both INAA and PIXE analysis. The present paper gives an intercomparison of the analytical results obtained in order to assess the accuracy and to check the quality assurance of the analytical procedures. Twenty-one common elements were determined by both INAA and PIXE. Concentrations of 13 elements (i.e., Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Zn and Br) were generally measured with sufficient precision in both techniques for performing the intercomparison. The INAA and PIXE data were compared in terms of PIXE/INAA concentration ratios on a sample by sample basis for the coarse and fine size fraction separately. the atmospheric concentrations for K, Mn and Fe agreed within 5–10%, the agreement between the data for the other common elements was typically better than 15%. Possible explanations for lower than 1.0 ratios for Cl, Br and Na are presented. The common elements were classified into groups according to their detectability and sensitivity in each technique.
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