Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A model is presented for analysis of the sorption of mixed gases in glassy polymers at concentrations below which significant plasticization occurs. The well-known dual-mode sorption model comprised of a Henry's law term and a Langmuir isotherm term, which has been used extensively for interpretation of single-component gas sorption data, forms the basis for the analysis of binary mixtures discussed here. Measurements using pure gases provide dual mode parameters which can then be used to predict the resultant sorption isotherms for binary mixtures of any of the pure gases. The proposed analysis is based upon recognition that the Langmuir component of the overall sorption concentration should be governed by competition between the two penetrants for the fixed unrelaxed volume in the polymer, which is believed to be the locus of the Langmuir capacity. This effect may result in a significant depression of the measured sorption of similar penetrants competing for the limited Langmuir capacity. A numerical example is considered which illustrates the range of behavior expected for CO2 and CH4 in polycarbonate. Deviations from the theoretical predictions of the simple dual-mode model for binary systems are discussed in terms of plasticizing effects on the Henry's law constant and the Langmuir affinity constant. The analyses proposed here are of direct and critical interest to the applied problems of migration of trace contaminants in glassy polymers and analysis of barrier packaging for foods since all of these applied problems involve mixed-penetrant sorption. Specifically, it is predicted that the presence of residual monomers or solvents in glassy polymers can produce both anomolously low Langmuir sorption affinity constants and sorption enthalpies compared with the residual-free case.
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