Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A series of poly(aryloxyphosphazene)s was prepared with phenoxy and p-ethylphenoxy substituents in various ratios. The thermal, morphological, and rheological properties of this series of polymers were studied by differential thermal analysis, x-ray analysis, and rheometrics mechanical spectroscopy. Thermal analysis showed that the resulting polymers follow melting-point-depression- and glass-transition-temperature-composition relationships expected of random copolymers. The lower first-order transition temperature [T(1)] disappears near equimolar substitution while the higher first-order transition temperature (Tm) persists over the whole range of compositions. X-ray analysis revealed that crystalline order in the polymer chain direction is destroyed by nearly equimolar substitution but lateral order remains. The rheological characterization of a copolymer with nearly equimolar substitution showed that the polymer is in a pseudocrosslinked state indicating the existence of chain-to-chain interactions. When a small amount of an antioxidant (6-dodecyl-1,2-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline) is added, the lateral order of the copolymer is destroyed, and its rubbery plateau modulus decreases by several fold.
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