Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The effect of 1,3-cyclohexane rings in the chain backbone on the crystal structure of polyamides has been studied using polyamides (denoted 1,3-CBMA-n) obtained from 1,3-cyclohexane-bis(methylamine) (1,3-CBMA) and n-carbon dicarboxylic acids. The crystallinity of the 1,3-CBMA-n polymers changes greatly with variation in the value of n. This is attributed to hydrogen-bond changes associated with the relative length of the diacid moiety to the diamine moiety in the monomeric unit of each polymer. In 1,3-CBMA-6, the cis-1,3-cyclohexane rings are readily accommodated in the molecular chains to form crystals in a manner similar to the m-benzene rings in poly(m-xylylene adipamide) (MXD-6). The crystal lattice, however, is more expanded than in MXD-6 since the 1,3-cyclohexane rings is bulkier than the m-benzene ring. The crystal structure of the 1,3-CBMA-n polymers is essentially the same as that of MXD-6.
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