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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 620 (1994), S. 665-671 
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Cerium(III) chloride hydrates ; Synthesis ; Solution enthalpies ; Crystal structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Hydrates of Cerium(III) ChlorideThe thermal dehydration of CeCl3 · 7 H2O to CeCl3 gives four definite intermediates: CeCl3 · 6 H2O, CeCl3 · 3 H2O, CeCl3 · 2 H2O, CeCl3 · H2O. In the hexahydrate monomeric [CeCl2(H2O)6]+ units exist. A structure analysis of CeCl3 · 3 H2O gave an orthorhombic unit cell (S.G. Pnma; Z = 4) with a = 1 242.7(4) pm; b = 881.8(8) pm, c = 693.4(5) pm. The structure consists of [CeCl4/2Cl(H2O)3] chains, where two Ce3+ ions are connected via two chloride ions, forming bent chains in the [010] direction. The trihydrates LnCl3 · 3 H2O (Ln = Pr—Tb) are isotypic, also one modification of LaCl3 · 3 H2O. The structures of the di- and mono-hydrate are not yet known. Molar volumina and solution enthalpies in water vary linearly with the number of H2O molecules per formula unit.
    Notes: Der thermische Abbau von CeCl3 · 7 H2O zu CeCl3 verläuft über die präparativ faßbaren Hydrate CeCl3 · 6 H2O, CeCl3 · 3 H2O, CeCl3 · 2 H2O und CeCl3 · H2O. CeCl3 · 6 H2O kristallisiert isotyp zu PrCl3 · 6 H2O mit monomeren [CeCl2(H2O)6]+-Einheiten. Eine Strukturbestimmung von CeCl3 · 3 H2O Pnma; Z = 4; a = 1 242,7(4) pm; b = 881,8(8) pm, c = 693,4(5) pm ergab das Vorliegen von [CeCl4/2Cl(H2O)3]-Einheiten, die über je zwei Chlorid-Doppelbrücken zu gewinkelten Ketten in [010]-Richtung verknüpft sind. Die Trihydrate LnCl3 · 3 H2O (Ln = Pr—Tb) sind isotyp, ebenfalls eine Modifikation von LaCl3 · 3 H2O. Die Strukturen des Di- und Monohydrats sind noch unbekannt. Die Molvolumina und Lösungsenthalpien in Wasser ändern sich linear mit dem Hydratationsgrad.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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