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  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Hydroxide Groups on Zeolites. III. Properties of Hydroxide Groups on ZnNaY, CuNaY, NiNaY, and CrNaY ZeolitesThe properties of hydroxide groups in dependence on the degree of exchange were studied by IR spectroscopy of ZnNaY, CuNaY, NiNaY, and CrNaY zeolites. Five kinds of hydroxide groups occur on these zeolites: Hydroxid groups limiting the lattice, 3 kinds of structural hydroxide groups, and MeOH+ groups. These are the same kinds of hydroxide groups as exist on alkaline earths-Y-zeolites. Some of the OH groups act as acid Brönsted centers. The number of acid Brönsted centers reaches maximum values at degrees of exchange of 40-50% after a pretreatment at 300-400°C. The zeolitic structure is partially destroyed in ZnNaY, CuNaY, and especially CrNaY, at high degree of exchange.
    Notes: An ZnNaY-, CuNaY-, NiNaY- und CrNaY-Zeolithen wurden die Eigenschaften der Hydroxidgruppen in Abhängigkeit vom Austauschgrad infrarotspektroskopisch untersucht. An diesen Zeolithen treten fünf Arten von Hydroxidgruppen auf, nämlich gitterbegrenzende Hydroxidgruppen, drei Arten von strukturellen Hydroxidgruppen und MeOH+-Gruppen. Dabei handelt es sich um die gleichen Arten von Hydroxidgruppen wie an Erdalkali-Y-Zeolithen. Einige der OH-Gruppen wirken als saure Brönsted-Zentren. Die Zahl der sauren Brönsted-Zentren erreicht Maximalwerte bei Austauschgraden von 40-50% nach einer Vorbehandlung bei 300-400°C. Bei ZuNaY-, CuNaY- und besonders stark bei CrNaY-Zeolithen wird bei hohen Austauschgraden die Zeolithstruktur teilweise zerstört.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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