Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Chloroacetylation of alkyl glycopyranosides of β-D-galactose, β-D-glucose and α-D-mannose as well as of free D-glucose, D-galactose, D-mannose and D-xylose, using chloroacetic anhydride as acylating reagent, gave the corresponding fully chloroacetylated pyranose derivatives in excellent yields. From D-glucose, 1,2,3,6-tetra-O-chloroacetyl-α-D-glucopyranose (9) was also obtained. Subsequent treatment of the fully chloroacetylated α-D-glycopyranoses 3, 8, 13 and 15 of galactose, glucose, mannose, and xylose, respectively, with HBr resulted in 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-chloroacetyl-α-D-galactopyranosyl bromide (4, 98%), -glucopyranosyl bromide (10, 92%), -mannopyranosyl bromide (14, 72%) and 2,3,4-tri-O-chloroacetyl-α-D-xylopyranosyl bromide (16, 68%). 10 reacted with D-pantholactone (17) and silver trifluoromethanesulfonate under acidic conditions to give the corresponding α-linked (18, 45%) and β-linked (20, 38%) glucopyranosides. Under basic conditions the corresponding ortho ester product 21 was formed (92%) which upon treatment with BF3 gave the glucosides 18 and 20. Silver silicate as the catalyst gave only traces of 18. Thus, 20 was isolated in 80% yield. Reaction of 10 with silver crotonate and silver laurate gave 1-O-crotonoyl- (22) and 1-O-lauroyl-2,3,4,6-tetra-O-chloroacetyl-β-D-glucopyranose (24), respectively. 18 and 22 were dechloroacetylated with thiourea, affording the corresponding deblocked glucose derivatives 19 and 23, respectively.
Type of Medium: