Metal ion complexes
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
---A kinetic study of the reactivity in the cleavage of p-nitrophenyl acetate of a series of 2-pyridineoximes, 1-4, and their complexes with NiII, ZnII and CuII is reported. Complexation of the oximic ligands leads to a remarkable increase in the acidity of the oximic group, following the order CuII 〉 NiII 〉 ZnII. The oximates of free ligands and their metal complexes, being α-nucleophiles, are quite effective in promoting the cleavage of PNPA. However, the reactivity, as defined by the second-order rate constants, is not predictably related to the acidity of the oximic function. The corresponding Brønsted plot shows a linear behaviour up to a pKa value of ca. 8, above which the reactivity of the uncomplexed oximic functions levels off to a limiting value. In the case of the metal ion complexes, a large effect of the ligand structure on the reactivity was observed. As a consequence, complexes of appropriate ligands and metal ions show a reactivity that exceeds the apparent limiting one of the oximates. The origin of such effects and their possible implications in the development of new reactivators of phosphorylated acetylcholinesterase are discussed.
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