Small ring systems
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
-The direct cyclization of 2-amino-4-chloro-3,3-dimethylbutanenitrile with potassium tert-butoxide in THF afforded 1-amino-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carbonitrile and a dimerization product. Various new cis- and trans-1-(tert-butylamino)-2-benzyl-2-methylcyclopropane-carbonitriles and© the corresponding cyclopropanecarboxamides have been synthesized, with focus on the isolation of the pure stereoisomeric cyclopropanecarboxamides. The relative configuration of the stereoisomers was established by X-ray crystallographic analysis of one of the model compounds. A new route to the latter functionalized cyclopropanes was developed by reaction of 1-methoxycyclopropylamines with potassium cyanide. Some remarkable rearrangements of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carbonitriles into azetidine and oxazine derivatives via Favorskii-derived intermediates are reported. Various aspects of the chemistry of geminally functionalized cyclopropanes are discussed.
Type of Medium: