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  • 1
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: RAP ; α2MR/LRP ; melanocytes ; melanoma ; cell culture density ; flow cytometry ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: α2-Macroglobulin receptor/low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein is a multifunctional cell surface receptor known to bind and internalize a large number of ligands. α2-Macroglobulin receptor-associated protein acts as an intracellular “chaperone” for this receptor, and it has been shown to inhibit binding of all its known ligands. In this paper, we characterize the expression of the receptor-associated protein in both normal human epidermal melanocytes and in six different human melanoma cell lines, by the use of flow cytometry and Western blotting analysis. We show that all the melanoma cell lines and the normal melanocytes express the receptor-associated protein at similar levels, with most located intracellularly. No receptor-associated protein was detected at the cell surface in the melanocytes or in three of the cell lines. However, in two of the melanoma cell lines, large amounts of receptor-associated protein were found on the cell surface, these having the largest amounts of it reported to date; in a further melanoma cell line, there was a small amount at the cell surface. We have also shown that the melanocytes and all the melanoma cell lines express the receptor itself at a wide range of levels, the highest levels of both the cell surface receptor and the cell surface receptor-associated protein being found in one particular melanoma cell line. By growing the cell lines under controlled conditions, we have demonstrated that, although the total cellular content of the receptor is markedly increased at high cell culture density, this treatment has no effect on the level of expression of the receptor-associated protein. J. Cell. Biochem. 71:149-157, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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