Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
In three-phase systems, where the liquid constitutes the continuous phase, solid is the catalyst and gas represents the dispersed phase, there are decisive criteria which have to be observed in reactor design. These are e.g. the interfacial area per unit volume between gas and liquid, the volumetric mass transfer coefficient and the mass transfer coefficient. The basic aim of the present work was therefore the investigation of these parameters in relation to the main influencing parameters. Process parameters stirrer speed and superficial gas velocity were varied as well as the physical properties such as liquid viscosity, solids concentration, particle diameter and a geometrical parameter, i.e. reactor diameter. The sulphite method was employed for the determination of these values. The test results confirmed the known relationships of power consumption and superficial gas velocity. An increase in the liquid viscosity leads to a decrease in all the tested values. In most cases, suspended solid particles lead to a lowering of the test values. The influence of the tank diameter on the plots of the test values against specific power consumption turned out to be invariant so that a scale-up of geometrically similar systems can be carried out at constant power consumption, superficial gas velocity and liquid viscosity.
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