Gas chromatography, capillary
Immobilization of stationary phases
Influence of vinyl groups
Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
This article presents a preliminary description of the influence exerted by vinyl groups on the process and on the result of immobilization. Vinyl groups may occur in the stationary phase (e. g. in SE-54) or may be bound to the support surface by persilylation with divinyltetramethyldisilazane. In the first case they promote the crosslinking process in the stationary phase. In the second case bonding to the solid surface is intensified. We have observed that vinyl groups in both situations contribute with comparable efficiency to the final non-extractability of the stationary phase. A further, yet entirely independent influence of surface-bonded vinyl groups concerns the acidity of the column. Whereas regular persilylation produces slightly acidic columns, a substantial shift to basic column behavior is observed after persilylation with a vinyl-containing reagent. The potential future importance of both kinds of influence is discussed.
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