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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2020-10-23
    Description: The Mikabu Unit (Mikabu greenstones) was an oceanic plateau that was in the Mesozoic Paleo-Pacific Ocean. Large-igneous-province (LIP) activity has been proposed as the origin of the oceanic plateau of the Mikabu Unit. This study aims to reveal LIP activity in the Paleo-Pacific Ocean. We present geochemical and geochronological data for the Mikabu Unit and the Middle Jurassic to Early Cretaceous Chichibu accretionary complex (i.e., the Kashiwagi and Kamiyoshida units), both of which underwent the same high-pressure low-temperature metamorphism as the Mikabu Unit, in the Kanto Mountains, central Japan. The Mikabu Unit contains oceanic plateau basalts characterized by incompatible element depletion and high chondrite normalized Gd/Yb ratios. These basalts are interpreted to have erupted in the age of 157.0 ± 0.9 Ma (Late Jurassic), based on zircon U–Pb dating of anorthosite. The basalt geochemistry indicates that oceanic plateau basalts occur in the Kashiwagi Unit. Although basalts in the Mikabu Unit were thought to have formed at the Pacific–Izanagi–Farallon triple junction in the previous studies, we propose they formed on older oceanic crust of the Izanagi Plate during the Late Jurassic, which was located several thousand kilometers from the triple junction. The Kashiwagi and Mikabu units were accreted to Asia during the Early Cretaceous.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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