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    Publication Date: 2019-03-04
    Description: The boron isotope composition (commonly expressed as δ11B) of marine calcium carbonate is one of the most reliable pH proxies (e.g. Vengosh et al., 1991; Hemming and Hanson, 1992). In this context, brachiopods are a potential archive due to their great abundance in the geological record and their low-magnesium calcite shells that make them more resistant to diagenetic alteration (e.g. Lowenstam, 1961; Veizer et al., 1986). This study focuses on the impact of brachiopod shell biomineralization processes on the boron isotopic and elemental (B/Ca) compositions. Boron isotope analyses were performed at the micrometer scale by ion microprobe, and by laser ablation (LA) coupled to a MC-ICP-MS to create 2D images, while B/Ca was determined using LA-ICP-MS in shells of five modern brachiopods species composed of primary (PL) and secondary layer (SL) (Terebratalia transversa, Magasella sanguinea, Notosaria nigricans, Calloria inconspicua and Magellania venosa) and one species composed also with tertiary layer (TL) (Liothyrella neozelanica). Our results show that the PL is slightly depleted in 11B relative to the SL and higher in B/Ca. The SL layer does not show a specific trend of δ11B from the outermost to the innermost shell thickness. B/Ca ratio goes towards lower values in the innermost regions of the shell likely due to kinetic effects, as less boron is incorporated as growth rates slow. Values obtained here are similar to those previously published (Lécuyer et al., 2002; Penman et al., 2013). Regarding the TL, B/Ca values are lower than in PL and SL. We will further explore the mechanisms responsible for such differences in δ11B and B/Ca values between the different shell layers and its potential use as palaeo-pH proxy. Hemming, N., Hanson, G., 1992. Boron isotopic composition and concentration in modern marine carbonates. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 56, 537-543. Lécuyer, C., Grandjean, P., Reynard, B., Albarède, F., Telouk, P., 2002. 11B/10B analysis of geological materials by ICP-MS Plasma 54: application to the boron fractionation between brachiopod calcite and seawater. Chem. Geol. 186 (1-2), 45-55. Lowenstam, H.A., 1961. Mineralogy, O-18/O-16 ratios, and strontium and magnesium contents of recent and fossil brachiopods and their bearing on the history of the oceans. J. Geol. 69, 241-260. Penman, D.E., Hönisch B., Rasbury E.T. Hemming, N.G., Howard J.S, 2013. Boron, carbon, and oxygen isotopic composition of brachiopod shells: Intra-shell variability, controls, and potential as a paleo-pH recorder. Chem. Geol. 340, 32-39. Veizer, J., Fritz, P., Jones, B., 1986. Geochemistry of brachiopods: oxygen and carbon isotopic records of Paleozoic oceans. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 50, 1679-1696. Vengosh, A., Kolodny, Y., Starinsky, A., Chivas, A.R., McCulloch, M.T., 1991. Co- precipitation and isotopic fractionation of boron in modern biogenic carbonates. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 55, 2901-2910.
    Type: Conference or Workshop Item , NonPeerReviewed
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