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    Publication Date: 2016-09-23
    Description: © The Author(s), 2014. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 116 (2015): 283-302, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.11.019.
    Description: In this paper, we present, describe, and model the first size-fractionated (0.8–51 µm; 〉51 µm) water-column particulate trace metal results from the US GEOTRACES North Atlantic Zonal Transect in situ pumping survey, with a focus on the lithogenic tracer elements Al, Fe and Ti. This examination of basin-wide, full-depth distributions of particulate elements elucidates many inputs and processes—some for bulk lithogenic material, others element-specific—which are presented via concentration distributions, elemental ratios, size-fractionation dynamics, and steady-state inventories. Key lithogenic inputs from African dust, North American boundary interactions, the Mediterranean outflow, hydrothermal systems, and benthic nepheloid layers are described. Using the refractory lithogenic tracer Ti, we develop a 1-D model for lithogenic particle distributions and test the sensitivities of size-fractionated open-ocean particulate Ti profiles to biotically driven aggregation, disaggregation rates, vertical sinking speeds, and dust input rates. We discuss applications of this lithogenic model to particle cycling in general, and to POC cycling specifically.
    Description: International and US GEOTRACES Offices (OCE-0850963 and OCE-1129603), and fellowship assistance from the Williams College Tyng Fellowship and MIT/WHOI Academic Programs Office to DCO.
    Keywords: Marine particles ; Lithogenic ; Particulate trace metals ; Aluminum ; Iron ; Titanium ; GEOTRACES ; Aeolian dust ; Aggregation ; Disaggregation ; Sinking speed ; Scavenging
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Article
    Format: application/pdf
    Format: application/msword
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