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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 1 (1990), S. v 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: numerical simulation ; chaos ; cable ; resonances ; bifurcations
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The finite motions of a suspended elastic cable subjected to a planar harmonic excitation can be studied accurately enough through a single ordinary-differential equation with quadratic and cubic nonlinearities. The possible onset of chaotic motion for the cable in the region between the one-half subharmonic resonance condition and the primary one is analysed via numerical simulations. Chaotic charts in the parameter space of the excitation are obtained and the transition from periodic to chaotic regimes is analysed in detail by using phase-plane portraits, Poincaré maps, frequency-power spectra, Lyapunov exponents and fractal dimensions as chaotic measures. Period-doubling, sudden changes and intermittency bifurcations are observed.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 1 (1990), S. 39-61 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: structural dynamics ; internal resonance ; modulation equations ; Hopf bifurcations
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract We study the planar dynamic response of a flexible L-shaped beam-mass structure with a two-to-one internal resonance to a primary resonance. The structure is subjected to low excitation (mili g) levels and the resulting nonlinear motions are examined. The Lagrangian for weakly nonlinear motions of the undamped structure is formulated and time averaged over the period of the primary oscillation, leading to an autonomous system of equations governing the amplitudes and phases of the modes involved in the internal resonance. Later, modal damping is assumed and modal-damping coefficients, determined from experiments, are included in the analytical model. The locations of the saddle-node and Hopf bifurcations predicted by the analysis are in good agreement, respectively, with the jumps and transitions from periodic to quasi-periodic motions observed in the experiments. The current study is relevant to the dynamics and modeling of other structural systems as well.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 1 (1990), S. 63-74 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: backlash ; impacts ; discrete mappings ; Fokker-Planck equation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Rattling in gears is a consequence of backlashes. It can be generated in those gear-wheels of a car transmission system, which are not under load. Models of rattling are established in three stages. from a straightforward patching method we proceed to a discrete mapping description and to a stochastic model applying the well-known Fokker-Planck equation. All three model stages are consistent and, moreover, they represent a good picture of the real world, which has been proven by tests.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: stochastic bifurcation ; Lyapunov exponents ; Fokker-Planck equations ; Monte-Carlo simulation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract At the state of statistical stationarity, the response of a nonlinear system under multiplicative random excitations can be either trivial or non-trivial, depending on the spectral levels of the excitations and the values of certain system parameters. Assuming that the random excitations are Gaussian white noises, the two types of response may be investigated by way of their stationary densities, which are obtainable for first order dynamical systems and for higher order dynamical systems belonging to the class of generalized stationary potential. Alternatively, the Lyapunov exponents can be computed for perturbation from either the trivial or non-trivial solution, since a negative sign for the greatest Lyapunov exponent provides both the necessary and sufficient conditions for the stability of sample functions with probability one. It is shown in two specific examples, that the boundary at which the greatest Lyapunov exponent changes its sign coincides with the boundary for regularity (or being normalizable) for the probability density in both the trivial and non-trivial solutions. Thus, the stability conditions in the strong sense of probability one and the weak sense in distribution are identical in these cases.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 1 (1990), S. 91-116 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: internal resonance ; random vibrations ; non-Gaussian closure experiments
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract This paper presents the experimental results of random excitation of a nonlinear two-degree-of-freedom system in the neighborhood of internal resonance. The random signals of the excitation and response coordinates are processed to estimate the mean squares, autocorrelation functions, power spectral densities, and probability density functions. The results are qualitatively compared with those predicted by the Fokker-Planck equation together with a non-Gaussian closure scheme. The effects of system damping ratios, nonlinear coupling parameter, internal detuning ratio, and excitation spectral density level are considered in both studies except the effect of damping ratios is not considered in the experimental investigation. Both studies reveal similar dynamic features such as autoparametric absorber effect and stochastic instability of the coupled system. The experimental results show that the autocorrelation function of the coupled system has the feature of ultra narrow band process and degenerates to a periodic one as the internal detuning departs from the exact internal resonance condition. The measured probability density functions of the response of the main system suggests that the Gaussian representation is sufticient as long as the excitation level is relatively low in the neighborhood of the system internal resonance condition.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 1 (1990), S. 143-191 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear systems ; homotopy algorithm ; globally convergent ; probability-one homotopy ; path tracking ; continuation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Probability-one homotopy methods are a class of algorithms for solving nonlinear systems of equations that are accurate, robust, and converge from an arbitrary starting point almost surely. These new globally convergent homotopy techniques have been successfully applied to solve Brouwer fixed point problems, polynomial systems of equations, constrained and unconstrained optimization problems, discretizations of nonlinear two-point boundary value problems based on shooting, finite differences, collocation, and finite elements, and finite difference, collocation, and Galerkin approximations to nonlinear partial differential equations. This paper introduces, in a tutorial fashion, the theory of globally convergent homotopy algorithms, deseribes some computer algorithms and mathematical software, and presents several nontrivial engineering applications.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 1 (1990), S. 209-219 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits ; bifurcation and chaos ; fractal basin boundaries
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The final state for nonlinear systems with multiple attractors may become unpredictable as a result of homoclinic or heteroclinic bifurcations. The fractal basin boundaries due to such bifurcations for a four-well, two-degree-of-freedom, nonlinear oscillator under sinusoidal forcing have been studied, based on a theory of homoclinic bifurcation inn-dimensional vector space developed by Palmer. Numerical simulation is used as a means of demonstrating the consequences of the system dynamics when the bifurcations occur, and it is shown that the basin boundaries in the configuration space (x, y) become fractal near the critical value of the heteroclinic bifurcations.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Quenching ; parametric resonances ; subharmonic resonances ; adaptive control
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract An indirect adaptive quenching algorithm for a nonlinear single-degree-of-freedom system with unknown constant system parameters is presented. The system is subject to external or parametric sinusoidal disturbances and the resulting control signal is also sinusoidal. The quenching algorithm provides a reduction in the control effort required compared to direct disturbance cancellation. The disturbance sinusoid and the unknown parameters are incorporated into the system model and an extended Kalman filter (EKF) with modified update equations is used to estimate the system state and parameters. The estimates are then used to form the quenching signal. The adaptive quenching algorithm is found to work well inside a quenching region defined by the separatrices and suggests the use of a hybrid control law. The algorithm was verified by implementing it on an analog computer.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 1 (1990), S. 221-241 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear ; rotor ; clearance ; chaos
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract A HB (Harmonic Balance)/AFT (Alternating Frequency/Time) technique is developed to obtain synchronous and subsynchronous whirling motions of a horizontal Jeffcott rotor with bearing clearances. The method utilizes an explicit Jacobian form for the iterative process which guarantees convergence at all parameter values. The method is shown to constitute a robust and accurate numerical scheme for the analysis of two dimensional nonlinear rotor problems. The stability analysis of the steady-state motions is obtained using perturbed equations about the periodic motions. The Floquet multipliers of the associated Monodromy matrix are determined using a new discrete HB/AFT method. Flip bifurcation boundaries were obtained which facilitated detection of possible rotor chaotic (irregular) motion as parameters of the system are changed. Quasi-periodic motion is also shown to occur as a result of a secondary Hopf bifurcation due to increase of the destabilizing cross-coupling stiffness coefficients in the rotor model.
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