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  • 1
    Call number: IASS 16.89776
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 530 Seiten , Illustrationen
    ISBN: 9787010149363
    Language: English , Chinese
    Branch Library: IASS Library
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  • 2
    Call number: AWI Bio-17-90819
    Description / Table of Contents: The authors completed collecting and arranging plates of photomicrographs for common pollen and spores in Quaternary strata. Given China's vast territory, complex vegetation types, a variety of plants, and polen grains with similar morphology probably produced by different plant species in different regions. We have organized this book's photomicrographs of pollen grains and spores in the division of China into five regions, i.e. northwest,northern, southeast, south and southwest China. Photomicrographs of pollen grains and spores in each region are arranged by plant classification system i.e. in order of algae, bryophyte, pteridophyte, gymnosperm, and angiosperm. All 409 plates of color photomicrographs for pollen grains and spores are finally illustrated and described.
    Description / Table of Contents: 本书整理编排了我国第四纪地层常见的孢粉类型显微照相图版,按照西北、北方、东南、华南和西南五个大区编排,并对这些区域的现代植被、第四纪植被史做了简要概述,还重点叙述了各地区第四纪主要孢粉类型、特点以及常见孢粉种类的鉴定形态特征。共分三章,第一章为我国各地区现代植被和第四纪植被概述,重点叙述了古植被与古气候的演变历史;第二章介绍本图鉴中所列出的各地区主要第四纪孢粉类型及其特点,并对不同地区常见孢粉种类
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 620 Seiten , zahlreiche Illustrationen
    ISBN: 9787030505682
    Language: Chinese , Latin
    Note: Contents: Preface. - Chapter 1: Overview of modern and Quaternary vegetation in China. - 1.1 Northwest region / Tang Lingyu and Shen Caiming. - 1.1.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.1.1.1 Gobi desert and desert vegetation in eastern Xinjiang. - 1.1.1.2 Extremely arid desert and shrubland vegetation in the Qaidam Basin. - 1.1.1.3 Arid desert shrub and semi-shrub vegetation in the Hexi Corridor. - 1.1.1.4 Sylvosteppe or pine-oak forest in the transitional region between semi-humid and semi-arid monsoonal climate of temperate zone in the Loess Plateau. - 1.1.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.1.2.1 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in Qinghai. - 1.1.2.2 Holocene vegetation succession of steppe/meadow in north Xizang (Tibet). - 1.1.2.3 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in the Loess Plateau. - 1.1.2.4 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in Xinjiang. - 1.2 Northern region / Tang Lingyu and Li Chunhai. - 1.2.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.2.1.1 Coniferous and broadleaved forest and meadow of temperate zone in Northeast China. - 1.2.1.2 Oak forest of river valley, Chinese pine forest, and shrub steppe in the lower valley of Liaohe River, North China plain, southern Shanxi, and central Shaanxi plain. - 1.2.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.2.2.1 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in North China. - 1.2.2.2 Vegetation and environment since the early Pleistocene in Northeast China. - 1.3 Southeast region / Shu Junwu and Tang Lingyu. - 1.3.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.3.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.3.2.1 Vegetation succession since the mid-Pleistocene in Hubei. - 1.3.2.2 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in the lower valley of the Yangtze River. - 1.3 .2.3 Forest succession since the last glaciation in southeast coast of Fujian. - 1.3.2.4 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in the central Taiwan. - 1.4 South region / Mao Limi, Tang Lingyu and Shen Cairning. - 1.4.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.4.1.1 Vegetation in the southern zone of middle subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest. - 1.4.1.2 Vegetation in the zone of south subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest. - 1.4.1.3 Tropical semi-evergreen monsoonal forest and tropical monsoonal forest. - 1.4.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.4.2.1 Vegetation in the Zhujiang delta and Chaozhou plain since the Pleistocene recorded by pollen and spores. - 1.4.2.2 Vegetation and climate since the late Pleistocene in Leizhou Peninsula and Holocene vegetation and climate in Hainan Island. - 1.4.2.3 Late Quaternary pollen and spores, vegetation and climate records in the South. - 1.4.2.4 Vegetation and climate since the late Pleistocene in Hong Kong. - 1.5 Southwest region / Shu Junwu, Tang Lingyu and Shen Caiming. - 1.5.1 Overview of modern vegetation. - 1.5.1.1 Vegetation of evergreen broadleaved forest in the Yunnan , Guizhou and western Sichuan Plateau. - 1.5.1.2 Vegetation of coniferous forest in southeast Xizang. - 1.5.2 Overview of Quaternary vegetation. - 1.5.2.1 Holocene vegetation in northwest Yunnan. - 1.5.2.2 Vegetation and monsoonal climate history since the late Pleistocene in western and south-central Yunnan. - 1.5.2.3 Holocene vegetation in western Sichuan. - 1.5.2.4 Vegetation and environment since the late Pleistocene in Guizhou. - 1.5.2.5 Vegetation and monsoonal climate history since the late Pleistocene in southeastern Xizang. - Chapter 2 Main types of Quaternary pollen and spores and their characteristics in different regions of China. - 2.1 Northwest region / Tang Lingyu and Mao Limi. - 2.1.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Northwest China. - 2.1.2 Identifiable features of major Quaternary pollen and spores in Northwest China. - 2.1.2.1 Identifiable features of main Compositae pollen types. - 2.1.2.2 Identifiable features of Artemisia, Tamarix, and Zygophyllum pollen. - 2.1.2.3 Identifiable features of Rhamnus, Hippophae, and Elaeagnus pollen. - 2.1.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary spores and pollen in Northwest China. - 2.1.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen types in Northwest China. - 2.1.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen types in Northwest China. - 2.2 Northern region / Tang Lingyu. - 2.2.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Northern China. - 2.2.2 Identifiable features of major Quaternary pollen and spores in Northern China. - 2.2.2.1 Identification keys of pollen morphology for several saccate genera of Pinaceae. - 2.2.2.2 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for genera of Betulaceae. - 2.2.2.3 Identifiable features of tricolpate pollen from Salix and Cruciferae. - 2.2.2.4 Identifiable features of tricolpate pollen from Ranunculaceae and Labiatae. - 2.2.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary spores and pollen in Northern China. - 2.2.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen types in Northern China. - 2.2.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen types in Northern China. - 2.3 Southeast region / Tang Lingyu and Shu Junwu. - 2.3.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Southeast China. - 2.3.2 Identifiable features of major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southeast China. - 2.3.2.1 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for Fagaceae. - 2.3.2.2 Identification keys of pollen morphology for several genera of Fagaceae. - 2.3.2.3 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for several genera of Fagaceae. - 2.3.2.4 Identifiable features of pollen morphology for several genera of tropical and subtropical. - 2.3.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southeast China. - 2.3.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen types in Southeast China. - 2.3.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen types in Southeast China. - 2.4 South region / Mao Limi and Tang Lingyu. - 2.4.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.2 Identifiable features of main Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.2.1 Modern distribution and paleophytogeography of Sonneratia and its identifiable features of pollen morphology. - 2.4.2.2 Modern distribution and paleoecology significance of Rhizophoraceae and its identifiable features of pollen morphology. - 2.4.3 Photomicrographs and descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.3.1 Photomicrographs for major Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.4.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in South China. - 2.5 Southwest region / Tang Lingyu and Shu Junwu. - 2.5.1 Types of Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - 2.5.2 Identifiable feature of main Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - 2.5.2.1 Plant distribution and pollen features of Pinaceae in Southwest China. - 2.5.2.2 Identification keys of pollen morphology for Pinaceae. - 2.5.3 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - 2.5.3.1 Photomicrographs for common pollen in Southwest China. - 2.5.3.2 Descriptions of morphological features for major Quaternary pollen and spores in Southwest China. - Chapter 3 Plates and descriptions of Quaternary pollen and spores in different region of China. - 3.1 Northwest region / Tang Lingyu and Mao Limi. - Spores of the pteridophyte Plates 1-3. - Gymnosperm pollen Plates 3-10. - Angiosperm pollen Plates 11-63. - 3.2 Northern region / Tang Lingyu and Li Chunhai. - Spores of the algae Plates 1-3. - Spores of the bryophyte Plate 4. - Spores of the pteridophyte Plates 5-9. - Gymnosperm pollen Plates 9-24. - Angiosperm pollen Plates 25-63. - 3.3 Southeast region / Tang Lingyu, Zhou Zhongze and
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: Bu çalışmanın amacı uluslararası emtia piyasalarından kaynaklanan asimetrik ve doğrusal olmayan fiyat hareketlerinin iç fiyatlara geçişkenliğini Türkiye için ölçmektir. Bu amaçla 2003M02-2015M02 dönemine ait aylık bazda(145 gözlem) çeşitli uluslararası emtia fiyatları(petrol ve gıda fiyatları) ve iç fiyatları temsilen tüketici fiyat endeksleri ele alınmıştır. Çalışmanın ekonometrik tahminlemesinde yakın zamanda geliştirilen Doğrusal Olmayan Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif (NARDL) Modeli kullanılmıştır. Böylece uluslararası emtia fiyatlarının pozitif ve negatif “Kısmi Ayrıştırma Toplamları” kullanılarak kısa ve uzun dönem doğrusalsızlık ve asimetrik etkiler eşanlı olarak test edilmektedir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre uluslararası petrol ve gıda fiyatlarından yurtiçi enflasyon oranlarına doğru asimetrik bir fiyat geçişkenliğinin olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Öte yandan, pozitif ve negatif uluslararası emtia fiyat şoklarına karşı iç fiyatların verdiği kısmi tepkiler “Asimetrik Dinamik Hızlandıran” yaklaşımı kullanılarak ölçülmektedir. Buna göre yurtiçi enflasyon oranlarının petrol ve gıda fiyat şoklarına verdiği tepki asimetrik ve sırasıyla 20 ve 15 ay olduğu görülmüştür.
    Description: The aim of this paper is to measure asymetric and nonlinear pass-through of international commodity prices to internal prices in the Turkish case. For this purpose, monthly data set of various international commodity prices(oil and food prices) and internal prices (ie. consumer price indices) fort the period 2003M02-2015M02 (145 observations) are utilized. The econometric estimation of the study is based on the recently developed NARDL Model. This model offers a proper possibility to simultaneously test the short and long-run nonlinearity through positive and negative 'Partial Sum Decompositions' of the international commodity prices to internal prices (ie. consumer price indices). According to our findings, it is concluded that there is a pass-through from international oil and food prices to domestic prices or inflation rate in an asymmetrical sense. The NARDL Model, in hand, also allows us to quantify the respective responses of the internal prices to positive and negative commodity price shocks from the 'Asymetric Dynamic Multipliers'. Hence, domestic inflation rates' response to international oil and food prices is asymmetrical respectively in 20-month and 15-month periods.
    Keywords: C22 ; Q40 ; Q47 ; ddc:330 ; international commodity price shocks ; NARDL Model ; asymetric pass-through ; Uluslararası emtia fiyat şokları ; NARDL Modeli ; asimetrik geçişkenlik
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 4
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: Bu yazıda özellikle iktisat alanında değişmenin önemini vurgulayan açıklamalar sunacağım. Açıklamalarımda önce dünyada ve Türkiye’de özellikle son zamanlarda yaşanan değişimleri özetleyeceğim. Sonra sırasıyla kapitalizmde, teknolojide, küreselleşmede ve iktisat biliminde meydana gelen, önemli saydığım değişmeleri anlatacağım. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 5
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2019-02-04
    Description: Bu calisma, Turkiye'nin 2001 krizi sonrasinda uyguladigi maliye politikasina butce harcamalari perspektifinden baktiktan sonra, 2016 ve sonrasinda beklenen dusuk buyume doneminde genisleyici bir maliye politikasinin ekonomik buyume uzerindeki etkilerini tartismaktadir. Calismanin son bolumunde ise kamu harcamalarinin buyumeye katki verecek sekilde dagitilmasi, dinamik bir model cercevesinde incelenmektedir. Sonuclar, 2001 sonrasinda izlenen maliye politikasinin butce disiplini uzerindeki olumlu etkilerini gostermekle beraber, son donemde butcenin harcama katiliginda ve yapisal butce dengesinde bazi olumsuzluklari da tartismaya acmaktadir. Bununla beraber, mevcut kamu borc stoku ve butce disiplini altinda, kamunun tuketim harcamalari yoluyla onumuzdeki dusuk buyume doneminde ekonomiye bir ivme kazandirabilecegi sonucu da elde edilmektedir. Yuksek buyume doneminde ise genisleyici bir maliye politikasinin olumsuz bir etki yapacagi da bulgular arasindadir. Kamu harcamalarinin dagiliminin incelendigi son bolumde, kamunun uretimi arttiracak altyapi yatirimlarina daha fazla agirlik vermesi gerektigi bulunmaktadir. Egitim ve sagliga ayrilan kamu sermaye stokunun buyume uzerindeki etkileri ise fiziksel altyapi yatirimlarina ayrilan kamu sermaye stoku kadar yuksek degildir. Harcama dagilimi ile ilgili bir baska bulgu ise kamunun sermaye yatirimlarina daha fazla agirlik verirken hane halki transferlerini azaltmasi gerektigidir. Son olarak, kamunun idari harcamalarinda verimlilik yoluyla saglanacak bir azalmanin toplumsal fayda uzerinde onemli ve pozitif etkileri gorulmektedir. Bu sonuc da, onumuzdeki donemde kamu verimliligini arttirip idari harcamalari kisacak onlemlerin bir politika onceligi olmasi gerektigini soylemektedir.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 6
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 7
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: D31 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 9
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The general objective of the study is to strengthen the strategic framework, to consolidate policies and to support actions aimed at promoting energy security by exploiting Romania’s potential in terms of unconventional gas resources. The specific objectives aim to facilitate the understanding of exploration and exploitation of shale gas processes in Romania and coordinate opportunities in order to meet the energy demand, the environmental and human health risks, taking into consideration the European and international context. The study provides policy analysis, data and carries comprehensive research by addressing the issue of exploitation of natural gas resources, especially the unconventional shale gas. It takes into consideration several issues such as Romania’s need to increase the security of gas supply, concerns to comply with environmental standards and safeguard the populations in areas where exploration and exploitation take place, particularly in relation to maintaining soil and drinking water quality for household consumption and farms. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Romanian
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  • 11
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2019-06-14
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Romanian
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  • 12
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-05
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2018-09-21
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2018-08-07
    Description: 1914 ve 1918 yılları arasında, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu iktisadi anlamda yıkım yaratan Birinci Dünya Savaşı’na dahil olmuştu. Savaşın sonunda ülke işgal edilmiş ve işgal kuvvetleri ile çatışmalar ortaya çıkmıştı. Tarihsel çalışmalarda, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Bulgaristan’ın Eylül 1918 tarihinde yaptığı ateşkes teklifi ve iktisadi yaşamında yarattığı baskı ile savaştan çekilme noktasına geldiği iddia edilmekteydi. Yazı, çatışmaların sonlanmakta olduğu süreçteki barış çabalarının Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda ortaya çıkartmış olduğu iktisadi etkileri Tasvir-i Efkar ve Vakit gibi Osmanlı gazetelerindeki yazılar, İstanbul Borsası’na ait döviz kuru ve mal fiyatı verileri ile incelemiştir. Sonuçlar, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Ekim 1918 tarihi itibariyle savaştan çıkışına kadar olan dönem içerisinde iktisadi olarak iyileşmeler ile karşı karşıya kaldığını ifade etmektedir.
    Description: Between 1914 and 1918, the Ottoman Empire was involved in the World War I, leading to disruptions in economic life. The end of the war created the occupation of the Ottoman Empire by the Allies and struggle against the Allies' occupation. The historical literature argued that when Bulgaria asked for an armistice in September 1918, it was realized that the end of the war was approaching, as the Ottoman economy went into recession. Based on articles in the Ottoman newspapers, i.e., Tasvir-i Efkar and Vakit, in addition to data of foreign exchange rates and prices in the çIstanbul Bourse, this paper examines how the Ottoman economy was affected by the end of the World War I. The findings imply the presence of the higher economic recovery by October 1918 when the Ottoman Empire asked for armistices.
    Keywords: G1 ; N25 ; N45 ; ddc:330 ; The World War I ; the armistice of Salonica ; İstanbul Stock Exchange ; foreign exchange rates ; prices ; economic recovery ; Birinci Dünya Savaşı ; Selanik Mütarekesi ; İstanbul Borsası ; döviz kurları ; mal fiyatları ; ekonomik iyileşme
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 15
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2019-06-14
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Romanian
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  • 16
    Publication Date: 2019-09-07
    Description: Günümüzde kültür, teknoloji, tasarım ya da insan sermayesi gibi elle tutulur faydaları muğlak olan kavramlar en çok; bir şirketin, sanat eserinin, yazılımın ya da herhangi bir ürünün finansal değerini belirlemede etkin rol oynar hale gelmiştir. Bu durum da, bu muğlaklığın hem sektörde hem de akademide analiz edilebilmesi ve ölçülebilmesi çalışmalarını tetiklemiştir. Kentteki fiziksel çevrenin değerine etki eden önemli bir girdi olan “iyi tasarım”ın ne olduğu konusu ve ölçülebilme sorunsalı da, mimarlık alanında araştırma gündemini meşgul etmeye başlamıştır. Ne kadar çok elle tutulamayan fayda tespit ve ifşa edilirse, kentlerde o kadar daha çok “iyi” tasarım olacağı hakim görüşü, bu alanda araştırma yapanları çok kapsamlı modeller geliştirmeye yöneltmiştir. Fakat, 90’lardan itibaren başlamış bu çalışmalar, ne yazık ki, daha yaşanılır kentlerin oluşup gelişmesine beklenildiği gibi etki edememiştir. Bu bağlamda, finans sektörünün bu faydaları nasıl okuduğuyla ilgili daha içsel bir anlayış elde etmek için, “değerin güç teorisi” çerçevesinde, bu teorinin merkezine aldığı köksüz transnasyonel kapitalist sınıf lehine olan diferansiyel kapitalizasyon ve stratejik sabotaj kavramlarının fiziksel mekandaki izleri aranarak konu tartışmaya açılmış ve şehirlerdeki en büyük bütçeli projeleri finanse eden %1lik mimari patronajın mülkü olan günümüz seküler mabetlerine ve uzamsal boyutlarına bu mercekten bakılmıştır. Çalışmanın çıktısı olarak; bu mabetlerin ve onları ilgilendiren uzamsal boyutun farklı aktörler için ifade ettiği farklı değerler ve bu farklı değerlerin ya da faydaların nasıl kapitalize edildiği ve neden olduğu sabotaj biçimleri detaylandırılarak açıklanmış, ayrıca literatüre provokatif bir katkı sağlamak hedeflenmiştir.
    Description: The concepts such as culture, technology, design, or human capital, the tangible benefits of which are vague, are mostly effective in setting the financial value of a company, a work of art, a software, or any product. This situation triggered both sectoral and academic studies intended for analyzing and measuring this vagueness. The subject of what the “good design” is, which is an important input affecting the value of the physical environment in the cities, and the problematic of its measurability started to occupy the architectural research agenda. The prevalent view that the more intangible benefits are detected and disclosed the more “good” designs the cities will have has prompted the people who conduct research in this field to develop very comprehensive models. However, these studies that started in the ‘90s unfortunately failed to have the expected impact on creation and development of more livable cities. In this context, to get a better insight of how the financial sector reads these benefits, the subject has been opened up for discussion within the framework of the “power theory of value”, by searching for traces of the differential capitalization and strategic sabotage concepts in the physical space, which are in favor of the rootless transnational capitalist class that is at the center of this theory and the modern-day secular temples owned by the 1% of the architectural patronage who finance the highest budget projects in cities and its spatial dimension have been seen through this lens. As an outcome of the study, different values these temples and the spatial dimension concerning them carry for different actors, and how these different values or benefits are capitalized, and the types of sabotages they cause have been explained in detail, and it has been targeted to make a provocative contribution to the literature.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; architecture ; capital as power ; differential accumulation ; capitalization ; radical imaginary ; sabotage
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2020-02-05
    Description: This study asks how the Ottoman bondholders traded at the Paris stock exchange evaluated the outcomes of tax and constitutional reforms, based on the data for the most traded bond's price, i.e., the Turkish unified bond, at the Paris stock exchange from 1903 to 1909. The reforms aimed at higher tax income and decreasing arbitrary implications of the Ottoman state. The data are manually collected from The Times. The findings show that the constitutional reform was negatively related to perceived risk of the investors, since there was again a parliamentary system in the Ottoman Empire to blockage the arbitrary policies.
    Keywords: G1 ; N25 ; N45 ; ddc:330 ; Tax reform ; Constitutional monarchy ; the Ottoman debt management ; Price fluctuations ; the Turkish unified bond
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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