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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 19 (1999), S. 135-158 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: perturbation methods ; higher-order approximations ; dynamical systems ; codimension ; stability
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Higher-order multiple-scale methods for general multiparameter mechanical systems are studied. The role played by the control and imperfection parameters in deriving the perturbative equations is highlighted. The definition of the codimension of the problem, borrowed from the bifurcation theory, is extended to general systems, excited either externally or parametrically. The concept of a reduced dynamical system is then invoked. Different approaches followed in the literature to deal with reconstituted amplitude equations are discussed, both in the search for steady-state solutions and in the analysis of stability. Four classes of methods are considered, based on the consistency or inconsistency of the approach, and on the completeness or incompleteness of the terms retained in the analysis. The four methods are critically compared and general conclusions drawn. Finally, three examples are illustrated to corroborate the findings and to show the quantitative differences between the various approaches.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 19 (1999), S. 173-193 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: fluid conveying pipes ; high-frequency pulsating fluid ; separation of slow and fast motion ; stability ; nonlinear dynamics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Stability and nonlinear dynamics of two articulated pipes conveying fluid with a high-frequency pulsating component is investigated. The non-autonomous model equations are converted into autonomous equations by approximating the fast excitation terms with slowly varying terms. The downward hanging pipe position will lose stability if the mean flow speed exceeds a certain critical value. Adding a pulsating component to the fluid flow is shown to stabilize the hanging position for high values of the ratio between fluid and pipe-mass, and to marginally destabilize this position for low ratios. An approximate nonlinear solution for small-amplitude flutter oscillations is obtained using a fifth-order multiple scales perturbation method, and large-amplitude oscillations are examined by numerical integration of the autonomous model equations, using a path-following algorithm. The pulsating fluid component is shown to affect the nonlinear behavior of the system, e.g. bifurcation types can change from supercritical to subcritical, creating several coexisting stable solutions and also anti-symmetrical flutter may appear.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 19 (1999), S. 313-332 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: double pendulum system ; double Hopf bifurcation ; stability ; chaos
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract A double pendulum system is studied for analyzing the dynamic behaviour near a critical point characterized by nonsemisimple 1:1 resonance. Based on normal form theory, it is shown that two phase-locked periodic solutions may bifurcate from an initial equilibrium, one of them is unstable and the other may be stable for certain values of parameters. A secondary bifurcation from the stable periodic solution yields a family of quasi-periodic solutions lying on a two-dimensional torus. Further cascading bifurcations from the quasi-periodic motions lead to two chaoses via a period-doubling route. It is shown that all the solutions and chaotic motions are obtained under positive damping.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Periodic solutions ; stability ; local bifurcations ; Fourier series
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract This paper explores the application of the method of variable-coefficient harmonic balance to nonautonomous nonlinear equations of the form XsF(X, t:λ), and in particular, a one-degree-of-freedom nonlinear oscillator equation describing escape from a cubic potential well. Each component of the solution, X(t), is expressed as a truncated Fourier series of superharmonics, subharmonics and ultrasubharmonics. Use is then made of symbolic manipulation in order to arrange the oscillator equation as a Fourier series and its coefficient are evaluated in the traditional way. The time-dependent coefficients permit the construction of a set of amplitude evolution equations with corresponding stability criteria. The technique enables detection of local bifurcations, such as saddle-node folds, period doubling flips, and parts of the Feigenbaum cascade. This representation of the periodic solution leads to local bifurcations being associated with a term in the Fourier series and, in particular, the onset of a period doubled solution can be detected by a series of superharmonics only. Its validity is such that control space bifurcation diagrams can be obtained with reasonable accuracy and large reductions in computational expense.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Regularization ; stability ; constrained multibody systems ; dynamics of multibody systems ; non-holonomic ; singularity
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract In the analysis of multibody dynamics, we are often required to deal with singularity problems where the constraint Jacobian matrix may become less than full rank at some instantancous configurations. This creates numerical instability which will affect the performance of the mechanical system. A modification procedure of the constraints when they vanish or become linearly dependent is proposed to regularize the dynamics of the system. A distinction between the asymptotic stability due to the representation of the constraints (at the velocity and acceleration level), and the one due to the singularity is discussed in full in this paper. It is shown that Baumgarte technique could be extended to accommodate the representation of the constraints in the neighborhood of singularity. A two link planar manipulator undergoing large motion and passing through a singular configuration is used to illustrate the proposed stability technique.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 10 (1996), S. 333-357 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Pipes ; parametric excitation ; nonlinearity ; chaos ; multiple time scales ; harmonic balancing ; stability
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Chaotic motions of a simply supported nonlinear pipe conveying fluid with harmonie velocity fluetuations are investigated. The motions are investigated in two flow velocity regimes, one below and above the critical velocity for divergence. Analyses are carried out taking into account single mode and two mode approximations in the neighbourhood of fundamental resonance. The amplitude of the harmonic velocity perturbation is considered as the control parameter. Both period doubling sequence and a sudden transition to chaos of an asymmetric period 2 motion are observed. Above the critical velocity chaos is explained in terms of periodic motion about the equilibrium point shifting to another equilibrium point through a saddle point. Phase plane trajectories, Poincaré maps and time histories are plotted giving the nature of motion. Both single and two mode approximations essentially give the same qualitative behaviour. The stability limits of trivial and nontrivial solutions are obtained by the multiple time scale method and harmonic balance method which are in very good agreement with the numerical results.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Perturbation methods ; stability ; bifurcation ; codimension two ; periodic and quasi-periodic solutions
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract It is shown that the logical bases of the static perturbation method, which is currently used in static bifurcation analysis, can also be applied to dynamic bifurcations. A two-time version of the Lindstedt–Poincaré Method and the Multiple Scale Method are employed to analyze a bifurcation problem of codimension two. It is found that the Multiple Scale Method furnishes, in a straightforward way, amplitude modulation equations equal to normal form equations available in literature. With a remarkable computational improvement, the description of the central manifold is avoided. The Lindstedt–Poincaré Method can also be employed if only steady-state solutions have to be determined. An application is illustrated for a mechanical system subjected to aerodynamic excitation.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Time delay ; stability ; vibration control ; periodic motion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The paper presents analytical and numerical studies of the primary resonance and the 1/3 subharmonic resonance of a harmonically forced Duffing oscillator under state feedback control with a time delay. By using the method of multiple scales, the first order approximations of the resonances are derived and the effect of time delay on the resonances is analyzed. The concept of an equivalent damping related to the delay feedback is proposed and the appropriate choice of the feedback gains and the time delay is discussed from the viewpoint of vibration control. In order to numerically solve the problem of history dependence prior to the start of excitation, the concepts of the Poincaré section and fixed points are generalized. Then, a modified shooting scheme associated with the path following technique is proposed to locate the periodic motion of the delayed system. The numerical results show the efficacy of the first order approximations of the resonances.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Symbolic computation ; stability ; bifurcation ; nonlinear ; time-periodic
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract A new technique is presented for symbolic computation of local stability boundaries and bifurcation surfaces for nonlinear multidimensional time-periodic dynamical systems as an explicit function of the system parameters. This is made possible by the recent development of a symbolic computational algorithm for approximating the parameter-dependent fundamental solution matrix of linear time-periodic systems. By evaluating this matrix at the end of the principal period, the parameter-dependent Floquet Transition Matrix (FTM), or the linear part of the Poincaré map, is obtained. The subsequent use of well-known criteria for the local stability and bifurcation conditions of equilibria and periodic solutions enables one to obtain the equations for the bifurcation surfaces in the parameter space as polynomials of the system parameters. Further, the method may be used in conjunction with a series expansion to obtain perturbation-like expressions for the bifurcation boundaries. Because this method is not based on expansion in terms of a small parameter, it can be successfully applied to periodic systems whose internal excitation is strong. Also, the proposed method appears to be more efficient in terms of cpu time than the truncated point mapping method. Two illustrative example problems, viz., a parametrically excited simple pendulum and a double inverted pendulum subjected to a periodic follower force, are included.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: parametric excitation ; non-linear complex ; stability ; jump phenomena
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The effects of parametric excitation on a traveling beam, both with and without an external harmonic excitation, have been studied including the non-linear terms. Non-linear, complex normal modes have been used for the response analysis. Detailed numerical results are presented to show the effects of non-linearity on the stability of the parametrically excited system. In the presence of both parametric and external harmonic excitations, the response characteristics are found to be similar to that of a Duffing oscillator. The results are sensitive to the relative strengths of and the phase difference between the two forms of excitations.
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