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  • Inorganic Chemistry  (83,670)
  • Seismology
  • Industrial Chemistry
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  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Springer, Berlin
    In:  SUB Göttingen | 8 Z NAT 2148
    Publication Date: 2019-01-29
    Description: Inhaltsverzeichnis : Heft 1 : Walther, C., Trappe, H., Meissner, R.: The detailed velocity structure of the Urach geothermal anomaly . . . 1 ; Lay, T.‚ Young, C. J.: The effect of SKS scattering on models of the shear velocity-structure of the D“ region . . . 11 ; Wilhelm, H.: Spheroidal and torsional global response functions . . . 16 ; Pajunpää, K.: Magnetometer array studies in south-eastern Finland on the Baltic Shield . . . 23 ; Korja, T., Zhang, P., Pajunpää, K.: Magnetovariational and magnetotelluric studies of the Oulu anomaly on the Baltic Shield in Finland . . . 32 ; Wolf, D.: GIacio-isostatic adjustment in Fennoscandia revisited . . . 42 ; Fischer, G., Schnegg, P.-A.: Modelling active audio-magnetotelluric data . . . 49 ; Campbell, W. H., Schiffmacher, E. R.: A comparison of upper mantle subcontinental electrical conductivity for North America, Europe, and Asia . . . 56 ; Kondopoulou, D., Westphal, M.: Paleomagnetism of the tertiary intrusives from Chalkidiki (northern Greece) . . . 62 ; Hayakawa, M., Tanaka, Y., Ohta, K., Okada, T.: Absolute intensity of daytime whistlers at low and middle latitudes and its latitudinal variation . . . 67 ; Kunkel, T., Baumjohann, W., Untiedt, J., Greenwald, R. A.: Electric fields and currents at the Harang discontinuity: a case study . . . 73 ; Erratum . . . 87 ; Book reviews . . . 87 ; Heft 2 : Officer, C.B.: A conceptual model of core dynamics and the earth’s magnetic field . . . 89 ; Roperch, P., Bonhommet, N.: Paleomagnetism of Miocene volcanism from South Syria . . . 98 ; Ádám, A., Duma, G.‚ Gutdeutsch, R.‚ Verὄ, J. and Wallner, Á.: Periadriatic lineament in the Alps studied by magnetotellurics . . . 103 ; Hinzen, K. G.: Comparison of fault-plane solutions and moment tensors . . . 112 ; Granet, M.: A teleseismic study of the Upper Rhinegraben area: array mislocation diagram and 3-D velocity inversions . . . 119 ; Plěsinger, A., Hellweg, M. and Seidl, D.: Interactive high-resolution polarization analysis of broad-band seismograms . . . 129 ; Shimakura, S., Okada, T., Hayakawa, M., and Tanaka, Y.: The relationship between the polarization of whistlers and their dispersion . . . 140 ; Schmeling, H.: A simple statistical model on the degree of interconnection in partially molten rocks . . . 142 ; Book reviews . . . 146 ; Heft 3 : Mandal, B., Mitchell, B. J.: Complete seismogram synthesis for transversely isotropic media . . . 149 ; Kirsch, R., Zschau, J.: The influence of a dilatant region in the Earth’s crust on the Earth tide tilt and strain . . . 157 ; Fiabbel, W., Schuh, H.: The influence of atmospheric loading on VLBI-experiments . . . 164 ; Weidelt, P.: Discrete frequency inequalities for magnetotelluric impedances of one-dimensional conductors . . . 171 ; Dologlou-Revelioti, E.‚ Varotsos, P.: Thermally stimulated currents in rocks . . . 177 ; Weinreich, N., Theyer, F.: Magnetostratigraphy of Neogene equatorial Pacific pelagic sediments . . . 183 ; Behrens, J., Glaßmeier, K.-H.: Deconvolution as a method for the separation of Pi2 pulsations from background field variations . . . 195 ; Laudatio . . . 202 ; Correction . . . 204 ; Book reviews . . . 206 ;
    Description: DGG, DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: research
    Keywords: Geophysik ; Alps ; Broad-band seismology ; Deconvolution ; Deep Sea Drilling Project ; Deformation of earth’s surface ; Dilatancy ; Dynamo theory ; Earth currents ; Earth tides ; Earth’s core ; Earth’s crust ; Earth’s Mantle ; Electrical Conductivity of the Earth ; Electromagnetic Induction ; Fault plane solutions ; Free oscillations of earth ; Geomagnetic pulsations ; Geothermics ; Germany ; Global positioning ; Gräfenberg seismic array ; Greece ; Harang discontinuity ; Inverse problems ; lonospheric electric field ; lsostasy ; Magnetic field of earth ; Magnetometer array studies ; Magnetosphere ; Magnetostratigraphy ; Magnetotellurics ; Pacific ; Paleomagnetism ; Partial melts ; Polar ionosphere ; Polar magnetic substorms ; Rhinegraben ; Rock Physics ; Scandinavia ; Seismics ; Seismic Moment tensor ; Seismic wave propagation ; Seismology ; Synthetic seismograms ; Syria ; Very Long Baseline Interferometry ; Viscosity of earth’s mantle ; Whistlers ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Physika-Verlag, Würzburg
    In:  Herausgeberexemplar | 8 Z NAT 2148
    Publication Date: 2019-08-10
    Description: Dieser Band enthält Artikel zu Themengebieten des Erdmagnetismus und der Ionosphäre, veröffentlicht durch die Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft in dem Jahr 1970.
    Description: DFG, SUB Göttingen, DGG
    Description: 〈ul style="line-height:2;"〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0088.pdf"〉Heft 4〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0089.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0090.pdf"〉Inhaltsverzeichnis〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0091.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0092.pdf"〉Geophysics and Germany, Men and Enterprises (Chapman, S.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0093.pdf"〉Investigation of the Auroral Electrojet (Heinrich, H., Reimer, D., Siemann, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0095.pdf"〉Plasmamessungen im Polarlicht-Elektrojet und daraus erschlossene elektrische Felder (Kist, R., Spenner, K.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0097.pdf"〉Polarisationsmessungen an künstlichen Bariumwolken (Möller, G. F., Haser, L.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0098.pdf"〉Der Forschungssatellit AZUR (Keppler, E.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0101.pdf"〉Crustal Structure of the Western United States from Seismic-Refraction Measurements in Comparison with Central European Results (Prodehl, C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0105.pdf"〉MARS 66. Eine Magnetbandapparatur für seismische Tiefensondierung (Berckheimer, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0109.pdf"〉Recordings with Askania Gravimeters Before and After Important Earthquakes (Kizawa, T.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0111.pdf"〉Ergänzung zu "In memoriam Otto Lucke" (Heft 6/1969, S. 6-8) (Fanselau, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0112.pdf"〉[Werbung]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈/ul〉
    Description: research
    Keywords: e-docs::Geologische Wissenschaften ; Erdmagnetismus ; Geomagnetismus ; Geophysik ; Ionosphäre ; Ionosphere ; Seismik ; Seismology ; Strahlung ; Wellen ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: German , English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Physika-Verlag, Würzburg
    In:  Herausgeberexemplar | 8 Z NAT 2148
    Publication Date: 2019-08-10
    Description: Dieser Band enthält Artikel zu Themengebieten der Geophysik, veröffentlicht durch die Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft in dem Jahr 1970.
    Description: DFG, SUB Göttingen, DGG
    Description: 〈ul style="line-height:2;"〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0113.pdf"〉Heft 5〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0114.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0115.pdf"〉Inhaltsverzeichnis〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0116.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0117.pdf"〉A Possible Scattering Mechanism for Lunar Seismic Waves (Berckhemer, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0119.pdf"〉On the Determination of Velocity Depth Distributions of Elastic Waves from the Dynamic Characteristics of the Reflected Wave Field (Fuchs, K.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0125.pdf"〉Auswertung seeseismischer Messungen mit einer digitalen Methode unter Anwendung der Theorie der Schallwellenausbreitung im Flachwasser (Kind, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0128.pdf"〉On Chemical Magnetization in Some Permian Lava Flows of Southern Norway (Storetvedt, K. M., Petersen, N.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0132.pdf"〉Auswertung von Gravimeter-Messungen in der Münchberger Gneismasse längs eines Profils von Konradsreuth nach Niederlamitz (Soffel, H., Peters, K.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0133.pdf"〉Deutung der Schwereanomalien im Nördlinger Ries (Kahle, H.-G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0135.pdf"〉Eine Methode zur direkten Bestimmung der sogenannten "Geometrischen Tortuosität" (Bitterlich, W., Wöbking, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0137.pdf"〉Observations With Synchronously-Offset Beams on a 77 km path at 1.8 and 4 cm (Jeske, H., Seehars, H. D., Pucher, G., Cassebaum, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0139.pdf"〉Scattering of Seismic Waves and Lunar Seismograms (Strobach, K.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0140.pdf"〉Berechnung eines Stromsystems in der Polaren E-Region (Czechowsky, P.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0141.pdf"〉Mitteilung〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0142.pdf"〉Buchbesprechungen (Zürn, W., Seiler, E., Theile, B., Diem, Walk, )〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN101433392X_0036/LOG_0143.pdf"〉[Werbung]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈/ul〉
    Description: research
    Keywords: Geophysik ; Erdmagnetismus ; Geomagnetismus ; Gravitation ; Gravimetrie ; Seismik ; Seismology ; Strahlung ; Wellen ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: German , English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Springer, Berlin
    In:  SUB Göttingen | 8 Z NAT 2148:61
    Publication Date: 2019-08-10
    Description: Dieser Band enthält 57 Artikel zu Themengebieten der Seismologie, Erdmagnetismus und Gesteinsphysik veröffentlicht durch die Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft in dem Jahr 1987.
    Description: DGG, DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: 〈ul style="line-height:2;"〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0004.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0005.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0006.pdf"〉Author Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0007.pdf"〉Subject Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0008.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0009.pdf"〉[Inhaltsverzeichnis] Number 1〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0010.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0011.pdf"〉A realation between continental heat flow and the seismic reflectivity of the lower crust (Klemperer, Simon L.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0012.pdf"〉Analytical model calculations for heat exchange in a confined aquifer (Schulz, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0013.pdf"〉A paleomagnetic cross-section through the Ardenne and the Brabant Massifs (France-Belgium) (Edel, J. B., Coulon, M.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0014.pdf"〉A magnetotelluric study in the Campidano Graben of Sardinia (Schnegg, P.-A., Fischer, G., Le Quang, B. V., Ranieri, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0016.pdf"〉Observation of correlated ULF fluctuations in the geomagnetic field and in the phase path of ionospheric HF soundings (Watermann, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0017.pdf"〉Apparent and intrinsic Q: the one -dimensional case (Görich, U., Müller, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0018.pdf"〉Linearized scattering of surface waves on a spherical Earth (Snieder, Ræl, Nolet, Guust)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0019.pdf"〉Palaeomagnetism of sedimentary rocks of the uppermost Cretaceous from the oases of Dakhla and Kharga in the western desert of Eqypt (Saradeth, S., Soffel, H., Schult, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0020.pdf"〉In memoriam Herbert Lennartz (1916 - 1986) (Schick, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0021.pdf"〉Stable inversions of MAGSAT data over the geomagnetic equator by means of ridge regression (Lötter, C. J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0022.pdf"〉Aqueous maghemitization of titanomagnetite (Brown, Kristen, O’Reilly, W.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0023.pdf"〉Paleomagnetic study of upper carboniferous volcanics from Sudets (Poland) (Westphal, M., Edel, J.-B., Kadzialko-Hofmokl, M., Jelenska, M., Grocholski, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0025.pdf"〉Audiomagnetotelluric sounding using the Schumann resonances (Tzanis, A., Beamish, D.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0026.pdf"〉Two-dimensional modelling of a towed transient magnetic dipole-dipole sea floor EM system (Edwards, R. N., Cheesman, S. J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0028.pdf"〉Systematics of arc-associated electric fields and currents as inferred from radar backscatter measurements (Timofeev, E. E., Vallinkoski, M. K., Kozelova, T. V., Yahnin, A. G., Pellinen, R. J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0029.pdf"〉Book reviews (Tönnies, V., Schröder, D.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0030.pdf"〉An upper bound on lithosphere thickness from glacio-isostatic adjustment in Fennoscandia (Wolf, Detlef)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0031.pdf"〉Statistical investigations on diurnal and annual periodicity and on tidal triggering of local earthquakes in Central Europe (Ulbrich, U., Ahorner, L., Ebel, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0032.pdf"〉Surface harmonic expansion methodology in restricted domains of the Earth's surface - application to the Indian Ocean (Lana, Xavier, Carbonell, Ramon)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0033.pdf"〉Simple algorithms for vertical seismic profiling in transversely isotropic media (Ha, Joseph)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0034.pdf"〉The canonical decomposition and its relationship to other froms of magnetotelluric impedance tensor analysis (Yee, E., Paulson, K. V.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0035.pdf"〉Canonical decomposition of the telluric transfer tensor (Yee, E., Paulson, K. V.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0061/LOG_0036.pdf"〉Book reviews (Berckhemer, H., Müller, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈/ul〉
    Description: research
    Keywords: Apparent Polar Wandering ; Asthenosphere ; Attenuation of Seismic Waves ; Audiomagnetotellurics ; Auroral arc ; Crustal Structure ; Earthquakes ; Electromagnetic Induction ; Geomagnetic Field ; Geomagnetic Variations ; Geothermics ; Heat Flow ; Inversion Theory ; Ionosphere ; Lateral Heterogeneity ; Lithosphere ; Magnetotellurics ; Magnetic Minerals ; MAGSAT Data ; Paleomagnetism ; Postglacial Uplift ; Potential Theory ; Radar Backscatter ; Remagnetization ; Rock Magnetism ; Sea Floor ; Seismic Surface Waves ; Seismology ; Spherical Harmonics ; Tellurics ; Tidal Triggering ; Transient Induction Response ; Vertical Seismic Profiling ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: German , English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Springer, Berlin
    In:  SUB Göttingen | 8 Z NAT 2148:40
    Publication Date: 2019-08-10
    Description: Dieser Band enthält 134 Artikel zu Themengebieten der Seismologie, Erdmagnetismus und Gesteinsphysik veröffentlicht durch die Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft in dem Jahr 1974.
    Description: DGG, DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: 〈ul style="line-height:2;"〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0004.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0005.pdf"〉Author Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0006.pdf"〉Subject Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0007.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0008.pdf"〉Contents Number 1〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0009.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0010.pdf"〉Seegravimetrie (Fleischer, U.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0014.pdf"〉Statistical analysis of the pitch angle distribution of magnetospheric solar protons during geomagnetic activity (Scholer, M., Morfill, G., Hovestadt, D.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0016.pdf"〉Viscosity-depth-structure of different tectonic units and possible consequences for the upper part of converging plates (Meissner, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0017.pdf"〉Die Magnetisierung von Bohrkernen aus einem Serpentinit-Vorkommen bei Erbendorf (Oberpfalz) (Schult, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0018.pdf"〉Estimates of in situ thermal diffusivity of the Ore-Bearing Rocks in some drillholes in the Skellefte Field (N. Sweden) using the annual temperature wave (Parasnis, D. S.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0019.pdf"〉Geophysical exploration for groundwater in the Lusaka District, Republic of Zambia (Töpfer, K.D., Legg, C. A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0021.pdf"〉Neuere Versuche zum Dipol-Induktionsverfahren (Leppin, M.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0022.pdf"〉A field evaluation of Caner's broad-band geomagnetic induction instrumentation (Dragert, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0025.pdf"〉Seismic noise at 2 Hz in Europe (Plešinger, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0026.pdf"〉Crustal structure under the Ionian Sea (Weigel, W.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0027.pdf"〉Instructions to Authors〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0028.pdf"〉Heat-Flow Measurements in Swiss Lakes (Von Herzen, R. P.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0029.pdf"〉Makroseismische Abschätzungen von Herdparametern österreichischer Erdbeben aus den Jahren 1905 - 1973 (Franke, A., Gutdeutsch, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0030.pdf"〉Long range propagation of seismic energy in the lower lithosphere (Kind, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0033.pdf"〉Palaeomagnetism of tertiary volcanic rocks from the Ethiopian southern plateau and the Danakil Block (Schult, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0034.pdf"〉Calculation of the shape and position of the last closed field line boundary and the coordinates of the magnetopause neutral points in a theoretical magnetospheric field model (Voigt, G.-H.))〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0037.pdf"〉Doppler shift of auroral backscatter signals (Czechowsky, P.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0038.pdf"〉Spherical harmonic analysis of the DS-field during magnetic storms (Schreiber, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0041.pdf"〉Note on determining hourly mean values (Larsen, J. C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0042.pdf"〉Seismic observations in Germany of a 10 t explosion off Scotland (Bonjer, K.-P., Kaminski, W., Kind, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0044.pdf"〉A method to reduce the measuring time for spinner magnetometers (Hummervoll, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0045.pdf"〉Book Reviews (Mayer, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0046.pdf"〉Transverse plasma waves in the solar wind close to the proton gyrofrequency (Rehn, H. W.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0047.pdf"〉Die magnetische Anomalie der Ivreazone (Albert, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0052.pdf"〉Second meeting of the European Geophysical Society〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0053.pdf"〉On a high-frequency method for the measurement of susceptibilities and hysteresis losses of rocks and minerals between nitrogen temperature and 700 °C (Markert, H., Trissl, K.-H., Zimmermann, G. J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0054.pdf"〉Kinetics of oxidation processes in titanomagnetites (Kropáček, V.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0056.pdf"〉Ultra sound absorption measurements in rock samples at low temperatures (Herminghaus, Ch., Berckhemer, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0058.pdf"〉Recordings with the Askania borehole tiltmeter (vertical pendulum) in the frequency range of earth's free oscillations (Flach, D., Große-Brauckmann, W.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0060.pdf"〉Heat flow measurements in northern Italy and heat flow maps of Europe (Haenel, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0062.pdf"〉Die Bestimmung der Transmissivität von Grundwasserleitern aus dem Einschwingverhalten des Brunnen-Grundwasserleitersystems (Krauss, I.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0063.pdf"〉Symposium on "Geomagnetic Anomalies, Rock Magnetism and Petrography" (Hahn, A., Hall, D. H., Dunlop, D. J., Kobayashi, Kazuo, Nomura, Masafumi, Lidiak, E. G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0090.pdf"〉The AEROS mission (Lämmerzahl, P., Bauer, S. J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0091.pdf"〉The AEROS-EUV Spectrometer (Schmidtke, G., Schweizer, W., Knothe, M.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0092.pdf"〉The retarding potential analyzer on AEROS-B (Spenner, K., Dumbs, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0094.pdf"〉Impedance probe. The AEROS-B electron density experiment (Neske, E., Kist, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0095.pdf"〉The AEROS neutral and ion mass-spectrometer (Krankowsky, D., Lämmerzahl, P., Bonner, F., Wieder, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0096.pdf"〉The neural atmosphere temperature experiment (Spencer, N. W., Pelz, D. T., Niemann, H. B.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0097.pdf"〉Atmospheric drag analysis with the AEROS Satellite (Roemer, Max, Wulf-Mathies, Carsten)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0098.pdf"〉Electromagnetic reflections in salt deposits (Thierbach, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0100.pdf"〉The structure of the Ries crater from geoelectric depth soundings (Ernstson, K.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0102.pdf"〉Measurements of magnetic total field anomalies in the Hon Graben, Libya (Schult, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0103.pdf"〉Correction〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0104.pdf"〉Book reviews (Theile, B.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0105.pdf"〉Interplanetary magnetic fields and the propagation of cosmic rays (Wibberenz, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0106.pdf"〉Intensity and energy spectrum of electrons accelerated in the earth's bow shock (Anderson, K. A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0107.pdf"〉Evidence from particle precipitation of two-way-convection in auroral latitudes (Hultqvist, B.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0110.pdf"〉Investigation of electron dynamics in the magnetosphere with electron beams injected from sounding rockets (Winckler, J. R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0113.pdf"〉Cosmic ray electrons in the atmosphere (Fulks, G., Meyer, P.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0114.pdf"〉Cosmic rays underground and the interplanetary magnetic field (Regener, Victor H., Regener, Eric)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0115.pdf"〉Harmonic temperature waves in a horizontally layered medium (Mundry, E.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0118.pdf"〉No transform faults on the moon (Stegena, L., Bérczi, Sz.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0121.pdf"〉Dominating trends of the anomalies of the gravity and magnetic fields in NE France and SW Germany (Edel, J. B.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0040/LOG_0122.pdf"〉Book Reviews (Strobach, K., Petersen, Nikolai)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈/ul〉
    Description: research
    Keywords: Aeronomy ; AEROS (satellite) ; Africa ; Alps ; Applied Geophysics ; Aurora ; Austria ; Bow Shock of Earth ; Canada ; Cosmic Rays ; Crustal Structure ; Earthquakes ; Europe ; France ; Free Oscillation of Earth ; Geoelectrics ; Geomagnetic Anomalies ; Geomagnetic Deep Sounding ; Geomagnetic Secular Variation ; Geomagnetic Time Variations ; Gravity Anomalies ; Gravity ; Geothermics ; Germany ; Great Britain ; Heat Flow ; Hydrology ; Interplanetary Magnetic Field ; Ionian Sea ; Ionosphere ; Italy ; Lunar Seismology ; Lunar Tectonism ; Macquarie-Inseln ; Magnetosphere ; Mantle of Earth ; Marine Geophysics ; Pacific Ocean ; Paleomagnetism ; Particle Acceleration ; Plasma Waves ; Radio Waves ; Ries Crater ; Rock Magnetism ; Rock Physics ; Salt Deposits ; Seismic Deep Sounding ; Seismic Noise ; Seismic Refraction Measurements ; Seismic Wave Absorption ; Seismology ; Solar EUV Radiation ; Solar Wind ; Switzerland ; Tectonophysics ; Tiltmeter ; United States ; USSR ; Viscosity of Earth ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: German , English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 6
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    Springer, Berlin
    In:  Herausgeberexemplar | 8 Z NAT 2148:60
    Publication Date: 2019-10-25
    Description: Dieser Band enthält 26 Artikel zu Themengebieten der Geophysik, veröffentlicht durch die Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft in dem Jahr 1986.
    Description: DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: 〈ul style="line-height:2;"〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0004.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0005.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0006.pdf"〉Author Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0007.pdf"〉Subject Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0008.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0009.pdf"〉[Inhaltsverzeichnis] Number 1〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0010.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0011.pdf"〉Investigation of the velocity- and Q-structure of the lowermost mantle using 〈i〉PcP〈/i〉/〈i〉P〈/i〉 amplitude ratios from arrays at distances of 70°–84° (Schlittenhardt, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0014.pdf"〉Fast plane-wave and single-shot migration by Fourier transform (Temme, P., Müller, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0015.pdf"〉A method of calculating lithosphere thickness from observations of deglacial land uplift and tilt (Wolf, D.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0016.pdf"〉Volcanoes, fountains, earthquakes, and continental motion – What causes them? (Kundt, W., Jessner, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0017.pdf"〉Magnetic properties and oxidation experiments with synthetic olivines (Fe〈sub〉χ〈/sub〉Mg〈sub〉1–χ〈/sub〉)〈sub〉2〈/sub〉SiO〈sub〉4〈/sub〉, 0≦χ≦1 (Hoffmann, V., Soffel, H.C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0018.pdf"〉Magnetic mineralogy of basalts from El-Bahnasa and Tahna, Egypt (Wassif, N.A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0020.pdf"〉On the use of line current analogues in geomagnetic depth sounding (Jones, A.G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0021.pdf"〉Observations of the VLF quiet band phenomenon (Matthews, J.P.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0022.pdf"〉In memoriam Gustav Adolf Schulze (1911–1986) (Dürschner, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0023.pdf"〉Book reviews (Berckhemer, H., Dieminger, W., Engelhard, L.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0024.pdf"〉Hydromagnetic waves at low latitudes: a symposium review from the fifth IAGA assembly (Fraser, B.J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0025.pdf"〉Generation and propagation mechanisms of low-latitude magnetic pulsations – A review (Yumoto, K.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0026.pdf"〉Experimental aspects of low-latitude pulsations - A review (Verö, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0027.pdf"〉GRF broad-band array analysis of the 1982 Miramichi, New Brunswick earthquake sequence (Basham, P.W., Kind, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0028.pdf"〉Rockmagnetism and palaeomagnetism of an early Cretaceous/Late Jurassic dike swarm in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil (Bücker, C., Schult, A., Bloch, W., Guerreiro, S.D.C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0029.pdf"〉Second Conference on Scientific Ocean Drilling (COSOD II)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0030.pdf"〉Book reviews (Jentzsch, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0031.pdf"〉Deep-seated lateral velocity variations beneath the GRF array inferred from mislocation patterns and P residuals (Faber, S., Plomerová, J., Babuška, V.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0034.pdf"〉Lateral variations of the structure of the crust-mantle boundary from conversions of teleseismic 〈i〉P〈/i〉 waves (Qiyuan, L., Kind, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0035.pdf"〉Cross spectral analysis of Swabian Jura (SW Germany) three-component microearthquake recordings (Scherbaum, F., Wendler, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0036.pdf"〉The retrieval of the seismic moment tensor from first-order perturbation theory and generation of compatible models (Lana, X., Correig, A.M.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0037.pdf"〉Impulsive processes in the magnetotail during substorm expansion (Sergeev, V.A., Bösinger, T., Lui, A.T.Y)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0038.pdf"〉Spatial and temporal characteristics of impulsive structure of magnetospheric substorm (Sergeev, V.A., Pellinen, R.J., Bösinger, T., Baumjohann, W., Stauning, P., Lui, A.T.Y.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0039.pdf"〉Seismic signal velocity in absorbing media (Schmidt, T., Müller, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0040.pdf"〉In memoriam Nachruf Professor Ludwig Biermann (Treffitz, E.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0060/LOG_0041.pdf"〉Book Reviews (Korn, M.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈/ul〉
    Description: research
    Keywords: Earthquakes ; Earth's Mantle ; Geomagnetic Pulsations ; Germany ; Inverse Problems ; Magnetosphere ; Rock Magnetism ; Seismology ; Seismograms ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Springer, Berlin
    In:  Herausgeberexemplar | 8 Z NAT 2148:56
    Publication Date: 2019-10-25
    Description: Dieser Band enthält 26 Artikel zu Themengebieten der Geophysik, veröffentlicht durch die Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft in dem Jahr 1985.
    Description: DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: 〈ul style="line-height:2;"〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0004.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0005.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0006.pdf"〉Author Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0007.pdf"〉Subject Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0008.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0009.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0010.pdf"〉Archaeomagnetic Study of Medieval Fireplaces at Mannheim-Wallstadt and Ovens from Herrenchiemsee (Southern Germany) and the Problem of Magnetic Refraction (Schurr, K., Becker, H., Soffel, H.C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0012.pdf"〉Frequency Dependence of 〈i〉Q〈/i〉 for Seismic Body Waves in the Earth's Mantle (Ulug, A., Berckhemer, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0013.pdf"〉The Polarization of S Waves in a Heterogeneous Isotropic Earth Model (Cormier, V. F.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0014.pdf"〉The Relaxation of Spherical and Flat Maxwell Earth Models and Effects Due to the Presence of the Lithosphere (Wolf, D.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0015.pdf"〉Plasma-Gas Interactions in Planetary Atmospheres and Their Relevance for the Terrestrial Hydrogen Budget (Nass, H. U., Fahr, H. J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0016.pdf"〉Increased Ionospheric Absorption Connected With Pc 1 Pulsations after Geomagnetic Storms (Märcz, F.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0017.pdf"〉Some Aspects of Whistler Duct Lifetimes at Low Latitudes (Lalmani)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0018.pdf"〉On a Mixed Quadratic Invariant of the Magnetic Susceptibility Tensor (Jelinek, V.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0019.pdf"〉In Memoriam Hans Closs (1907 – 1982) (Dürbaum, H.-J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0020.pdf"〉In Memoriam Herbert Flathe (1919 – 1983) (Homilius, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0021.pdf"〉Book Reviews (Böhmel, H., Doan, D., Strobach, K., Jentzsch, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0022.pdf"〉Crustal Structure Beneath the Swabian Jura, SW Germany, from Seismic Refraction Investigations (Gajewski, D., Prodehl, C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0024.pdf"〉Static Deformations and Gravity Changes at the Earth's Surface Due to Atmospheric Loading (Rabbel, W., Zschau, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0026.pdf"〉The Normal Modes of a Uniform, Compressible Maxwell Half-Space (Wolf, D.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0027.pdf"〉Magnetic Expression of the Continent-Ocean Boundary Between the Western Margin of Australia and the Eastern Indian Ocean (Veevers, J. J., Tayton, J. W., Johnson, B. D., Hansen, L.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0031.pdf"〉Domain State of Ti-Rich Titanomagnetites Deduced from Domain Structure Observations and Susceptibility Measurements (Appel, E., Soffel, H. C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0032.pdf"〉Large-Scale Studies of Pi-2's Associated with Auroral Breakups (Samson, J. C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0033.pdf"〉Book Reviews (1 Seite)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0034.pdf"〉Source Orientation from Grid Test and Synthetic Seismograms and an Application to the Ibbenbüren Earthquake of July 1981 (Hinzen, K.-G., Krummel, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0035.pdf"〉Active Seismic Layers and Crustal Structure in Some Italian Regions (Cassinis, R., Mazzoni, P., Ranzoni, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0037.pdf"〉Nonlinear Inversion of Local Seismic Travel Times for the Simultaneous Determination of the 3D-Velocity Structure and Hypocentres – Application to the Seismic Zone Vrancea (Koch, M.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0038.pdf"〉The Relationship Between the Magnetic Anisotropy and the 〈i〉c〈/i〉-Axis Fabric in a Massive Hematite Ore (Hrouda, F., Siemes, H., Herres, N., Hennig-Michaeli, C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0040.pdf"〉The Inverse Scattering Problem for Reflection of Electromagnetic Dipole Radiation From Earth With Vertical Variation (Vidberg, H. J., Riska, D. O.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0041.pdf"〉The Method of Integral Equation in the Direct Current Resistivity Method and its Accuracy (Schulz, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0042.pdf"〉Stochastic Ion Acceleration by Coherent Electrostatic Waves (Varvoglis, H., Papadopoulos, K.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0056/LOG_0043.pdf"〉Book Reviews (Dieminger, W., Brüstle, W.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈/ul〉
    Description: research
    Keywords: Aurora ; Earthquakes ; Earth's Crust ; Earth's Mantle ; Geomagnetic Pulsations ; Rock Magnetism ; Seismology ; Seismograms ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Springer, Berlin
    In:  Herausgeberexemplar | 8 Z NAT 2148:51
    Publication Date: 2019-10-25
    Description: Dieser Band enthält 30 Artikel zu Themengebieten der Geophysik, insbesondere zu Aspekten des Erdmagnetismus und der Seismik, veröffentlicht durch die Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft in dem Jahr 1982.
    Description: DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: 〈ul style="line-height:2;"〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0004.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0005.pdf"〉[Inhalt] Number 1〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0006.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0007.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0008.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0009.pdf"〉Author Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0010.pdf"〉Subject Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0011.pdf"〉〈sup〉40〈/sup)Ar–〈sup〉39〈/sup〉Ar Ages of Rocks and Glasses from the Nördlinger Ries Crater and the Temperature History of Impact Breccias (Staudacher, T., Jessberger, E. K., Dominik, B., Kirsten, T., Schaeffer, O. A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0012.pdf"〉Tectonic Inferences of Paleomagnetic Data from Some Mesozoic Formations in Central Iran (Wensink, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0013.pdf"〉Palaeomagnetic Results from Lower Paleozoic Diabases and Pillow Lavas from the Frankenwald Area (Northwestern Edge of the Bohemian Massif) (Kim, In-Soo, Soffel, H. C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0014.pdf"〉Palaeomagnetism of Quaternary Volcanics of the East-Eifel, Germany (Böhnel, H., Kohnen, H., Negendank, J., Schmincke, H.-U.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0016.pdf"〉The Effect of Young Oceanic Regions on Frequencies and Damping of free Oscillations of the Earth (Roult, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0017.pdf"〉Altitude Characteristics of Radar Aurora as Seen by a 90-MHz Double-Altitude Radar System Operated at Karmaselga, Karelia (Timofeev, E., Miroshnikov, Y.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0018.pdf"〉Observations of Ionospheric and Field-Aligned Currents in the Late Afternoon Sector with Triad and the Scandinavian Magnetometer Array (Sulzbacher, H., Baumjohann, W., Potemra, T. A., Nielsen, E., Gustafsson, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0019.pdf"〉Adiabatic Invariant of the Non-Relativistic Particles in the Field of a Shock Wave (Chirkov, A. G., Khodjaev, S. D., Shatalov, S. D., Vasiliyev, V. N.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0020.pdf"〉Comparative Interpretation of Explosion Seismic Data (Ansorge, J., Prodehl, C., Bamford, D.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0022.pdf"〉The Intercept-Time Method – Possibilities and Limitations (Pavlenkova, N. I.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0025.pdf"〉Linearized Solutions of Kinematic Problems of Seismic Body Waves in Inhomogeneous Slightly Anisotropic Media (Červený, V., Jech, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0026.pdf"〉Source Parameters of Mine Tremors in the Eastern Part of the Ruhr-District (West-Germany) (Hinzen, K.-G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0027.pdf"〉Ferromagnetic Resonance 〈I〉g〈/i〉-Factor Measurement on LUNA 20 Soil (Frait, Z., Cimbálníková, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0028.pdf"〉Observation of Guided ULF-Waves Correlated with Auroral Particle Precipitation Theoretically Explained by Negative Landau Damping (Klöcker, N.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0029.pdf"〉Ground – Satellite Correlative Study of a Giant Pulsation Event (Hillebrand, O., Münch, J., McPherron, R. L.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0030.pdf"〉Average Diurnal Variations of the Intensity of Geomagnetic Pulsations in the Period Ranges of pc 2–pc 5 Observed at Fürstenfeldbruck During the Years 1960–1971 (Korschunow, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0031.pdf"〉Dispersion Effect in Earth Tide Parameters? (Wilhelm, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0032.pdf"〉Comments on “Palaeomagnetism of Upper Cretaceous Volcanics and Nubian Sandstones of Wadi Natash, SE Egypt and Implications for the Polar Wander Path for Africa in the Mesozoic” (Schult, A., Hussain, A. G., Soffel, H. C.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0033.pdf"〉Book Reviews (Buntebarth, G., Stegena, L.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0034.pdf"〉Amplitude study of the 〈i〉Pg〈/i〉 Phase (Banda, E., Deichmann, N., Braile, L. W., Ansorge, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0035.pdf"〉Analysis of Broad-Band Rayleigh Waves: A Possibility for Seismic Discrimination (Hanka, W.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0038.pdf"〉Shear Fracture Development and Seismic Regime in Pyrophyllite Specimens with Soft Inclusions (Sobolev, G., Rummel, F.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0039.pdf"〉The Shape of the Geomagnetic Field Through the Last 8,500 Years Over Part of the Northern Hemisphere (Creer, K. M., Tucholka, P.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0040.pdf"〉The Induced Effects of Geomagnetic Variations in the Equatorial Region (Carlo, L., Singh, B. P., Rastogi, R. G., Agrarwal, A. K.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0041.pdf"〉Parameter Trade-Off in One-Dimensional Magnetotelluric Modelling (Fischer, G., Le Quang, B. V.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0042.pdf"〉A Theory of Forced Magnetohydrodynamic Waves (Krummheuer, F.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0043.pdf"〉Pi2 Magnetic Pulsations, Auroral Break-ups, and the Substorm Current Wedge: A Case Study (Pashin, A. B., Glaßmeier, K. H., Baumjohann, W., Raspopov, O. M., Yahnin, A. G., Opgenoorth, H. J., Pellinen, R. J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0045.pdf"〉In Memoriam Haakon Brækken 14 April 1902 – 2 Juli 1982 (Saxov, S.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0051/LOG_0046.pdf"〉Book Reviews (Jacoby, W. R., Jentzsch, G., Spohn, T., Engelhard, L., Christensen, U.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈/ul〉
    Description: research
    Keywords: Aurora ; Geomagnetic Pulsations ; Paleomagnetism ; Paläomagnetismus ; Satellites ; Seismologie ; Seismology ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Springer, Berlin
    In:  Herausgeberexemplar | 8 Z NAT 2148:52
    Publication Date: 2019-10-25
    Description: Dieser Band enthält 34 Artikel zu Themengebieten der Geophysik, veröffentlicht durch die Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft in dem Jahr 1983.
    Description: DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: 〈ul style="line-height:2;"〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0004.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0005.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0006.pdf"〉Author Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0007.pdf"〉Subject Index〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0008.pdf"〉Titelseite〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0009.pdf"〉[Inhalt] Number 1〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0010.pdf"〉[Impressum]〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0011.pdf"〉On Systematic Errors in Phase-Velocity Analysis (Wielandt, E., Schenk, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0012.pdf"〉The Upper Mantle Structure Under South-East Europe Derived from GRF Broadband Records of Greek Earthquakes (Rademacher, H, Odom, R. I., Kind, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0013.pdf"〉Seismic Velocities of Granulites from the Seiland Petrographic Province, N. Norway: Implications for Scandinavian Lower Continental Crust (Chroston, P. N., Evans, C. J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0014.pdf"〉Inductive Coupling Between Idealized Conductors and Its Significance for the Geomagnetic Coast Effect (Wolf, D.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0015.pdf"〉VHF Radar Observations of Wind Velocities at the Arecibo Observatory (Röttger, J., Czechowsky, P., Rüster, R., Schmidt, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0016.pdf"〉Spatial Variations of Ionospheric Conductivity and Radar Auroral Amplitude in the Eastward Electrojet Region During Pre-Substorm Conditions (Uspensky, M. V., Pellinen, R. J., Baumjohann, W., Starkov, G. V., Nielsen, E., Sofko, G., Kaila, K. U.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0019.pdf"〉On the Dependence of Radar Aurora Amplitude on Ionospheric Electron Density (Starkov, G. V., Oksman, J., Uspensky, M. V., Kustov, A. V.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0020.pdf"〉A Possibility to Distinguish Between Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Origin of Low Latitude Magnetic Perturbations (Papamastorakis, I., Haerendel, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0021.pdf"〉An Analogue Model of the Geomagnetic Induction in the South Indian Ocean (Papamastorakis, I., Haerendel, G.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0022.pdf"〉Book Review (Klever, N.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0023.pdf"〉Investigations of the Internal Geomagnetic Field by Means of a Global Model of the Earth's Crust (Meyer, J., Hufen, J.-H., Sichert, M., Hahn, A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0025.pdf"〉A Palaeointensity Method for Use with Highly Oxidised Basalts, and Application to Some Permian Volcanics (Senanayake, W. E., McElhinny, M. W.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0027.pdf"〉Comparison of Errors in Local and Reference Estimates of the Magnetotelluric Impedance Tensor (Kröger, P., Micheel, H. J., Elsner, R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0028.pdf"〉Discrete Chorus Emissions Recorded at Nainital (Khosa, P. N., Lalmani, Ahmad, M. M.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0029.pdf"〉Evidence for Lamination in the Lower Continental Crust Beneath the Black Forest (Southwestern Germany) (Deichmann, N., Ansorge, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0030.pdf"〉FENNOLORA Recordings at NORSAR (Mereu, R. F., Mykkeltveit, S., Husebye, E. S.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0032.pdf"〉Earth's Flattening Effect on the Tidal Forcing Field (Wilhelm, H.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0033.pdf"〉Some Results of Calibration Factor Determination of LaCoste and Romberg Gravity Meters (Model D) (Götze, H.-J., Meurers, B.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0034.pdf"〉Ocean Tides and Periodic Variations of the Earth's Rotation (Baader, H.-R., Brosche, P., Hövel, W.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0035.pdf"〉In Memoriam Anton Graf (1901–1981) (Rosenbach, O., Gauthier, W.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0036.pdf"〉In Memoriam Jürgen Henning Illies March 14, 1924 – August 2, 1982 (Fuchs, K.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0037.pdf"〉Book Reviews (Spohn, T., Jacoby, W. R.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0038.pdf"〉Preface (Hovestadt, D., Untiedt, J.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0039.pdf"〉Global Pattern of Auroral Ion Precipitation: A Review of the Results from the AUREOLE-1 and AUREOLE-2 Satellites (Crasnier, J., Sauvaud, J. A., Cambou, F., Gladyshev, V. A., Kovrazhkin, R. A., Galperin, Yu. I.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0040.pdf"〉A Technique for Studying Density Gradients and Motions of Plasmaspheric Irregularities (Jones, D.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0041.pdf"〉Heavy Ion Plasmas in the Outer Magnetosphere (Young, D. T.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0042.pdf"〉Energetic Particle Signatures Near Magnetospheric Boundaries (Scholer, M.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0043.pdf"〉Recent ISEE Observations of the Magnetopause and Low Latitude Boundary Layer: A Review (Saunders, M. A.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0044.pdf"〉Motion of Flux Transfer Events on 10 November 1977 Determined by Energetic Particles on ISEE 2 (Daly, P. W., Keppler, E.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0045.pdf"〉On the Dynamics of the Ring Current (Hultqvist, B.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0046.pdf"〉Ionic Composition of the Earth's Radiation Belts (Spjeldvik, W. N.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0047.pdf"〉Energy and Charge Distribution of Energetic Helium Ions in the Outer Radiation Belt of the Earth (Klecker, B., Hovestadt, D., Scholer, M., Gloeckler, G., Ipavich, F. M., Fan, C. Y.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈li〉〈a href="https://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/download/pdf/PPN1015067948_0052/LOG_0049.pdf"〉High Energy Electrons at Altitudes 500 km Near the Equator (Just, L., Kudela, K., Gusev, A. A., Pugacheva, G. I.)〈/a〉〈/li〉 〈/ul〉
    Description: research
    Keywords: Aurora ; Black Forest ; Earth's Crust ; Geomagnetism ; India ; Magnetosphere ; Seismics ; Seismology ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-10-28
    Description: Abstract
    Description: SMARTIE1 is a joint seismological experiment of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Leipzig University. We installed in total 36 seismic stations as ring-like and profile-like measurements near to a single wind turbine (WT) at the Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology (ICT) in Pfinztal, SW Germany, for 21 days. The main goals of this project are a better understanding of a single WT as a seismic source and the development of propagation models for the WT-induced seismic signals, depending on the geological properties. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code X8 (under CC-BY 4.0 license according to GIPP-rules), and are embargoed until Jan 2020.
    Keywords: Broadband seismic waveforms ; Seismology ; temporary local seismic experiment ; induced seismic signals ; wind turbine ; Monitoring system ; Seismological stations
    Type: Other , Seismic Network
    Format: ~1T
    Format: SEED data
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2018-01-12
    Description: Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2017. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here under a nonexclusive, irrevocable, paid-up, worldwide license granted to WHOI. It is made available for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Tectonophysics 721 (2017): 143-150, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2017.10.003.
    Description: The 2006 Mw 7.8 Java earthquake was a tsunami earthquake, exhibiting frequency-dependent seismic radiation along strike. High-frequency global back-projection results suggest two distinct rupture stages. The first stage lasted ~65 s with a rupture speed of ~1.2 km/s, while the second stage lasted from ~65 to 150 s with a rupture speed of ~2.7 km/s. High-frequency radiators resolved with back-projection during the second stage spatially correlate with splay fault traces mapped from residual free-air gravity anomalies. These splay faults also colocate with a major tsunami source associated with the earthquake inferred from tsunami first-crest back-propagation simulation. These correlations suggest that the splay faults may have been reactivated during the Java earthquake, as has been proposed for other tsunamigenic earthquakes, such as the 1944 Mw 8.1 Tonankai earthquake in the Nankai Trough.
    Description: W.F. is currently supported by the Postdoctoral Scholar Program at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, with funding provided by the Weston Howland Jr. Postdoctoral Scholarship.
    Keywords: Earthquake ; Tsunami ; Back-projection ; Splay faults ; Java ; Seismology
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Preprint
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  • 12
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
    Publication Date: 2018-02-14
    Description: This project was initiated to accomplish the necessary research and documentation of existing seismic techniques and systems for the study of sediments and sedimentary structures in the oceans. In this respect , it is an 'inventory' of methods and techniques for looking at small-scale features or changes in structures lying from 10 to 1000 m beneath the sea floor. It attempts to assess the vertical and lateral resolution capabilities of existing and technically feasible seismic systems. Some of the questions posed are: how closely can we determine vertical variation such as sediment layer thickness and vertical variation with depth; also lateral coherence or its disruption by such agents as facies changes, thinning or thickening, slumping, faulting; the nature of the basement structure, its areal coherence, velocity structure and associated anomalies?
    Description: Prepared for the Sandia Laboratories under Contract 13-9944.
    Keywords: Seismology ; Ocean bottom
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Technical Report
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  • 13
    Publication Date: 2018-04-20
    Description: Also published as: Journal of Geophysical Research 86 (1981): 3783- 3790
    Description: We present preliminary hypocenter determinations for 52 earthquakes recorded by a large multiinstitutional network of ocean bottom seismometers and ocean bottom hydrophones in the Orozco Fracture Zone in the eastern Pacific during late February to mid-March 1979. The network was deployed as pan of the Rivera Ocean Seismic Experiment, also known as Project ROSE. The Orozco Fracture Zone is physiographically complex, and the pattern of microeanhquake hypocenters at least partly reflects this complexity. All of the well-located epicenters lie within the active transform fault segment of the fracture zone. About lialf of the recorded earthquakes were aligned along a narrow trough that extends eastward from the northern rise crest intersection in the approximate direction of the Cocos-Pacific relative plate motion; these events appear to be characterized by strike-slip faulting. The second major group of activity occurred in the central portion of the transform fault; the microearthquakes in this group do not display a preferred alignment parallel to the direction of spreading, and several are not obviously associated with distinct topographic features. Hypocentral depth was well resolved for many of the earthquakes reported here. Nominal depths range from 0 to 17 km below the seafloor.
    Description: Prepared for the Office of Naval Research under Contract N00014-79-C-0071; NR 083-004.
    Keywords: Natural disasters ; Seismology
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Technical Report
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  • 14
    Publication Date: 2018-05-09
    Description: Also published as: Journal of Geophysical Research 84 (1979): 5487-5496
    Description: This geophysical survey of an approximate 1° square covers Mesozoic magnetic anomalies M0, M2, and M4 south of Bermuda. Bathymetry, magnetics, seismic reflection profiling, and seismic refraction data are presented. The isochron trend within the survey area at magnetic anomaly M4 time is 025°. Two left lateral fracture zones exist: the southern fracture zone has an offset of 〈10 km at M4 time and 33 km at M0 time. The northern fracture zone has an offset of 37 km at M4 time and 26 km at M0 time. These changes in offset are accounted for by asymmetric spreading, an 11° change in trend of anomaly M0 relative to M4, and by M0 time, growth of a small right lateral fracture zone. Seismic refraction data provide poor control on the shallow crustal structure but suggest the presence of significant lateral inhomogeneities within layer 2.
    Description: Prepared for the Office of Naval Research under Contract N00014-74-C-0262; NR 083-004.
    Keywords: Submarine geology ; Seismology
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Technical Report
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2019-03-22
    Description: Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2018. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 123 (2018): 7824-7849, doi:10.1029/2017JB015346.
    Description: We construct a new seismic model for central and West Antarctica by jointly inverting Rayleigh wave phase and group velocities along with P wave receiver functions. Ambient noise tomography exploiting data from more than 200 seismic stations deployed over the past 18 years is used to construct Rayleigh wave phase and group velocity dispersion maps. Comparison between the ambient noise phase velocity maps with those constructed using teleseismic earthquakes confirms the accuracy of both results. These maps, together with P receiver function waveforms, are used to construct a new 3‐D shear velocity (Vs) model for the crust and uppermost mantle using a Bayesian Monte Carlo algorithm. The new 3‐D seismic model shows the dichotomy of the tectonically active West Antarctica (WANT) and the stable and ancient East Antarctica (EANT). In WANT, the model exhibits a slow uppermost mantle along the Transantarctic Mountains (TAMs) front, interpreted as the thermal effect from Cenozoic rifting. Beneath the southern TAMs, the slow uppermost mantle extends horizontally beneath the traditionally recognized EANT, hypothesized to be associated with lithospheric delamination. Thin crust and lithosphere observed along the Amundsen Sea coast and extending into the interior suggest involvement of these areas in Cenozoic rifting. EANT, with its relatively thick and cold crust and lithosphere marked by high Vs, displays a slower Vs anomaly beneath the Gamburtsev Subglacial Mountains in the uppermost mantle, which we hypothesize may be the signature of a compositionally anomalous body, perhaps remnant from a continental collision.
    Description: National Science Foundation Grant Numbers: PLR‐1142518, PLR‐1246712, PLR 1246151, PLR‐1246416, PLR‐1744883, PLR‐ 1744883
    Description: 2019-03-22
    Keywords: Seismology ; Crust and uppermost mantle ; Ambient noise tomography ; Antarctica ; Transantarctic Mountains ; Gamburtsev Mountains
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Article
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  • 16
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    Springer, Berlin
    In:  SUB Göttingen | 8 Z NAT 2148
    Publication Date: 2019-09-13
    Description: The Analysis of Simultaneous Observations of Nighttime Pi Pulsations on an East-West Profile (Baranskiy, L.N., et. al.) . . . 1 ; Coordinated Magnetic Observations of Morning Sector Auroral Zone Currents with Triad and the Scandinavian Magnetometer Array: A Case Study (Sulzbacher, H., et al.) . . . 7 ; K-Ar Age Determinations on Tertiary Volcanic Rocks: V. Siebengebirge, Siebengebirge-Graben (Todt, W., Lippolt, H.J.) . . . 18 ; The Geothermal Anomaly of Landau/Pfalz: An Attempt of Interpretation (Werner, D., Parini, M.) . . . 28 ; Magnetic and Gravity Investigations of the Dead Sea Rift and Adjacent Areas in Northern Israel (Folkman, Y.) . . . 34 ; Changes of Structure, Phase Composition and Electric Conductivity Under High-Temperature Oxidation of Titanomagnetites (Kropáček, V., Laštovičková, M.) . . . 40 ; Maximum Velocity Amplitudes of P and S Waves from Filtered Broadband Records (Sitaram, M.V.D. et al.) . . . 47 ; Comment on: On the Sources of the 12-Month Wave in the an and as Geomagnetic Activity Indices by P.N. Mayaud, J. Geophys. 46, 261—271, 1979 (Damaske, D., Meyer, J.) . . . 54 ; Bock Reviews . . . 56 ; A Late Cretaceous 40Ar-39Ar Age for the Lappajärvi Impact Crater, Finland (Jessberger, E.K., Reimold, W.U.) . . . 57 ; Magnetic Properties of Swiss Flysch (Channell, J.E.T. et al.) . . . 60 ; Source Parameters of Earthquakes from the Himalayan Region (Upadhyay, S.K., Duda, S.J.) . . . 67 ; Teleseismic Evidence for Velocity Heterogeneity Beneath the Rheinish Massif (Raikes, S.) . . . 80 ; The Simulation Problem for Broad-Band Seismograms (Seidl, D.) . . . 84 ; Load-Induced Stresses and Their Relation to the Initial Stress Field (Bock, G.) . . . 94 ; Ground-Based Observations of an Onset of Localized Field-Aligned Currents During Auroral Break-up Around Magnetic Midnight (Opgenoorth, H.J., et al.) . . . 101 ; Simultaneous Maxima of Geomagnetic Pulsations and Riometer Absorption on the Afternoon Side of the Auroral Zone (Novikov, Yu.P., et al.) . . . 116 ; Numerical Investigation of the Spectral Resolving Power of Burg’s Maximum Entropy Method (Wenzel, F., Zürn, W.) . . . 121 ; Errors in Matrix Element Expressions for the Reflectivity Method (Baumgardt, D.R.) . . . 124 ; Magnetometer Array Observations of a Giant Pulsation Event (Glaßmeier, K.-H.) . . . 127 ; Palaeomagnetic Secular Variation Curves Extending Back to 13,400 Years B.P. Recorded by Sediments Deposited in Lac de Joux, Switzerland. Comparison with U.K. Records (Creer, K.M. et al.) . . . 139 ; Anhysteretic Remanent Magnetization of Small Multidomain Fe304 Particles Dispersed in Various Concentrations in a Non Magnetic Matrix (Schmidbauer, E., Veitch, R.J.) . . . 148 ; Stirred Remanent Magnetization: A Laboratory Analogue of Post-Depositional Realignment (Tucker, P.) . . . 153 ; High Precision Measurement of the Frequency of Mode oSo (Zürn, W. et. al.) . . . 158 ; The Solution of Dynamic Problems of Elastic Wave Propagation in Inhomogeneous Media by a Combination of Partial Separation of Variables and Finite-Difierence Methods (Alekseev, A.S.‚ Mikhailenko, B.G.) . . . 161 ; A Characteristic Method for Numerical Solution of the Inverse Kinematic Seismic Problems (Romanow, M.E., Alekseev, A.S.) . . . 173 ; Geomagnetic lnduction Studies in Scandinavia. I. Determination of the Inductive Response Function from the Magnetometer Array Data (Jones, A.G.) . . . 181 ; Comments on Polarization and Coherence (Samson, J.C.) . . . 195 ;
    Description: DFG, SUB Göttingen
    Description: research
    Keywords: Geophysik ; Auroral Zone Physics ; Broad Band Seismograms ; Earth’s Crust ; Earth’s Mantle ; Electrical Conductivity of Rocks ; Electrical Conductivity of the Earth ; Electromagnetic lnduction in the Earth ; Free Oscillations ; Geochronology ; Geomagnetic Activity ; Geomagnetic Pulsations ; Geomagnetic Time Variations ; Geothermal Anomalies ; Gravity Anomalies ; Himalaya ; Impact Structures ; Induced Seismicity ; Inverse Seismic Problems ; Israel ; Magnetic Anomalies ; Maximum Entropy Method ; Palaeomagnetism ; Polarization Analysis ; Reflectivity Method ; Rheinisches Massiv ; Rock Magnetism ; Rock Physics ; Scandinavia ; Secular Variation ; Seismology ; Siebengebirge ; Stress Field ; Theoretical Seismograms ; FID-GEO-DE-7
    Language: English
    Type: anthology_digi
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2018-01-08
    Description: Abstract
    Description: This dataset contains supplementary data concerning the SELASOMA project (GIPP-Project: Madagaskar; ID: 201204; FDSN-network code: ZE): (1) For stations with Cube data loggers, the raw data files are included. (2) For stations with EDL data loggers the log and auxiliary files are included. The main purpose of this dataset is to archive raw information on the timing quality, and to allow future use of alternative Cube-to-miniseed converters. Do not use this dataset if you are interested in continuous or event-based waveform data. Instead, refer to related dataset containing continuous waveforms . The dataset contains 1) log files for the stations with EDL data loggers (organized in sub-directories according to time range and station code); 2) separated MSEED-formatted data affected by some problems (organized in sub-directories according to time range and station code) and 3) raw CUBE-formatted data (organized in sub-directories according to time range and station name).
    Keywords: Seismology
    Language: English
    Type: Dataset , Dataset
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2019-01-03
    Description: Abstract
    Description: Raw-, SEG-Y and other supplementary data of the landside deployment from the amphibious wide-angle seismic experiment ALPHA are presented. The aim of this project was to reveal the crustal and lithospheric structure of the subducting Adriatic plate and the external accretionary wedge in the southern Dinarides. Airgun shots from the RV Meteor were recorded along two profiles across Montenegro and northern Albania.
    Keywords: Seismology ; Adriatic Plate ; Montenegro ; Albania
    Language: English
    Type: Dataset , controlled source data
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  • 19
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    In: Science
    Publication Date: 2017-03-25
    Description: A reassuring rule of thumb about earthquakes is breaking down. For decades, seismologists had assumed that individual faults—as well as isolated segments of longer faults—rupture independently of one another. That limits the maximum size of the potential earthquake that a fault zone can generate. But the magnitude-7.8 earthquake that struck New Zealand just after midnight on 14 November 2016—among the largest in the islands' modern history—has reduced that thinking to rubble. According to a new study, published online this week in Science, the heavy shaking in the Kaikoura quake was amassed by ruptures on at least 12 different faults, in some cases so far apart that they were thought to be immune to each other's influence. Author: Betsy Mason
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2017-01-01
    Description: Surface-related multiples have been utilized in the reverse-time migration (RTM) procedures, and additional illumination for subsurface can be provided. Meanwhile, many cross-talks are generated from undesired interactions between forward- and backward-propagated seismic waves. In this paper, subsequent to analysing and categorizing these cross-talks, we propose RTM of first-order multiples to avoid most undesired interactions in RTM of all-order multiples, where only primaries are forward-propagated and crosscorrelated with the backward-propagated first-order multiples. With primaries and multiples separated during regular seismic data processing as the input data, first-order multiples can be obtained by a two-step scheme: (1) the dual-prediction of higher-order multiples; and (2) the adaptive subtraction of predicted higher-order multiples from all-order multiples within local offset-time windows. In numerical experiments, two synthetic and a marine field data sets are used, where different cross-talks generated by RTM of all-order multiples can be identified and the proposed RTM of first-order multiples can provide a very interpretable image with a few cross-talks.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 21
    Publication Date: 2017-01-01
    Description: Elastic reverse time migration (RTM) can yield accurate subsurface information (e.g. PP and PS reflectivity) by imaging the multicomponent seismic data. However, the existing RTM methods are still insufficient to provide satisfactory results because of the finite recording aperture, limited bandwidth and imperfect illumination. Besides, the P - and S -wave separation and the polarity reversal correction are indispensable in conventional elastic RTM. Here, we propose an iterative elastic least-squares RTM (LSRTM) method, in which the imaging accuracy is improved gradually with iteration. We first use the Born approximation to formulate the elastic de-migration operator, and employ the Lagrange multiplier method to derive the adjoint equations and gradients with respect to reflectivity. Then, an efficient inversion workflow (only four forward computations needed in each iteration) is introduced to update the reflectivity. Synthetic and field data examples reveal that the proposed LSRTM method can obtain higher-quality images than the conventional elastic RTM. We also analyse the influence of model parametrizations and misfit functions in elastic LSRTM. We observe that Lamé parameters, velocity and impedance parametrizations have similar and plausible migration results when the structures of different models are correlated. For an uncorrelated subsurface model, velocity and impedance parametrizations produce fewer artefacts caused by parameter crosstalk than the Lamé coefficient parametrization. Correlation- and convolution-type misfit functions are effective when amplitude errors are involved and the source wavelet is unknown, respectively. Finally, we discuss the dependence of elastic LSRTM on migration velocities and its antinoise ability. Imaging results determine that the new elastic LSRTM method performs well as long as the low-frequency components of migration velocities are correct. The quality of images of elastic LSRTM degrades with increasing noise.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 22
    Publication Date: 2017-01-07
    Description: A double-correlation method is introduced to locate tremor sources based on stacks of complex, doubly-correlated tremor records of multiple triplets of seismographs back projected to hypothetical source locations in a geographic grid. Peaks in the resulting stack of moduli are inferred source locations. The stack of the moduli is a robust measure of energy radiated from a point source or point sources even when the velocity information is imprecise. Application to real data shows how double correlation focuses the source mapping compared to the common single correlation approach. Synthetic tests demonstrate the robustness of the method and its resolution limitations which are controlled by the station geometry, the finite frequency of the signal, the quality of the used velocity information and noise level. Both random noise and signal or noise correlated at time shifts that are inconsistent with the assumed velocity structure can be effectively suppressed. Assuming a surface wave velocity, we can constrain the source location even if the surface wave component does not dominate. The method can also in principle be used with body waves in 3-D, although this requires more data and seismographs placed near the source for depth resolution.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 23
    Publication Date: 2017-01-07
    Description: The possibility of applying one explicit finite-difference (FD) scheme to all interior grid points (points not lying on a grid border) no matter what their positions are with respect to the material interface is one of the key factors of the computational efficiency of the FD modelling. Smooth or discontinuous heterogeneity of the medium is accounted for only by values of the effective grid moduli and densities. Accuracy of modelling thus very much depends on how these effective grid parameters are evaluated. We present an orthorhombic representation of a heterogeneous medium for the FD modelling. We numerically demonstrate its superior accuracy. Compared to the harmonic-averaging representation the orthorhombic representation is more accurate mainly in the case of strong surface waves that are especially important in local surface sedimentary basins. The orthorhombic representation is applicable to modelling seismic wave propagation and earthquake motion in isotropic models with material interfaces and smooth heterogeneities using velocity–stress, displacement–stress and displacement FD schemes on staggered, partly staggered, Lebedev and collocated grids.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 24
    Publication Date: 2017-01-07
    Description: Markov chain Monte-Carlo (McMC) sampling generates correlated random samples such that their distribution would converge to the true distribution only as the number of samples tends to infinity. In practice, McMC is found to be slow to converge, convergence is not guaranteed to be achieved in finite time, and detection of convergence requires the use of subjective criteria. Although McMC has been used for decades as the algorithm of choice for inference in complex probability distributions, there is a need to seek alternative approaches, particularly in high dimensional problems. Walker & Curtis ( 2014 ) developed a method for Bayesian inversion of 2-D spatial data using an exact sampling alternative to McMC which always draws independent samples of the target distribution. Their method thus obviates the need for convergence and removes the concomitant bias exhibited by finite sample sets. Their algorithm is nevertheless computationally intensive and requires large memory. We propose a more efficient method for Bayesian inversion of categorical variables, such as geological facies that requires no sampling at all. The method is based on a 2-D Hidden Markov Model (2D-HMM) over a grid of cells where observations represent localized data constraining each cell. The data in our example application are seismic attributes such as P - and S -wave impedances and rock density; our categorical variables are the hidden states and represent the geological rock types in each cell—facies of distinct subsets of lithology and fluid combinations such as shale, brine-sand and gas-sand. The observations at each location are assumed to be generated from a random function of the hidden state (facies) at that location, and to be distributed according to a certain probability distribution that is independent of hidden states at other locations – an assumption referred to as ‘localized likelihoods’. The hidden state (facies) at a location cannot be determined solely by the observation at that location as it also depends on prior information concerning the spatial distribution of other hidden states elsewhere. The prior information is included in the inversion in the form of a training image which represents a conceptual depiction of local geologies that might be expected, but other forms of prior information can be used in the method as desired. The method provides direct estimates of posterior marginal probability distributions over each variable, so these do not need to be estimated from samples such as in McMC. Nevertheless, in the case that samples are desired, these can be generated. On a 2-D test example the method is shown to outperform previous methods significantly, at a fraction of the computational cost. In many foreseeable applications there are therefore no serious impediments to extending the method to 3-D cases.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 25
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    In: Science
    Publication Date: 2017-01-27
    Description: Polynitrogens have the potential for ultrahigh-performing explosives or propellants because singly or doubly bonded polynitrogens can decompose to triply bonded dinitrogen (N2) with an extraordinarily large energy release. The large energy content and relatively low activation energy toward decomposition makes the synthesis of a stable polynitrogen allotrope an extraordinary challenge. Many elements exist in different forms (allotropes)—for example, carbon can exist as graphite, diamond, buckyballs, or graphene. However, no stable neutral allotropes are known for nitrogen, and only two stable homonuclear polynitrogen ions had been isolated until now—namely, the N3− anion (1) and the N5+ cation (2). On page 374 of this issue, Zhang et al. (3) report the synthesis and characterization of the first stable salt of the cyclo-N5− anion, only the third stable homonuclear polynitrogen ion ever isolated. Author: Karl O. Christe
    Keywords: Inorganic Chemistry
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 26
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    In: Science
    Publication Date: 2017-01-27
    Description: Author: Jake Yeston
    Keywords: Inorganic Chemistry
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2017-01-07
    Description: In finite-difference (FD) method, numerical dispersion is the dominant factor influencing the accuracy of seismic modelling. Various optimized FD schemes for scalar wave modelling have been proposed to reduce grid dispersion, while the optimized time–space domain FD schemes for elastic wave modelling have not been fully investigated yet. In this paper, an optimized FD scheme with Equivalent Staggered Grid (ESG) for elastic modelling has been developed. We start from the constant P - and S -wave speed elastic wave equations and then deduce analytical plane wave solutions in the wavenumber domain with eigenvalue decomposition method. Based on the elastic plane wave solutions, three new time–space domain dispersion relations of ESG elastic modelling are obtained, which are represented by three equations corresponding to P -, S - and converted-wave terms in the elastic equations, respectively. By using these new relations, we can study the dispersion errors of different spatial FD terms independently. The dispersion analysis showed that different spatial FD terms have different errors. It is therefore suggested that different FD coefficients to be used to approximate the three spatial derivative terms. In addition, the relative dispersion error in L2-norm is minimized through optimizing FD coefficients using Newton's method. Synthetic examples have demonstrated that this new optimal FD schemes have superior accuracy for elastic wave modelling compared to Taylor-series expansion and optimized space domain FD schemes.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 28
    Publication Date: 2017-01-07
    Description: We investigated post-seismic velocity changes within the fault zone of the 2008 M 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake using coda wave data of repeating small earthquakes. We employed template matching and grid search methods to identify well-defined repeating earthquakes in order to minimize artefacts induced by variations in source location. We identified a total of 12 isolated patches in the fault zone that ruptured more than twice in a 1 yr period after the M 7.9 earthquake. We applied the coda wave interferometry technique to the waveform data of the 34 identified repeating earthquakes to estimate velocity changes between the first and subsequent events in each cluster. We found that major post-seismic velocity changes occurred in the southwestern part of the rupture area, where the main rupture was initiated and characterized by thrust motion, while the Beichuan area in the northeastern part of the rupture zone appears to experience very little post-seismic velocity changes.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2017-01-07
    Description: In this study, we demonstrate the feasibility of imaging broad-band (10–150 s) Rayleigh wave phase velocity maps on a continental scale using ambient noise tomography (ANT). We obtain broad-band Rayleigh waves from cross-correlations of ambient noise data between all station pairs of USArray and measure the dispersion curves from these cross-correlations at a period band of 10–150 s. The large-scale dense USArray enables us to obtain over 500 000 surface wave paths which cover the contiguous United States densely. Using these paths, we generate Rayleigh wave phase velocity maps at 10–150 s periods. Our phase velocity maps are similar to other reported phase velocity maps based on ambient noise data at short periods (〈50 s) and based on earthquake data at intermediate/long periods (50–90 s). This study extends ANT from short/intermediate periods (〈50 s) to long periods up to 150 s in a continental scale of the USA. These broad-band phase velocity maps from ANT can be used to construct 3-D lithospheric and asthenospheric velocity structures.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 30
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    In: Science
    Publication Date: 2017-02-10
    Description: Author: Jake Yeston
    Keywords: Inorganic Chemistry
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2017-01-01
    Description: Seismic noise measurements (ambient vibrations) have been increasingly used in rock slope stability assessment for both investigation and monitoring purposes. Recent studies made on gravitational hazard revealed significant spectral amplification at given frequencies and polarization of the wave-field in the direction of maximum rock slope displacement. Different properties (resonance frequencies, polarization and spectral ratio amplitudes) can be derived from the spectral analysis of the seismic noise to characterize unstable rock masses. The objective here is to identify the dynamic parameters that could be used to gain information on prone-to-fall rock columns’ geometry. To do so, the dynamic response of prone-to-fall columns to seismic noise has been studied on two different sites exhibiting cliff-like geometry. Dynamic parameters (main resonance frequency and spectral ratio amplitudes) that could characterize the column decoupling were extracted from seismic noise and their variations were studied taking into account the external environmental parameter fluctuations. Based on this analysis, a two-dimensional numerical model has been set up to assess the influence of the rear vertical fractures identified on both sites on the rock column motion response. Although a simple relation was found between spectral ratio amplitudes and the rock column slenderness, it turned out that the resonance frequency is more stable than the spectral ratio amplitudes to characterize this column decoupling, provided that the elastic properties of the column can be estimated. The study also revealed the effect of additional remote fractures on the dynamic parameters, which in turn could be used for detecting the presence of such discontinuities.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2017-01-12
    Description: We investigate the elastic and anelastic structure of the lowermost mantle at the western edge of the Pacific large low shear velocity province (LLSVP) by inverting a collection of S and ScS waveforms. The transverse component data were obtained from F-net for 31 deep earthquakes beneath Tonga and Fiji, filtered between 12.5 and 200 s. We observe a regional variation of S and ScS arrival times and amplitude ratios, according to which we divide our region of interest into three subregions. For each of these subregions, we then perform 1-D (depth-dependent) waveform inversions simultaneously for radial profiles of shear wave velocity ( V S ) and seismic quality factor ( Q ). Models for all three subregions show low V S and low Q structures from 2000 km depth down to the core–mantle boundary. We further find that V S and Q in the central subregion, sampling the Caroline plume, are substantially lower than in the surrounding regions, whatever the depth. In the central subregion, V S -anomalies with respect to PREM (d V S ) and Q are about –2.5 per cent and 216 at a depth of 2850 km, and –0.6 per cent and 263 at a depth of 2000 km. By contrast, in the two other regions, d V S and Q are –2.2 per cent and 261 at a depth of 2850 km, and –0.3 per cent and 291 at a depth of 2000 km. At depths greater than ~2500 km, these differences may indicate lateral variations in temperature of ~100 K within the Pacific LLSVP. At shallower depths, they may be due to the temperature difference between the Caroline plume and its surroundings, and possibly to a small fraction of iron-rich material entrained by the plume.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2017-01-12
    Description: We present two independent, automated methods for estimating the absolute horizontal misorientation of seismic sensors. We apply both methods to 44 free-fall ocean-bottom seismometers (OBSs) of the RHUM-RUM experiment ( http://www.rhum-rum.net/ ). The techniques measure the 3-D directions of particle motion of (1) P -waves and (2) Rayleigh waves of earthquake recordings. For P -waves, we used a principal component analysis to determine the directions of particle motions (polarizations) in multiple frequency passbands. We correct for polarization deviations due to seismic anisotropy and dipping discontinuities using a simple fit equation, which yields significantly more accurate OBS orientations. For Rayleigh waves, we evaluated the degree of elliptical polarization in the vertical plane in the time and frequency domain. The results obtained for the RHUM-RUM OBS stations differed, on average, by 3.1° and 3.7° between the methods, using circular mean and median statistics, which is within the methods’ estimate uncertainties. Using P -waves, we obtained orientation estimates for 31 ocean-bottom seismometers with an average uncertainty (95 per cent confidence interval) of 11° per station. For 7 of these OBS, data coverage was sufficient to correct polarization measurements for underlying seismic anisotropy and dipping discontinuities, improving their average orientation uncertainty from 11° to 6° per station. Using Rayleigh waves, we obtained misorientation estimates for 40 OBS, with an average uncertainty of 16° per station. The good agreement of results obtained using the two methods indicates that they should also be useful for detecting misorientations of terrestrial seismic stations.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 2017-03-03
    Description: Abstract
    Description: A temporary seismic array was installed in combination with a meteorological station in the Dead Sea valley, Jordan. Within the scope of the HGF virtual institute DESERVE we operated 15 temporary seismic stations between February 2014 and February 2015 together with a nearby meteorological station close to the east coast of the Dead Sea. The main aim was to acquire data to study the influence of wind on seismic records and retrieve related meteorological parameters. The study area is scarcely populated and has ideal meteorological conditions to study periodically occurring winds.
    Keywords: Seismology ; Array ; Noise ; Wind
    Language: English
    Type: Dataset , controlled source data
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  • 35
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    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: This technical report provides an overview of the LFASE data processing system. This software system is made up of over twenty-five programs which are used to acquire, reduce, and analyze acoustic seismic data collected during the Low Frequency Acoustic Seismic Experiment (LFASE) (Stephen et al, 1989; Koelsch et al, 1990). This report is directed at scientific and engineering personnel who wish to understand the overall LFASE data processing system as well as the individual processing procedures which are utilized during each stage of data reduction and interpretation. The report is also directed at programmers, data processors, technicians, and other individuals who plan to work with LFASE programs and data.
    Keywords: Seismic arrays ; Seismology
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2016-07-07
    Description: The broadband borehole seismic system (B3S2) is being developed as one component of the Ocean Seismic Network (OSN) Pilot Experiment which will be carried out at the OSN-1 Site off Hawaii in Winter 1998. The other major instruments being developed for the experiment are a Broadband Ocean Bottom Seismometer and a Shallow Buried Broadband Ocean Bottom Seismometer. B3S2 consists of four major components: 1) a borehole sonde with a re-entry guide, Teledyne 54000 broadband seismometer, and REFTEK digitizing system, 2) a seafloor acquisition and recording system (SEABASS), 3) a control vehicle for deploying the sonde in a borehole, and 4) shipboard command and control electronics. The deployment system is very similar to the SEABASS configuration used on LFASE (Stephen eta!, 1994). The purposes of the tests at Pinon Flat were: 1) to integrate the borehole sonde and seafloor and shipboard electronics which had been constructed by different groups: WHOI and SIO/IGPP; 2) test the combined subsystem in a wet borehole environment using actual cables and simulating seafloor conditions; and 3) acquire seismic ambient noise and earthquake data over approximately a three month period for comparison with known stations at the Pinon Flat Observatory.
    Description: This work was carried out under NSF Grants No. OCE-91-18943 and OCE No. OCE-95-05730: "A Broadband Borehole Seismometer for the Deep Ocean - Development and Land Testing"
    Keywords: Seismology ; Borehole gravity meters ; Ocean bottom ; Oceanographic instruments
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2016-07-01
    Description: The Low Frequency Acoustic Seismic Experiment (LFASE) was conducted to measure sound propagation and ambient noise above, at and below the sea floor. To this end an array consisting of four geophone nodes was introduced into a DSDP borehole. These seismic sensors were clamped inside the borehole at various depths below the ocean floor. The geophone array was connected by an electromechanical cable to a bottom reentry structure (BCU frame) housing the Data Recording Unit (DRU), the Data Telemetry Unit (DTU), the Bottom Control Unit (BCU) and the power supply.
    Description: Report prepared under Office of Naval Research Contracts #N00014-89-C-0018, N00014-89-J-1012 and Office of Naval Technology Contract #00014-90-C-0098, WHOI Project #13/1012
    Keywords: Seismic arrays ; Seismology ; Melville (Ship) Cruise HYDR01MV ; Melville (Ship) Cruise HYDR05MV ; Melville (Ship) Cruise HYDR09MV ; Melville (Ship) Cruise HYDR10MV
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2016-06-30
    Description: On the Low Frequency Acoustic - Seismic Experiment (LFASE), carried out at DSDP hole 534A in August, 1989, WHOI was responsible for acquiring data from a twelve channel borehole seismic array. Data were acquired both on-board while tethered to the array and autonomously in a seafloor package. Seismic source data (explosives and airguns) and ambient noise data were recorded. This report describes the nature of data acquired, reviews the data reduction procedure from field format to ROSE data format, and includes examples of the data. A total of918.6 Mbytes of data were acquired (769 Mbytes in the shipboard recording mode and 149.6 Mbytes in the seafloor recording mode). Approximately 85 explosive shots, 2000 airgun shots, and 10 hours of ambient noise data were recorded.
    Keywords: Seismic arrays ; Seismology
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: Seismic data obtained using borehole seismometers during the LFASE experiment (Stephen et al, 1989; Koelsch et al, 1990) are retrieved from the seafloor instrument package and converted to a data format more suitable for analysis with existing computer systems. This report describes the computer program CGG2ROSE2 for converting LFASE optical disk files recorded in CGG format by the data acquisition computer into standard ROSE format data files on a VAX/VMS computer. CGG2ROSE2 provides features for rearranging LFASE data into smaller segments, making corrections to timing information, and replacing file header information.
    Keywords: Seismic arrays ; Seismology
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2017-08-03
    Description: The Seafloor Borehole Array Seismic System (SEABASS) was originally developed to record autonomously on the seafloor the signals received on a four-sonde three-component borehole geophone array in the VLF band (2-50Hz)(Stephen eta!., 1994). The system is designed to use the wireline re-entry capability (Spiess, 1993; Spiess eta!., 1992) to install and retrieve the seafloor instrumentation (Figures 1 and 2). Following the successful demonstration of this technology on the LFASE (Low Frequency Acoustic-Seismic Experiment) project in September 1989, it was decided to extend the capability to broadband (1000sec-5Hz) borehole seismometers which could be used for permanent seafloor seismic observatories in the Ocean Seismic Network (Orcutt and Stephen, 1993; Purdy and Dziewonski, 1988; Purdy and Orcutt, 1995; Stephen, 1995; Sutton and Barstow, 1990; Sutton eta!., 1988; Sutton eta!., 1965). The Broadband Borehole Seismic System (B3S2) is the prototype system for permanent broadband borehole seismic observatories on the seafloor. It has three major components: i) a broadband borehole seismometer, the Teledyne 54000, modified for seafloor operations by Scripps-IGPP; ii) the re-entry system provided by Scripps-MPL; and iii) the seafloor recording system developed by WHO I. Because of the similarity of the seafloor recording system to SEABASS we have named this new system SEABASS-ll. This report discusses the development of SEABASS-Il at WHOI in the period from July 14, 1992 to January 31, 1996. The motivation for the project and a work statement are contained in WHOI proposals 7016 and 7016.1. This report is a collection of documentation prepared while the work was being carried out. Some of the issues discussed in early memos were subsequently changed. Modifications and further testing of SEABASS-ll, as well as final system integration tests with the borehole andreentry systems (both of which are also still being modified and tested) have still to be carried out in preparation for the OSN Pilot Experiment Cruise in Spring 1997. This is a preliminary report only and presents work in progress. It will be useful to the engineering team as a historical reference of the sequence of events in the development of SEABASS-ll but it should not be considered as a technical manual for the instrumentation.
    Keywords: Seismology ; Borehole gravimetry ; Ocean bottom ; Oceanographic instruments
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2016-03-18
    Description: We investigate the upper crustal velocity structure beneath the Tehri region of the Garhwal Himalaya. The investigated region is situated within the 700-km-long central seismic gap of the Himalaya that has experienced three gap-filling earthquakes since 1991 including the recent 2015 Nepal earthquake ( M w 7.8). The local tomographic inversion is based on a data set of 1365 events collected from 2008 January to 2012 December by a 12-station local network that covers an area of about 100  x  80 km around Tehri Dam. We perform a simultaneous inversion for P- and S -wave velocity anomalies. Tomograms are interpreted in the backdrop of the regional geological and tectonic framework of the region. The spatial distribution of relocated events from the 3-D velocity model has shed new light on the pattern of seismicity in the vicinity of the Main Central thrust (MCT), and has elucidated the structure of the underthrusting Indian plate. Our model exhibits a significant negative velocity anomaly up to ~5 per cent beneath the central part of the Garhwal Inner Lesser Himalaya, and a P -wave low velocity anomaly near the Chamoli region. The seismicity zone around the Chamoli region may be attributed to the presence of fluid-filled rocks. Furthermore, an area with ~3–4 per cent positive velocity anomaly is delineated to the northwest of the Uttarkashi thrust in the vicinity of the MCT. Significant findings of the study include: a flat-ramp-flat-type subsurface geometry of the underthrusting Indian plate below the Garhwal Himalaya, high-velocity images representing the trend and configuration of Delhi–Haridwar ridge below the Sub Himalaya and Lesser Himalaya and a seismically active zone representing geometrical asperity on the basement thrust in the vicinity of the MCT.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 42
    Publication Date: 2016-03-20
    Description: We use seismic waves for a magnitude 6.3 intermediate-depth (160 km) earthquake in the Bucaramanga Nest, Colombia, to infer a complex rupture process with two distinct stages, characterized by different rupture velocities possibly controlled by the evolution of strength on the fault. Our integrated data processing permitted to precisely characterize the multistage rupture and the presence of a strong weakening event. The resulting seismic radiation is interpreted as resulting from an extreme weakening due to a cascading thermal shear runaway, with an initial inefficient radiation process followed by a fast and dynamic efficient rupture. Our results imply dynamic complexity of the seismic rupture deep inside the Earth, and may help to give some new insights about the physical mechanism of intermediate-depth earthquakes.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
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    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2016-03-24
    Description: Subducting slabs create strong short wavelength seismic anomalies in the upper mantle where much of Earth's seismicity is located. As such, they have the potential to bias longer wavelength seismic tomography models. To evaluate the effect of subducting slabs in global tomography, we performed a series of inversions using a global synthetic shear wave traveltime data set for a theoretical slab model based on predicted thermal anomalies within slabs. The spectral element method was applied to predict the traveltime anomalies produced by the 3-D slab model for paths corresponding to our current data used in actual tomography models. Inversion tests have been conducted first using the raw traveltime anomalies to check how well the slabs can be imaged in global tomography without the effect of earthquake mislocation. Our results indicate that most of the slabs can be identified in the inversion result but with smoothed and reduced amplitude. The recovery of the total mass anomaly in slab regions is about 88 per cent. We then performed another inversion test to investigate the effect of mislocation caused by subducting slabs. We found that source mislocation largely removes slab signal and significantly degrades the imaging of subducting slabs—potentially reducing the recovery of mass anomalies in slab regions to only 41 per cent. We tested two source relocation procedures—an iterative relocation inversion and joint relocation inversion. Both methods partially recover the true source locations and improve the inversion results, but the joint inversion method worked significantly better than the iterative method. In all of our inversion tests, the amplitudes of artefact structures in the lower mantle caused by the incorrect imaging of slabs (up to ~0.5 per cent S velocity anomalies) are comparable to some large-scale lower-mantle heterogeneities seen in global tomography studies. Based on our inversion tests, we suggest including a-priori subducting slabs in the starting models in global tomography studies and use joint relocation in the inversion.
    Keywords: Seismology
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  • 44
    Publication Date: 2016-04-12
    Description: The aspherical structure of the Earth is described in terms of lateral heterogeneity and anisotropy of the P - and S -wave velocities, density heterogeneity, ellipticity and rotation of the Earth and undulation of the discontinuity interfaces of the seismic wave velocities. Its structure significantly influences the normal mode spectra of the Earth's free oscillation in the form of cross-coupling between toroidal and spheroidal multiplets and self-coupling between the singlets forming them. Thus, the aspherical structure must be conversely estimated from the free oscillation spectra influenced by the cross-coupling and self-coupling. In the present study, we improve a spectral fitting inversion algorithm which was developed in a previous study to retrieve the global structures of the isotropic and anisotropic velocities of the P and S waves from the free oscillation spectra. The main improvement is that the geographical distribution of the intensity of the S -wave azimuthal anisotropy is represented by a nonlinear combination of structure coefficients for the anisotropic velocity structure, whereas in the previous study it was expanded into a generalized spherical harmonic series. Consequently, the improved inversion algorithm reduces the number of unknown parameters that must be determined compared to the previous inversion algorithm and employs a one-step inversion method by which the structure coefficients for the isotropic and anisotropic velocities are directly estimated from the fee oscillation spectra. The applicability of the improved inversion is examined by several numerical experiments using synthetic spectral data, which are produced by supposing a variety of isotropic and anisotropic velocity structures, earthquake source parameters and station-event pairs. Furthermore, the robustness of the inversion algorithm is investigated with respect to the back-ground noise contaminating the spectral data as well as truncating the series expansions by finite terms to represent the three-dimensional velocity structures. As a result, it is shown that the improved inversion can estimate not only the isotropic and anisotropic velocity structures but also the depth extent of the anisotropic regions in the Earth. In particular, the cross-coupling modes are essential to correctly estimate the isotropic and anisotropic velocity structures from the normal mode spectra. In addition, we argue that the effect of the seismic anisotropy is not negligible when estimating only the isotropic velocity structure from the spheroidal mode spectra.
    Keywords: Seismology
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  • 45
    Publication Date: 2016-04-14
    Description: Seismic interferometry and beam-forming techniques were applied to the ambient noise recorded during January 2014 at the ‘13 BB star’ array composed of thirteen seismic stations located in northern Poland. The circular and symmetric geometry of the array allowed the evaluation of the azimuths of noise sources and the velocities of recovered surface waves with a good reliability. After having pre-processed the raw records of the ambient noise in time- and frequency-domain, we studied the associated power spectral density to identify the frequency bands suitable for the recovery of the surface waves. Then the cross-correlation was performed between all the station pairs of the array to retrieve the Green's function, from which the velocity range of the surface waves can be determined. Making use of that analysis, the direction of the noise wavefield was linked to the maximum amplitude of the beam-power, estimated by the mixing in the frequency-domain of all the corresponding noise records. The results were related day by day to the mean wind velocity around Europe at 10 m above ground level obtained from global surveys carried out during the same month. Significant correlation between the direction of maximum beam-power associated to the ambient noise recorded at ‘13 BB star’ and the average wind velocity was found.
    Keywords: Seismology
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    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2016-05-11
    Description: Though well known for layer boundaries, the use of amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) variations for non-welded boundaries like fractures is not yet investigated. Depending on the seismic wavelength used, fractures can be regarded as thin, compliant zones in rocks, in different scales. We explore the potential of multiangle AVO inversion of P-P and P-S reflections from a fracture to estimate fracture properties. We conduct laboratory experiments to measure reflection responses of dry and wet fractures. The observed P-P reflections of the wet fracture and the fracture aperture are very well predicted by the non-welded interface model. We invert the angle-dependent P-P reflectivity of the fracture to estimate both normal and tangential fracture compliances. The estimated value of the normal compliance is accurate, and it is also possible to obtain the value of the non-zero tangential compliance. We find that supplementing the information of converted P-S reflections in the AVO inversion greatly improves the estimate of the tangential compliance. The calculated compliance ratio clearly shows the existence of fluid in the fracture. This finding can be crucial for new applications in a wide range of scale—from earthquake seismology, deep and shallow seismic exploration, to non-destructive material testing.
    Keywords: Seismology
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    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2016-05-11
    Description: The aim of this paper is to assess the accuracy of the long-period (50–250 s) surface waves extracted from cross-correlation functions (CCF) of ambient noise. First, we compare waveforms of Empirical Green's functions (EGF) converted from CCF with their synthetics, and also compare seismograms from a ground truth earthquake with their synthetics, through numerical simulations using a common 3-D model. We then quantify the accuracy of EGFs by comparing two sets of time-shifts between the observed waveforms and the synthetics: one set for the ground truth earthquake and the other set for EGFs. Second, we compare Rayleigh wave phase velocity dispersion measurements from ambient noise and those from earthquake data in both global and regional studies. Through these comparisons, we conclude that both the dispersion curves and waveforms from noise data are consistent with their counterparts from earthquake data in the long-period band. The long-period surface waves from ambient noise are as accurate as those from earthquake data, and can be included in both global and regional ambient noise tomography and provide complementary data to constrain the lithospheric and asthenospheric structures.
    Keywords: Seismology
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    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 48
    Publication Date: 2016-05-11
    Description: The interaction between seismic waves and slopes is an important topic to provide reliable scenarios for earthquake-(re)triggered landslides. The physical properties of seismic waves as well as slope topography and geology can significantly modify the local seismic response, influencing landslide triggering. A novel approach is here applied to two case studies in Andalusia (southern Spain) for computing the expected earthquake-induced displacements of existing landslide masses. Towards this aim, dynamic stress–strain numerical modelling was carried out using a selection of seismic signals characterized by different spectral content and energy. In situ geophysical measurements, consisting of noise records and temporary seismometric arrays, were carried out to control the numerical outputs in terms of local seismic response. The results consist of relationships between the characteristic period, T m , of the seismic signals and the characteristic periods of the landslide masses, related to the thickness ( T s ) and length ( T l ), respectively. These relationships show that the larger the horizontal dimension (i.e. length of landslide) of a landslide is, the more effective the contribution (to the resulting coseismic displacement) of the long-period seismic waves is, as the maximum displacements are expected for a low T m at each energy level of the input. On the other hand, when the local seismic response mainly depends on stratigraphy (i.e. landslide thickness), the maximum expected displacements occur close to the resonance period of the landslide, except for high-energy seismic inputs.
    Keywords: Seismology
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  • 49
    Publication Date: 2016-05-11
    Description: Following the M w 6.3 L'Aquila Earthquake of 2009 April 6, the Colle di Roio village, central Italy, suffered severe building damages. The village is located on top of an elongated carbonate ridge characterized by a complex subsurface structure, a condition prone to seismic amplification due to topographic and stratigraphic effects. We address the role of the subsurface structure and topography in the ground-motion amplification observed at the ridge top. To characterize the subsurface structure of the ridge we performed geological investigations and ambient vibration measurements in single-station as well as 2-D-array configuration. Geological investigations pointed out that the ridge top is characterized by the presence of fractured rock material as a consequence of its anticlinal fold structure. Horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) processing of ambient vibration records showed a broad peak in the HVSR functions in the frequency range 4–6 Hz and 2-D-array data demonstrated that locally the subsurface structure at the ridge top cannot be considered homogeneous. In summer 2009, we further installed one accelerometric station on the ridge top to experimentally evaluate the site amplification. By means of HVSR analysis of a sample of 18 weak-motion records (H/V), we found that ground-motion amplification occurs in a narrow frequency range centred around 4 Hz with mean ratio amplitude of 6. We also analysed the dependence of seismic amplification on the azimuth by calculating H/V ratios for horizontal components rotated into a range of azimuths. This analysis showed that the higher level of horizontal amplification occurs in the direction perpendicular to the ridge trending direction. With the aim of evaluating the contribution of the topography and the local subsurface structure on the observed seismic amplification, we performed 2-D finite-difference modelling of wave propagation through the ridge, adopting both homogeneous and heterogeneous models. We were able to reproduce the frequency-dependent amplification only by using an heterogeneous 2-D model with a low-velocity layer (shear wave velocity of 400 m s –1 and maximum thickness of 20 m) at the ridge top. From the comparison between observations and numerical results, we suggest that the amplification at the Colle di Roio ridge top is due to the interplay between local shear wave velocity structure and topography, rather than to topography alone.
    Keywords: Seismology
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  • 50
    Publication Date: 2016-05-11
    Description: The present study evaluates the capacity of the Boom Clay as a host rock for disposal purposes, more precisely its seismic characterization, which may assess its long-term performance to store radioactive wastes. Although the formation is relatively uniform and homogeneous, there are embedded thin layers of septaria (carbonates) that may affect the integrity of the Boom Clay. Therefore, it is essential to locate these geobodies. The seismic data to characterize the Boom Clay has been acquired at the Kruibeke test site. The inversion, which allowed us to obtain the anisotropy parameters and seismic velocities of the clay, is complemented with further information such as log and laboratory data. The attenuation properties have been estimated from equivalent formations (having similar composition and seismic velocities). The inversion yields quite consistent results although the symmetry of the medium is unusual but physically possible, since the anisotropy parameter is negative. According to a time-domain calculation of the energy velocity at four frequency bands up to 900 Hz, velocity increases with frequency, a behaviour described by the Zener model. Then, we use this model to describe anisotropy and anelasticity that are implemented into the equation of motion to compute synthetic seismograms in the space–time domain. The technique is based on memory variables and the Fourier pseudospectral method. We have computed reflection coefficients of the septaria thin layer. At normal incidence, the P -wave coefficient vanishes at specific thicknesses of the layer and there is no conversion to the S wave. For example, calculations at 600 Hz show that for thicknesses of 1 m the septarium can be detected more easily since the amplitudes are higher (nearly 0.8). Converted PS waves have a high amplitude at large offsets (between 30° and 80°) and can be useful to identify the target on this basis. Moreover, we have investigated the effect of septaria embedded in the Boom Clay with several simulations, by considering a lateral partial continuity of the calcareous thin inclusions. The simulations with layers of calcareous material show continuity of the reflections even when the percentage of carbonate within the layer is very small (5–15 per cent), while for low content of the calcareous material, isolated septaria boulders generate diffraction events. We have also simulated the stacked seismic section obtained from processing of the field data. The matching between the field and synthetic sections is acceptable.
    Keywords: Seismology
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  • 51
    Publication Date: 2016-05-22
    Description: Acoustic and gravity waves propagating in planetary atmospheres have been studied intensively as markers of specific phenomena such as tectonic events or explosions or as contributors to atmosphere dynamics. To get a better understanding of the physics behind these dynamic processes, both acoustic and gravity waves propagation should be modelled in a 3-D attenuating and windy atmosphere extending from the ground to the upper thermosphere. Thus, in order to provide an efficient numerical tool at the regional or global scale, we introduce a finite difference in the time domain (FDTD) approach that relies on the linearized compressible Navier–Stokes equations with a background flow (wind). One significant benefit of such a method is its versatility because it handles both acoustic and gravity waves in the same simulation, which enables one to observe interactions between them. Simulations can be performed for 2-D or 3-D realistic cases such as tsunamis in a full MSISE-00 atmosphere or gravity-wave generation by atmospheric explosions. We validate the computations by comparing them to analytical solutions based on dispersion relations in specific benchmark cases: an atmospheric explosion, and a ground displacement forcing.
    Keywords: Seismology
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  • 52
    Publication Date: 2016-05-22
    Description: NW Iran is a region of active deformation in the Eurasia–Arabia collision zone. This high strain field has caused intensive faulting accompanied by several major ( M 〉 6.5) earthquakes as it is evident from historical records. Whereas seismic data (i.e. instrumental and historical catalogues) are either short, or inaccurate and inhomogeneous, physics-based long-term simulations are beneficial to better assess seismic hazard. In this study, a deterministic seismicity model, which consists of major active faults, is first constructed, and used to generate a synthetic catalogue of large-magnitude ( M 〉 5.5) earthquakes. The frequency–magnitude distribution of the synthetic earthquake catalogue, which is based on the physical characteristic and slip rate of the mapped faults, is consistent with the empirical distribution evaluated using record of instrumental and historical events. The obtained results are also in accordance with palaeoseismic studies and other independent kinematic deformation models of the Iranian Plateau. Using the synthetic catalogue, characteristic magnitude for all 16 active faults in the study area is determined. Magnitude and epicentre of these earthquakes are comparable with the historical records. Large earthquake recurrence times and their variations are evaluated, either for an individual fault or for the region as a whole. Goodness-of-fitness tests revealed that recurrence times can be well described by the Weibull distribution. Time-dependent conditional probabilities for large earthquakes in the study area are also estimated for different time intervals. The resulting synthetic catalogue can be utilized as a useful data set for hazard and risk assessment instead of short, incomplete and inhomogeneous available catalogues.
    Keywords: Seismology
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  • 53
    Publication Date: 2016-05-22
    Description: We measure ellipticity of teleseismic Rayleigh waves at 95 seismic stations in Northern Italy, for wave period between 10 and 110 s, using an automatic technique and a large volume of high-quality seismic recordings from over 500 global earthquakes that occurred in 2008–2014. Northern Italy includes a wide range of crustal structures, from the wide and deep Po Plain sedimentary basin to outcropping sedimentary and crystalline rocks in the Northern Apennines and Alps. It thus provides an excellent case for studying the influence of shallow earth structure on polarization of surface waves. The ellipticity measurements show excellent spatial correlation with geological features in the region, such as high ellipticity associated with regions of low seismic velocity in the Po Plain and low ellipticity values in faster, hard rock regions in the Alps and Apennine mountains. Moreover, the observed ellipticity values also relate to the thickness of the basement, as highlighted by observed differences beneath the Alps and the Apennines. Comparison between observations and predicted ellipticity from a reference crustal model of the region show substantial fit, particularly for T ~ 38 s data. Discrepancy for shorter wave period suggests that slight modifications of the model are needed, and that the ellipticity measurements could help to better constrain the shallow crustal structure of the region. Predictions for the Po Plain are larger than the observations by a factor of four or more and transition from retrograde to prograde Rayleigh wave motion at the surface for periods of T ~ 10–13 s is predicted for seismic stations in the plain. Analysis of corresponding real data indicates a possible detection of teleseismic prograde particle motion, but the weak teleseismic earthquake signals are mixed with ambient noise signals at the predicted, short, transition periods. Detection of the period of polarity inversion from the joint analysis of earthquake and ambient noise ellipticity measurements may provide further, stringent, constraints on the structure of sedimentary basins.
    Keywords: Seismology
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  • 54
    Publication Date: 2016-05-22
    Description: We investigated a detailed spatial distribution of principal stress axis orientations in the source area of the 2003 M6.4 Northern Miyagi Prefecture earthquake that occurred in the forearc of northeastern Japan. Aftershock hypocentres were precisely relocated by applying the double difference method to arrival time data obtained at temporary stations as well as at surrounding routine stations. We picked many P -wave polarity data from seismograms at these stations, which enabled us to obtain 312 well-determined focal mechanism solutions. Stress tensor inversions were performed by using these focal mechanism data. The results show that quite a lot of focal mechanisms are difficult to explain by the uniform stress field, especially near the large slip area of the main-shock rupture. Stress tensor inversions at the location of individual earthquakes show that 1 axes are orientated mainly to WSW–ENE in the northern part of the source area, while they are oriented to NW–SE in the southern part. This spatial pattern is roughly similar to those of the static stress change by the main shock, which suggests that the observed spatially heterogeneous stress field was formed by the static stress change. If this is the case, the deviatoric stress magnitude before the main shock was very small. Another possibility is the heterogeneous stress field observed after the main shock had existed even before the main shock, although we do not know why it was formed. Unfavourable orientation of the main shock fault with respect to this stress field suggests that the fault is not strong in this case too.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 55
    Publication Date: 2016-05-22
    Description: Kawakatsu et al. and Kawakatsu introduced a new fifth parameter, , to describe transverse isotropy (TI). Considering that characterizes the incidence angle dependence of body wave phase velocities for TI models, its relevance for body wave seismology is obvious. Here, we derive expressions for partial derivatives (sensitivity kernels) of surface wave phase velocity and normal mode eigenfrequency for the new set of five parameters. The partial derivative for is about twice as large as that for the conventional , indicating that should be more readily resolved. While partial derivatives for S velocities are not so changed, those for P velocities are significantly modified; the sensitivity for anisotropic P velocities is greatly reduced. In contrary to the suggestion by Dziewonski & Anderson and Anderson & Dziewonski, there is not much control on the anisotropic P velocities. On the other hand, the significance of for long-period seismology has become clear.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 56
    Publication Date: 2016-05-27
    Description: A new Matched Filtering Algorithm (MFA) is proposed for detecting and analysing microseismic events recorded by downhole monitoring of hydraulic fracturing. This method requires a set of well-located template (‘parent’) events, which are obtained using conventional microseismic processing and selected on the basis of high signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio and representative spatial distribution of the recorded microseismicity. Detection and extraction of ‘child’ events are based on stacked, multichannel cross-correlation of the continuous waveform data, using the parent events as reference signals. The location of a child event relative to its parent is determined using an automated process, by rotation of the multicomponent waveforms into the ray-centred co-ordinates of the parent and maximizing the energy of the stacked amplitude envelope within a search volume around the parent's hypocentre. After correction for geometrical spreading and attenuation, the relative magnitude of the child event is obtained automatically using the ratio of stacked envelope peak with respect to its parent. Since only a small number of parent events require interactive analysis such as picking P - and S -wave arrivals, the MFA approach offers the potential for significant reduction in effort for downhole microseismic processing. Our algorithm also facilitates the analysis of single-phase child events, that is, microseismic events for which only one of the S - or P -wave arrivals is evident due to unfavourable S/N conditions. A real-data example using microseismic monitoring data from four stages of an open-hole slickwater hydraulic fracture treatment in western Canada demonstrates that a sparse set of parents (in this case, 4.6 per cent of the originally located events) yields a significant (more than fourfold increase) in the number of located events compared with the original catalogue. Moreover, analysis of the new MFA catalogue suggests that this approach leads to more robust interpretation of the induced microseismicity and novel insights into dynamic rupture processes based on the average temporal (foreshock–aftershock) relationship of child events to parents.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 57
    Publication Date: 2016-05-27
    Description: We have obtained new results in the statistical analysis of global earthquake catalogues with special attention to the largest earthquakes, and we examined the statistical behaviour of earthquake rate variations. These results can serve as an input for updating our recent earthquake forecast, known as the ‘Global Earthquake Activity Rate 1’ model (GEAR1), which is based on past earthquakes and geodetic strain rates. The GEAR1 forecast is expressed as the rate density of all earthquakes above magnitude 5.8 within 70 km of sea level everywhere on earth at 0.1 x 0.1 degree resolution, and it is currently being tested by the Collaboratory for Study of Earthquake Predictability. The seismic component of the present model is based on a smoothed version of the Global Centroid Moment Tensor (GCMT) catalogue from 1977 through 2013. The tectonic component is based on the Global Strain Rate Map, a ‘General Earthquake Model’ (GEM) product. The forecast was optimized to fit the GCMT data from 2005 through 2012, but it also fit well the earthquake locations from 1918 to 1976 reported in the International Seismological Centre-Global Earthquake Model (ISC-GEM) global catalogue of instrumental and pre-instrumental magnitude determinations. We have improved the recent forecast by optimizing the treatment of larger magnitudes and including a longer duration (1918–2011) ISC-GEM catalogue of large earthquakes to estimate smoothed seismicity. We revised our estimates of upper magnitude limits, described as corner magnitudes, based on the massive earthquakes since 2004 and the seismic moment conservation principle. The new corner magnitude estimates are somewhat larger than but consistent with our previous estimates. For major subduction zones we find the best estimates of corner magnitude to be in the range 8.9 to 9.6 and consistent with a uniform average of 9.35. Statistical estimates tend to grow with time as larger earthquakes occur. However, by using the moment conservation principle that equates the seismic moment rate with the tectonic moment rate inferred from geodesy and geology, we obtain a consistent estimate of the corner moment largely independent of seismic history. These evaluations confirm the above-mentioned corner magnitude value. The new estimates of corner magnitudes are important both for the forecast part based on seismicity as well as the part based on geodetic strain rates. We examine rate variations as expressed by annual earthquake numbers. Earthquakes larger than magnitude 6.5 obey the Poisson distribution. For smaller events the negative-binomial distribution fits much better because it allows for earthquake clustering.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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  • 58
    Publication Date: 2016-05-28
    Description: In order to improve our understanding of hazardous underground cavities, the development and collapse of a ~200 m wide salt solution mining cavity was seismically monitored in the Lorraine basin in northeastern France. The microseismic events show a swarm-like behaviour, with clustering sequences lasting from seconds to days, and distinct spatiotemporal migration. Observed microseismic signals are interpreted as the result of detachment and block breakage processes occurring at the cavity roof. Body wave amplitude patterns indicated the presence of relatively stable source mechanisms, either associated with dip-slip and/or tensile faulting. Signal overlaps during swarm activity due to short interevent times, the high-frequency geophone recordings and the limited network station coverage often limit the application of classical source analysis techniques. To overcome these shortcomings, we investigated the source mechanisms through different procedures including modelling of observed and synthetic waveforms and amplitude spectra of some well-located events, as well as modelling of peak-to-peak amplitude ratios for the majority of the detected events. We extended the latter approach to infer the average source mechanism of many swarming events at once, using multiple events recorded at a single three component station. This methodology is applied here for the first time and represents a useful tool for source studies of seismic swarms and seismicity clusters. The results obtained with different methods are consistent and indicate that the source mechanisms for at least 50 per cent of the microseismic events are remarkably stable, with a predominant thrust faulting regime with faults similarly oriented, striking NW–SE and dipping around 35°–55°. This dominance of consistent source mechanisms might be related to the presence of a preferential direction of pre-existing crack or fault structures. As an interesting byproduct, we demonstrate, for the first time directly on seismic data, that the source radiation pattern significantly controls the detection capability of a seismic station and network.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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