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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Keywords: permittivity ; viscosity ; interactions.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Notes: Abstract An empirical relation is proposed wherein the inverse of the permittivity of a pure liquid is described as a linear function of the inverse of the viscosity. It also provides a simple method of calculating the permittivity of a solid at the freezing temperature.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Keywords: atoms; ; positron--electron pairs; ; toroidal spiral field
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Notes: Abstract In a previous paper the theory of the toroidal spiral field was employed to derive equations for the stationary orbits of particles that belong to both the atomic nucleus and electrons orbiting the nucleus. This theory offered new relativistic relationships for both the mass and electrical charges, leading to the existence inside the nucleus of particles with not only opposite electrical charges in comparison with the electrons, but also with the masses of opposite sign. In this paper, this theory was applied to create a model of the atom that consists of positive and negative muons, positrons and electrons. The two methods that are used to determine the stationary orbits of particles are: (1) quantizing the particle angular momentum, and (2) quantizing the particle relative electrical charge. The existence of particles with the charges 1/3 and 2/3 is explained by the relativistic dependence of the electrical charges on the particle velocity and also by the quantum character of these charges. Creation of the particles and their distribution in the orbits follows the proposed rule of duality and the rule of stability. The theory describes the processes of creation, excitation and annihilation of the positron-electron pairs inside the atoms. In addition, it explains the nature of the self-sustaining movement of particles inside the atom and illustrates the similarity between the propagation of the positron--electron pair inside the atom and the propagation of electromagnetic waves in a free space. It gives a novel interpretation of the physical meaning of Maxwell's ‘displacement current’ and demonstrates that electromagnetic fields are intimately associated with electrical charges.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Keywords: elementary particle theory; ; structure of elementary particles; ; properties of particles; ; model for particles.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Notes: Abstract A new theory of elementary particles is developed with the assumption that all real and virtual particles are not point-like. The structure, the diameter, the real mass, the bare charge and the spin for the simplest leptons are determined. The volume of the elementary particle is composed of several three-dimensional curved volumes lying in a higher dimensional flat space, and the mass and the different charges are located in these different subspaces. The properties of the elementary particles can be explained by the zero point energy and by the curvatures of the subspaces. The fundamental difference between the gravitational and the electric field strength could be presented.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Keywords: electric field ; gravity ; fifth force.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Notes: Abstract A charged parallel plate capacitor contains less electric energy when its plates are oriented parallel to a gravitational field than it contains when its plates are oriented perpendicular to the same field. If this energy difference can be detected by an observer located inside the field, then the capacitor should experience a torque until the electric field is perpendicular to the radial direction.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Speculations in science and technology 20 (1997), S. 233-236 
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Keywords: shear in the ; cylindrical rotation in the sun ; solar nutrino deficit
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Notes: Abstract It is hypothesized that the Sun is in cylindrical differential rotation, with constant shear. Evidence is presented that supports this hypothesis. Cylindrical rotation could cause the hydrogen-burning volume at the Sun's centre to be aspherical, and this in turn might give rise to an anisotropic neutrino flux. If so, this would bear on the long-standing problem of the apparent solar neutrino deficit.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Keywords: archosaurs ; endothermy ; metabolism ; obligatory bipedalism ; salt glands ; semiaquatic.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Notes: Abstract Evidence, amongst Triassic thecodonts, of energetic upright postures and advanced bipedalism (or the vestiges of such characteristics) reveals that both endothermic and ectothermic thecodonts were descended from warm-blooded archosaurs with rapid metabolisms. Arboreal and aquatic adaptations in bipedal iguanians, and in extinct thecodonts, suggest that the emergence of reptilian bipedal locomotion is related to an arboreal-aquatic existence. But endothermy-required obligatory bipedalism could not have arisen in fauna-poor freshwater environments. The possible existence, in faunivorous thecodonts, of functional (or vestigial) cranial salt glands may suggest that the earliest semiaquatic archosaurs originated in fauna-prolific marine environments. If archosaurs were originally semiaquatic (marine) predators, then the existence of archosaurian endothermy could have initially emerged as an adaptation to increase metabolic heat production under the enhanced thermal cold stresses of the marine hydrosphere, while concurrently augmenting the rate of metabolic water production within saltwater environments inherently lacking in palatable freshwater resources.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Speculations in science and technology 20 (1997), S. 285-289 
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Keywords: single-particle classical motion ; force ; friction.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Notes: Abstract We speculate the existence of a new type of single-particle classical motion where conservative force and random noise are present but friction is absent. Our motivating arguments, stochastic probabilities, and comparison with the Brownian motion are discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Keywords: Archimedes' principle ; balloons.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Notes: Abstract One consequence of Archimedes' principle is that the mass which a balloon supports in a fluid is independent of the shape of the balloon and depends only upon its volume. For air-filled floating balloons in water some deviations from this result have been observed in first-stage experiments. The dependence of mass on the shape of the balloon which is supported in water has been clearly observed in various observations. It is evident from the first-stage experiments that for floating balloons the principle is only true for particular shapes. The deviations from the principle and contradictions can be explained if the definition of the principle is empirically modified i.e. it is assumed that the upthrust experienced by body is proportional to the weight of the fluid displaced. The constant of proportionality also accounts for shape of body and other relevant factors that were not accounted for by the principle.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Keywords: faster-than-light particles
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Notes: Abstract The possible existence of faster-than-light particles, which are forbidden by the known laws of physics, have been studied by many physicists. But the existence of such particles has not been confirmed by experiments. This paper shows that faster-than-light phenomena can be permitted for highly accelerated elementary particles if they have a very small mass compared to that of the electron.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    ISSN: 1573-9309
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General , Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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