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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Review of industrial organization 10 (1995), S. 675-687 
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Advertising ; product differentiation ; manufacturing industries
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract Economists accept the importance of advertising to firm rivalry and economic performance, but data limitations have frustrated empirical research. This paper addresses that frustration and compares sources of advertising data. The paper concludes that data provided by a private vendor on measured-media consumer advertising represents the best choice, but involves substantial effort to link it to the Census industrial classification system. The authors do this for 284 manufacturing industries for Census years 1967 and 1982. Comparisons of industry advertising levels and advertising-to-sales ratios are given. Relative advertising levels and intensities have remained remarkably stable over the 15 year period.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Productivity ; performance analysis ; telecommunications ; L96 (Telecommunications) ; M40 (Accounting: General)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract We undertake a study where we examine changes in the profitability, productivity and price recovery of firms in the U.S. telecommunications industry over a sixteen-year period. We assess the performance of thirty-three major companies in the local-exchange sector over six time periods 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, 1987 and 1990, using a performance analysis model which disaggregates the profitability measure into two components: productivity and price recovery. We demonstrate the computation of performance using this technique. Our study indicates that the opening up of markets has had a significant impact on different dimensions of performance in the telecommunications industry, also validating a number of theoretical assumptions about the impact that industry changes are expected to have on firms.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Small business ; structure ; performance ; concentration
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Concluding Remarks While the Greek manufacturing sector as a whole was under stress in the 1980s, Greek industrial structure was in a process of change. The sales share of SMEs grew on average. With strong evidence that equilibrium structure was shifting, the variation of SME shares across sectors was driven primarily by a negative effect of market size and by positive effects of SME performance variables as relative efficiency and capital intensity. The adjustment of industry structure appeared incomplete as of 1990, indicating that more change was due after that year. Perhaps the most important element of these findings is that a picture of mobility rather than immobility emerges with respect to Greek industry. The fact that structure is not frozen by high preexisting concentration but is changing; the fact that the emerging equilibrium structure appears highly responsive to SMEs' own strategies for technical adjustment and higher efficiency; the fact that traditional entry barriers such as those generated by capital intensity and product differentiation, appear not to have taken significant effect as determinants of Greek structure, all testify to a relatively flexible condition which can proceed effectively to restructuring for higher international competitiveness. It is highly likely that these effects have been caused by full Greek membership in the EC in 1981. The removal of trade protection must have set in motion the restructuring process which is visible in our results. The question of whether the resulting new equilibrium will be internationally efficient over the long-run is of course a serious matter for future research.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Review of industrial organization 11 (1996), S. 125-133 
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Monopoly power ; competition ; market structure ; econometrics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract Some implications of Hyde and Perloff's paper on whether monopoly power can be measured are considered. It is concluded that measuring monopoly power requires a long-run view, with a focus on the implications of product differentiation, and a reliance on accounting data.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Entry ; exit ; retailing ; displacement ; replacement
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract In this study the determinants of entry and exit and the interrelationship between these market phenomena are investigated. We examine incentives, barriers, displacement and replacement for a panel data-set of 23 Dutch shoptypes for the 1981–1988 period. Results indicate that profit as a ratio of modal income, growth of consumer spending and growing unemployment are important incentives to enter and disincentives to exit. Requirements of floorspace and professional skills appear to reduce entry rates. We find evidence for entry and exit to interact but not to be simultaneously determined. The implication being that entry (exit) has a separate influence on exit (entry) next to market incentives and entry and exit barriers.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Review of industrial organization 11 (1996), S. 307-323 
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Mergers ; manufacturing and mining ; time-series ; integration ; cointegration
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract This paper uses the NPV approach to merger decisions to select variables which are expected to explain changes in the aggregate number of mergers of US manufacturing and mining firms over time. We test for and estimate a cointegrating relationship between such variables. We find that in the long run the number of mergers and acquisitions is positively related both to the level of manufacturing production and to the level of the nominal bond yield. A short run dynamic model is also presented. Annual changes in merger and acquisition activity were found to be positively related to current changes in Tobin's Q and changes in Q lagged one, two and four years; positively related to changes in the current bond yield but negatively related to changes in the yield in the previous year; and finally that changes in merger activity were related to the degree to which the number of mergers differed from the long run or equilibrium value in the previous year.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Trade policy ; conjectural variations ; markovian strategies
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract The authors study strategic trade policy in the framework of an explicit dynamic game in which home and foreign duopolists compete in a third-country market for non-competitive rents. Dynamics are introduced on the demand side by assuming demand for the product depends on past consumption of that good. The analysis demonstrates that the perfect equilibrium of the dynamic game can be replicated by a conjectural variations equilibrium, and that optimal policy requires a tax on exports.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Advertising ; brand ; generic ; collusion ; spillovers
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract This study uses Lancaster's (1966, 1979) characteristics model of consumer theory, combined with imperfect information, to support a firm's advertising choice of a combination of brand and generic advertising. However, as consumers become well educated about a firm's product, spillovers from generic advertising become large. When spillovers are large, firms have a greater incentive to collude on generic advertising. The firm's decision to include advertising collectively with its competitors will follow from its own analysis of the benefits versus the costs of such a union. The success of collective advertising may, however, depend on the control of free-riders.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Antidumping ; entry barriers ; learning-by-doing ; semiconductors
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract Studies of the economic effect of learning-by-doing in production have been hampered by the difficulty in obtaining firm-specific cost of production data. After the 1986 Trade Agreement between the United States and Japan, the U.S. Commerce Department made public masked versions of the cost of production of many semiconductor products sold in the U.S. by Japanese firms. This paper presents some of these masked, quarterly, firm-specific production cost data for different densities of DRAMs and EPROMs. The data do not give much support to the hypothesis of strong firm-specific learning-by-doing in semiconductor production. The rate of learning-by-doing may also differ significantly across firms, which also casts doubt on the impact of learning-by-doing on market structure.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Review of industrial organization 11 (1996), S. 459-471 
    ISSN: 1573-7160
    Keywords: Regulation ; incentives ; price caps ; competition
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Abstract This paper examines the properties of a price-cap regulatory regime similar in design to a plan recently proposed by AGT Ltd. in hearings on Alternative Forms of Regulation before the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. The price-cap plan incorporates a number of novel features which include (i) quantity weights that evolve through time rather than remaining fixed; (ii) adjustments for productivity that incorporate yardstick competition; and (iii) allowing the weights to reflect the firm's market power or absence thereof in the presence of competition. Hence, should competitive circumstances permit, the regulatory regime allows for its own sunset.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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