Key words Microwave
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract The innovations in microwave processing of ceramics have been dominated to date by serendipitous discovery, because the interaction between such radiation as delivered via available tools and the materials of widely varying properties, sizes, and shapes is so complex that it has defied quantitative analysis. For over 10 years a wide variety of inorganic ceramic and semiconducting materials have been synthesized, sintered, and reacted in our own labs, including microwave hydrothermal synthesis of metals, ferrites, and electroceramic phases. These local results are summarized and used as the reference point for reporting on two different new advances: sintering of WC-Co composite tool bits and other similar objects in under 15 min, while retaining extremely fine microstructures, without any grain growth inhibitors; using reduced TiO2 or Ta2O5 for the synthesis of phases such as BaTiO3, Ba3MgTa2O9, and Pb(Zr.Ti)O3 in a few minutes in a 2.45 GHz field at the astonishing temperatures of 300–700 ºC.
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