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  • 1
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: Orbital mapping analysis, based on EHT and CNDO/2 semiempirical molecular orbitals, has been used to survey the thermal, disrotatory, ring-opening isomerizations of bicyclo[2.2.0]hexa-2,5-dienes (Dewar benzenes), bicyclo[2.1.0]pent-2-enes, and bicyclo[2.1.0]pent-2-en-5-yl ions to their planar isomers. Results indicate that isoelectronic substitution (CH replaced by C-, O+, N, NH+, etc.) in the molecular framework may favor allowed thermal reactions in some cases, in contrast to the disallowed reaction predicted for the parent hydrocarbons.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 1 (1980), S. 36-45 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: The variable-size simplex optimization method is used to reparametrize the I + A and β parameters of an INDO approximation to the perturbed Hartree-Fock calculation of 13C chemical shifts in hydrocarbons. The absolute shifts for 39 nuclei in a set of molecules containing up to four carbons are reproduced within a standard error of 9.9 ppm for an unconstrained optimization and to a standard error of 10.0 ppm for an optimization constrained to yield gross atomic charges in agreement with double-zeta ab initio calculations.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 1 (1980), S. 69-75 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: The use of modified virtual orbitals is studied in a systematic conventional CI procedure which offers considerable potential in regard to convergence and extension to larger systems. The method is applied to the HCN molecule by using 37 basis functions, and analysis of energy expectation values, together with the one-electron density, yields some insight into the physical content of CI wavefunctions.
    Additional Material: 4 Tab.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 1 (1980), S. 76-80 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: Empirical force field calculations were performed on hexamethylbenzene to elucidate the internal motions of the methyl groups. When the benzene ring is constrained to be planar (as in solid-phase studies), the methyl groups undergo a geared, disrotatory motion. When this constraint is relaxed, results are force field dependent. Calculated barriers are in good agreement with experimentally determined values.
    Additional Material: 3 Tab.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 1 (1980), S. 88-93 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: The total energies and one-electron energies for first- and second-row atoms were calculated by using the Hartree-Fock and the Hartree-Fock-Slater Hamiltonian with Xα orbitals, ui(αexp); α was parametrized from EHFS(αexp) = Eexp. The EHF(αexp) total energies are always higher than the Hartree-Fock energies for the atoms. The relation of the calculated ionization potential to the experimental ionization potential depends on the α used to define ui(α), αexp, or αHF.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 1 (1980), S. 99-109 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: A study is reported of the accuracy with which the geometries of pyranose and methyl pyranoside molecules are predicted by molecular mechanics. Calculations of the conformational energies of the model compounds dihydroxymethane, methoxymethanol, and dimethoxymethane, made with the program MMI, produced results that compare well with previous ab initio molecular orbital calculations. This indicates that MMI gives a satisfactory account of the energetic and conformational aspects of the anomeric effect, a conclusion further supported by calculations on 2-methoxytetrahydropyran. The prediction of the observed preferred conformations of the primary alcohol group in aldohexopyranoses appears to be less satisfactory. MMI-CARB, a version of MMI with changes in some of the equilibrium C—O bond lengths of the program, has been used to calculate the geometries of 13 pyranose and methyl pyranoside molecules, the crystal structures of which have been studied by neutron diffraction. When the C—C—O—H torsion angles are constrained to approximately the values observed in the crystal structures, good agreement is obtained between the theoretical and experimental molecular geometries. The rms deviation for C—C and C—O bonds, excluding those significantly affected by thermal motion in the crystal structure determinations, is 0.005 Å. Corresponding figures for the valence angles that do not involve hydrogen atoms and for the ring torsion angles are 1.2° and 2.0°, respectively. The Cremer and Pople puckering parameters for the pyranose rings are reproduced within 0.026 Å in Q and 5.4° in θ.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: Ab initio molecular orbital calculations have been carried out for the neutrals X—NH2, X—OH, and X—F and the anions X—NH- and X—O- with substituents X = Li, BeH, BH2, CH3, NH2, OH, and F. All structures have been fully optimized with the 4-31G basis set which is found to perform considerably better than the minimal STO-3G basis in predicting the lengths of strongly polar bonds. A quantitative analysis of interactions between the directly bonded groups, utilizing energy changes in hydrogenation reactions, is presented and rationalized with the aid of perturbation molecular orbital theory. Favorable interactions occur when electron-donor groups bond to electron-acceptor groups. This applies to both σ and π interactions, the relative importance of which depends on the particular substituents.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: Several “core-deficient” small Gaussian basis sets were constructed and analyzed in terms of the balance requirements of functions that contribute predominantly to the core. Variations in the conformational energy barriers and geometrical parameters for ammonia and ethane, calculated with these basis sets, were analyzed with a gradient technique. A scheme for the reduction of the size of molecular basis sets is proposed.
    Additional Material: 4 Tab.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: An algorithm is developed for generating and characterizing carcinogenic catacondensed benzenoid hydrocarbons. The bay regions in these structures are identified by a technique that we developed at Johns Hopkins. Using the three-digit code proposed by Balaban, and the concept of ring adjacency matrix expounded here, we generate catacondensed benzenoid hydrocarbons in the computer and identify the number of potentially carcinogenic bay regions in each of them. The results of computer generation agree with the combinatorial enumeration of Harary and Read. All structures containing up to five rings and some with six rings and the number of bay regions in these are presented. Computer results for the structures and bay regions of all seven-, eight-, and nine-membered unbranched catacondensed benzenoid hydrocarbons and the number of bays are available from the authors.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 1 (1980), S. 129-133 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: MNDO and MINDO/3 calculations were used to study the photochemical formation, thermal rearrangements, and dissociation of bicyclo[2.1.0]pentenone. The “forbidden” thermal conversion to cyclopentadienone requires little activation, which accounts for the low kinetic stability of bicyclo[2.1.0]pentenone. The theoretical results seem to be compatible with the available experimental evidence for the tri-tert-butyl-substituted systems and suggest an explanation for observed differences in reactivity.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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