Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The p-ρ-T relationships have been measured for 1,1-difluoroethane (R152a) and 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (R143a) by an isochoric method with gravimetric determinations of the amount of substance. Temperatures ranged from 158 to 400 K for R152a and from 166 to 400 K for R143a, while pressures were up to 35 MPa. Measurements were conducted on compressed liquid samples. Determinations of saturated liquid densities were made by extrapolating each isochore to the vapor pressure, and determining the temperature and density at the intersection. Published p-ρ-T data are in good agreement with this study. For the p-ρ-T apparatus, the uncertainty of the temperature is ±0.03 K, and for pressure it is ±0.01% at p〉3 MPa and ±0.05% at p<3 MPa. The principal source of uncertainty is the cell volume (∼28.5 cm3), which has a standard uncertainty of ±0.003 cm3. When all components of experimental uncertainty are considered, the expanded relative uncertainty (with a coverage factor k=2 and thus a two-standard deviation estimate) of the density measurements is estimated to be ±0.05%.
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