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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chirality 1 (1989), S. 57-62 
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: chiral stationary phase ; α-amino phosphonate ; chromatographic separation of enantiomers ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A chiral statonary phase (CSP) derived from an N-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)-α-aminobenzylphosphonate has been prepared and evaluated for its utility in the direct separation of enantiomers. This CSP, 2, is structurally related to earlier N-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)-α-acids acid-derived phases (e.g., CSP 1), but the mode of attachment to the support is different. In scope; CSP 2 is qualitaively similar to CSP 1. However, it differs quantitatively from CSP 1, showing either greater or lesser selectivity for different pairs of enantiomers.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chirality 1 (1989), S. 89-91 
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: asmmetric induction ; bacterial cell wall ; D-Ala-D-Ala ; dipeptide ; peptidoglycan ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Absolute stereochemical control is employed in the synthesis of isosteres for dipeptide subunits 1; see Fig. (1) in which the amide linkage has been replaced by a trans carbon-caron double bond. The synthesis affords access to the four stereoisomers of 1 in which R and R' = CH3, including the isostere of D-alanine-d-alanine (D-ala-D-Ala), 2.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chirality 1 (1989), S. 94-95 
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chirality 1 (1989), S. 97-97 
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chirality 1 (1989), S. 121-126 
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: stereoselective metabolism ; sulfate conjugation ; in vitro sulfation ; sympathomimetic amines ; chiral separation ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Little is known about the stereochemistry of sulfation of chiral phenolic drugs. In this study we examined several in vitro approaches to this question, using (+)-, (-)-, or (±)-terbutaline as the substrate and the rat liver cytosol as the phenolsulfotransferase enzyme source. The cosubstrate PAPS was either generated by the cytosol from inorganic sulfate and ATP or added to the cytosol. The intact sulfate conjugates formed were determined by HPLC. Using the PAPS generating system, which is best suited for the production of relatively large quantities of sulfate conjugates, with the individual enantiomers as substrates, (+)-terbutaline was conjugated to a much greater extent than (-)-terbutaline; the (+)/(-)-enantiomer ratio was 7.3 ± 0.3 (mean ± SE). When (±)-terbutaline was the substrate and chiral derivatization was employed to separate the sulfate enantiomers formed, a similar (+)/(-)-enantiomer ratio of 7.9 ± 0.2 was obtained. With PAP35S added to the cytosol, an approach best suited for kinetic studies, the substrate concentration dependence of sulfation could be determined. The Km app for this reaction was identical for (+)- and (-)-terbutaline. However, the Vmax app was 8.1 ± 0.4 times greater for (+)-terbutaline. This study for the first time shows enantioselectivity in sulfation of a chiral phenolic drug. The experimental approaches used should be valuable for human studies of stereoselectiven sulfation of terbutaline and other chiral drugs.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: enantiomeric separations ; chiral stationary phase ; Pirkle-type phases ; HPLC ; anthelmintics ; benzimidazole sulfoxides ; albendazole ; fenbendazole ; oxfendazole ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The direct enantiomeric resolution of albendazole sulfoxide (SOABZ), an anthelmintic drug belonging to the benzimidazole class, is reported on a chiral stationary phase (CSP) synthesized by covalent binding of (S)-N-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)tyrosine-O-(2-propen-1-yl) methyl ester on a γ-mercaptopropylsilanized silica gel. A comparison with the resolution achieved on commercially available Pirkle-type CSPs obtained from N-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl) derivatives of (R)-phenyglycine or (S)-phenylalanine is described. Some structurally related chiral sulfoxides including oxfendazole (SOFBZ) are also studied. Optimization of the mobile phase nature and composition is investigated showing that a hexane-dioxane-ethanol ternary mixture affords an almost baseline resolution (Rs = 1.25); however, in this case, albendazole sulfone (SO2ABZ) is eluted between the two sulfoxide enantiomers; accordingly, a hexane-ethanol mobile phase would be preferred for biological samples containing both metabolites. The influence of temperature on the resolution is depicted with a hexane-ethanol mobile phase. Finally, application to the enantiomeric assays of SOABZ in plasmatic extracts of rat, sheep, bovin, and man after oral administration of albendazole (sulfoxidized to SOABZ and SO2ABZ) is reported. Some distortions in the enantiomeric ratios are evidenced depending on the species.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: phenglutarimide enantiomers ; enantioselectivity ; antiparkinsonian drugs ; M1-selective antagonists ; rabbit vas deferens ; pirenzepine ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The affinity of the enantiomers of phenglutarimide at three muscarinic receptor subtypes was examined in vitro using field-stimulated rabbit vas deferens (M1 receptors) and guinea pig atria (M2α receptors) and ileum (M2β receptors). Extremely high stereoselectivity was observed and higher affinities (up to 6000-fold) were found for the (+)-S-enantiomer. The stereoselectivity ratios were different at the three subtypes, and the stereochemical demands made by the muscarinic receptors were most stringent at M1 receptors. (+)-(S)-Phenglutarimide was found to be a potent M1-selective antagonist (pA2 at M1 = 8.53). Its receptor selectivity profile is qualitatively similar to that of pirenzepine. (-)-(R)-Phenglutarimide showed no comparable discriminatory properties.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chirality 1 (1989) 
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chirality 1 (1989), S. 178-179 
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chirality 1 (1989), S. 202-208 
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: opioid ligand ; 4-arylpiperidines ; conformation, NMR ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The synthesis and stereochemistry (configuration and preferred solute conformation) of some 4-alkyl (methyl, n-propyl, isobutyl)-4-(3-hydrxyphenyl)-1-methylpiperidines and corresponding 3-methyl diastereoisomeric pairs are reported, together with their in vivo and in vitro activities as opioid ligands. All potent agonists exhibit a preference for axial 4-aryl chair conformations when protonated, and stereochemical analogies with rigid opioids of the benzomorphan class are discussed. Antagonist properties are found in compounds with preference for equatorial 4-aryl chairs, notably the cis 3,4-dimethyl derivative.
    Additional Material: 3 Tab.
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