Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Human glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (d-glucose 6-phosphate: NADP oxidoreductase, EC 188.8.131.52) (A+), an electrophoretically distinguishable variant found in Negroes, was purified by column chromatographic techniques. The sedimentation patterns of analytical ultracentrifugation and interference patterns of sedimentation equilibrium indicate a homogeneous preparation. The molecular weight (by sedimentation equilibrium method) was estimated as 230,000, which was closely similar to that of the normal wild type enzyme (B+). The sedimentation constant of the variant enzyme (S 20,w=9.0) was smaller than that of the B+ enzyme (S 20,w=10.0). The molecular weight was about 45,000 in 4 mguanidine hydrochloride, indicating that the A+ enzyme, as well as the B+ enzyme, consisted of six subunits of similar size. The optimal pH of the variant enzyme was slightly higher than that of the B+ enzyme. In contrast to the B+ enzyme, magnesium ion increased the A+ enzyme activity with NAD as substrate. The Michaelis constants and the turnover rate were similar to those of the B+ enzyme. The A+ enzyme was serologically indistinguishable from the B+ enzyme when the anti-B+ serum was used as antibody. No significant difference was found in the amino acid composition of acid hydrolysates of the B+ and the A+ enzymes. This does not exclude an amino acid substitution, and, in fact, a single amino acid substitution, i.e., asparagine in B+ and aspartic acid in A+ enzyme, has been found and is being being reported separately.
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