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  • 1
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    ISDS
    Online: 1(1).2012 –
    Publisher: ISDS
    Electronic ISSN: 2186-8662
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-08-02
    Description: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between remittances, financial sector development, and economic growth in Nigeria over the period 1981 to 2017. The study used the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model to analyze the long-run and short-run relationships between the variables. The outcome of the study revealed that the variables are bound together in the long-run. The results also showed that remittances have a negative and significant effect on economic growth both in the long-run and short-run. The study also established that financial sector development has a negative and significant impact on economic growth both in the long-run and short-run. Further, the study confirmed the existence of complementarity between remittances and financial sector development in influencing economic growth. In addition, study revealed that inflation has a negative and significant effect on economic growth both in the long-run and short-run. The findings of the study showed that trade openness, government expenditure, and population growth have no significant impact on economic growth both in the long-run and short-run.
    Keywords: F24 ; F43 ; O16 ; ddc:330 ; Remittances ; financial development ; economic growth ; ARDL ; Nigeria
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2020-05-04
    Description: This study, examined the relationship between socio-economic characteristics of the urbanities and their intra-urban mobility patterns in and across six selected cities in Osun State, Nigeria. Primary source of data for this work is the households across the cities studied. Instruments of data collection were focusing group discussion and questionnaire administered on the urban residents to investigate the socio-economic characteristics of the households and their travel patterns. Stratified sampling technique was employed to select two cities each from large, medium and small urban centres in Osun State. One percent (2133) of the households in the selected cities was systematically and randomly sampled for data collection. The resulting data were descriptively and inferentially analyzed using tables, percentages and multiple regression analysis. Analysis reveals a positive relationship between the socio-economic and travel pattern of urbanites in the cities. The study shows that about 92.5% of the variability in the observed travel pattern is explained by the socio-economic characteristics of urban residents. The study concluded with the suggestion that urban planning must be done in such a way that it will enhance effective travel pattern within and among different socio-economic groups.
    Keywords: O18 ; R4 ; ddc:330 ; Socio-economic characteristics ; urbanites ; travel pattern ; Osun State
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2021-04-30
    Description: This study explored contribution of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to the sustainable development of the Nigerian and Ghanaian economies. The investigation was prompted by the apparent evidence of rising FDI inflows in the last two decades, which has failed to improve both nations' sustainable development drive significantly. The study employed the ordinary least square (OLS) econometric technique to test the effect of FDI inflows on sustainable development indicators using annual times series data from 2000 to 2018 obtained from both countries' World Development Indicators (WDI) for the period covering the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) era and the earlier stages of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the United Nations (UN). The findings revealed that Ghana performed better than Nigeria on social sustainability, measured in terms of education and healthcare indicators. However, on environmental and economic sustainability, Nigeria fared better. A percentage increase in FDI inflow to both countries enhances economic growth and economic sustainability by 0.30 percent. However, study indicated that the positive impact is statistically insignificant. This reveals that the difference in economic growth and economic sustainability in both countries is not accounted for by FDI.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; F21 ; O11 ; O47 ; Foreign direct investment (FDI) ; sustainable develo- pment ; ordinary least square (OLS) ; Nigeria ; Ghana
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-04-18
    Description: This paper examines the effect of foreign exchange news announcements on the volatility of stock returns in Nigeria, using the daily closing All-Share Index from The Nigerian Stock Exchange from 2000 to 2015. We extended existing literature by augmenting the EGARCH econometric model with exchange news announcements to specify both the conditional mean and volatility equations. The empirical results revealed a positive and significant effect of exchange news announcements on stock market volatility in Nigeria under symmetric conditional variance. However, there was strong evidence of asymmetric effect with negative exchange news which caused volatility to rise more following a large price rise than following a price fall of the same magnitude. The total impact of bad news had more distabilising effect on volatility than good news. The sum of ARCH and GARCH coefficients (» + Ø = 0.9) is approximately close to unity - indicating strong evidence of volatility persistence in the Nigerian stock market.
    Keywords: C22 ; C58 ; G12 ; ddc:330 ; volatility ; stock returns ; exchange news ; asymmetric ; volatility persistence
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 6
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    Jersey City, NJ: IJMESS International Publishers
    Publication Date: 2019-10-26
    Description: Marketing function is incomplete if macro marketing role of the marketing system is excluded. Similarly, the productive system would be meaningless if there are no middlemen to distribute the products. Given the critical role of market intermediaries in the delivery of value, this study aimed at investigating the influence of marketing mix strategies on customer satisfaction with the services of female market intermediaries (FMIs) in Benin City, Nigeria. It also examined the relationship between buyers' demographic factors and customer satisfaction. Using convenience sampling technique, a sample of 376 consumers who bought from FMIs in Benin City were selected for this study. Collected data were analyzed by using mean, t-test, ANOVA, and regression analysis. The results revealed that the product strategy adopted by the FMIs had the highest impact on customer satisfaction followed by promotion, distribution and price, except for relationship marketing and after sales that were found to be statistically insignificant in explaining customer satisfaction with FMI services. Further findings, however, showed that only education amongst other demographic factors significantly influenced consumer satisfaction. For FMIs to remain competitive in the 21st century, they need to pay more attention to developing skills in product, pricing, promotion, and distribution strategies given their significance in achieving customer satisfaction.
    Keywords: M13 ; ddc:330 ; Consumer satisfaction ; female market intermediaries (FMIs) ; marketing mix strategies ; Nigeria ; value chain
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2020-09-30
    Description: This study investigated the relationship between mobile money and Nigerian banks with the purpose of ascertaining if forward and backward causal linkages exist and the direction of causation between the two variables. This inquiry was motivated by the inherent challenges of a low level of awareness, enrolment and utilization of mobile money services in Nigeria despite the efforts of the government to replicate East Africa's success story in Nigeria. This study employed econometric techniques such as the modern autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model and Wald causality to respectively assess the relationship between the explained and explanatory variables and the direction of causality between mobile money and various banks' performance metrics using quarterly time series data between 2014 and 2018. The empirical results revealed that there is a causal relationship between mobile money and banks' performance indicators, such as profit before tax and total assets. On the premises of the empirical findings, the study concludes that mobile money has forward and backward linkages with banks. performance in Nigeria. This implies that Nigeria's mobile money market as presently constituted does provide attractive incentives for banks to leverage on in their quest to improve performance.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; C1 ; C12 ; E44 ; Mobile money ; bank performance ; Wald causality test ; ARDL ; Nigeria
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 8
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    Yaoundé: African Governance and Development Institute (AGDI)
    Publication Date: 2020-12-24
    Description: The "Avoid", "Shift" and "Improve" (A-S-I) approach is an effective method for transforming an unsustainable transport system to a sustainable one. This study intends to examine the possible impact of the A-S-I policy measures in transforming the transportation system in Lagos - the most populous city and the commercial capital of Nigeria. The study employs the Long Range Energy Alternative Planning (LEAP) model to project future energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions to determine the most effective A-S-I option for the city. We construct a business-as-usual scenario for Lagos as well as sustainable road transport alternative policy scenarios. The results show that Lagos' biggest obstacle to achieving its emission reduction target is the presence of very old vehicles on its roads. Our analysis shows that emission reduction in the road transport sector in Lagos is sensitive to vehicle survivability rate (i.e. the fraction of vehicles of a certain age still driven). We conclude that unless the age limit of vehicles in Lagos reduces from 40 years to 22 years, vehicle growth rate from 5% to 2% and mileage by 2% per year from 2020- 2032, Lagos may not achieve the target 50% emission reduction by 2032.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Road transport ; energy consumption ; greenhouse gas emissions ; LEAP ; Lagos, Nigeria
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 9
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    Yaoundé: African Governance and Development Institute (AGDI)
    Publication Date: 2020-12-24
    Description: Africa remains the most affected by environmental degradation, thereby exacerbating the negative effect of climate change in the region. Little empirical credence has been leaned to the institutions-environmental sustainability relationship in Africa. This omission in the literature of environmental sustainability is abysmal, considering the role of institutions and government in ecological preservation. To inform policy and research on the subject matter, we estimated a balanced panel data of the indices of good governance and strong institutions to explain transformation to environmental sustainability using the dynamic system generalised method of moment estimator from 1996 through 2017. Findings suggested a positive relationship between the rule of law and regulatory quality and transformation to environmental sustainability. An inverse relationship between government effectiveness and environmental sustainability was established. We recommended concerted effort at an institutional level such that policy and punishment for violation of greenhouse strategies will be optimum.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; E62 ; G13 ; Institutions ; Governance ; Environmental Sustainability ; system GMM ; Africa
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 10
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    Yaoundé: African Governance and Development Institute (AGDI)
    Publication Date: 2020-12-24
    Description: In spite of the massive revenue emanating from oil wealth, the successive government of Nigeria failed to give to its citizenry the dividend of democracy owing in large part to their inability to establish a market clearing situation because of inadequate linkage between the sources and the markets (transport infrastructures). An enquiry into the cause and potential solutions to the problems of transport infrastructure development in Nigeria informed the need to regress indices of fiscal vulnerability on the indicator of transport infrastructure development in Nigeria from 1986 through 2017 using the dynamic ordinary least squares regression technique. Results show that high-levelfiscal vulnerability deters optimal government expenditure on transport infrastructure development in Nigeria. Based on the findings of the study, itis recommended that government should do more to block all leakages of fiscal revenues and subsequently ensure that more allocation is channelled into transporting infrastructure development because of its forward and backward linkages.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; H5 ; E44 ; H12 ; R4 ; Fiscal Vulnerability ; Transport Infrastructure Development ; Nigeria
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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