ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Spanish  (1,609)
Collection
Keywords
Language
  • 101
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Description: Este trabajo sintetiza una serie de conceptos que han sido propuestos por la literatura lingüística para medir la complejidad de los distintos aspectos de los idiomas naturales (fonología, morfología, sintaxis, semántica). Se adentra también en el estudio de las relaciones que pueden establecerse entre dichas medidas de complejidad, y analiza la posible existencia de 'efectos de compensación' entre tales medidas (es decir, situaciones en las cuales una característica más compleja de un idioma se ve contrarrestada por otra más simple). Para ello se van introduciendo distintos criterios estadísticos y empíricos, que van desde las correlaciones simples hasta correlaciones parciales, coeficientes de regresión y parámetros surgidos de sistemas de ecuaciones. La mayoría de los conceptos se ilustran apelando a dos bases de datos interlingüísticas que ya han sido utilizadas por el autor en trabajos anteriores.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; complejidad lingüística ; correlación ; efectos de compensación ; ecuaciones simultáneas
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 102
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Keywords: D12 ; C13 ; C31 ; ddc:330 ; food demand ; AIDS ; elasticities
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 103
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Keywords: I31 ; O15 ; ddc:330 ; ICTs for development ; wellbeing ; capability approach ; Boliva ; STEP ; SEM
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 104
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Description: At the beginning of the 21st century, Bolivia presented improvements in the indicators of poverty and monetary inequality following the trend of Latin America. The analysis of the evolution of the Unsatisfied Basic Needs Index (NBI) also shows a positive trend. However, significant differences still persist by geographic area - urban and rural - and between departments. The period between 2004 and 2014 was characterized by an exceptional economic bonanza, mainly due to the increase in demand and international prices of raw materials. As of 2014, the fall in the price of tin, hydrocarbons and other raw materials marked the slowdown in the expansive cycle of the international economy and the prices of raw materials and the beginning of a cycle of economic retraction in the region. Considering the historical dependence of the regional economy on the boom and collapse of the prices of natural resources and, consequently, on the negative economic and social effects caused by a strong volatility of our markets, the following questions are imposed: What were the most important factors for the improvement of social indicators in the period of economic boom?, and what policies are needed to sustain the improvement of social indicators and continue to expand the well-being of the Bolivian population? The objective of the document is to present the social advances and the persistent problems to achieve the social well-being of all Bolivians based on the latest available official indicators and secondary studies, and explanations about the factors that affected the social improvements. The document offers a synthesis of the main challenges that the country still faces.
    Keywords: I31 ; I32 ; I38 ; I24 ; J21 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Poverty ; Inequality ; Social protection system ; employment ; income and salaries ; social policies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 105
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Keywords: H55 ; J16 ; J14 ; ddc:330 ; social security ; retirement ; gender ; inequality
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 106
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We use the national Input-Output Matrix 2012 of INEGI and Flegg's approach to estimate four Regional Input-Output Matrices (RIOM) applying Banco de Mexico's regionalization. The RIOM are employed to evaluate the effects on gross output, value added and employment at the regional level resulting from two shocks: (a) the construction of a hypothetical automotive plant worth 1,000 million dollars; and (b) the production of 200,000 vehicles per year in that plant. The exercise reveals that: (i) the construction and the operation of the plant at full capacity have differentiated effects across regions and sectors on the studied variables, in both absolute and relative terms; (ii) the spillover effects resulting of both shocks within each region are concentrated in a limited number of sectors; and (iii) the north central region resulted to be the one receiving the largest relative benefits from both shocks.
    Keywords: R11 ; R12 ; R15 ; ddc:330 ; Input-Output Model ; Regional Analysis ; Multiplier Effects ; Automotive Sector
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 107
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper analyzes educational inequalities in basic education considering educational backwardness as individual achievement in the learning process in Bolivia. We make special emphasis on the effect of the type of school, whether public or private, to establish the degree of a gap that differentiates education in Bolivia. Considering the 2006-2014 period, initially it is identify what factors influence a child to enroll in a particular type of education, finding that the household income is the most important factor. Second, the Equality of Opportunities scheme is adopted, identifying a set of socioeconomic characteristics of the child's house (circumstances), that together with type of education, can influence the child gets lag. Thus, characteristics such as the socioeconomic background of the family are important source of inequality of educational opportunities, which interact with the effect of the type of school, proving a relative advantage of the private school over the public, showing that educational opportunities are not the same for all children.
    Keywords: I24 ; I25 ; O15 ; ddc:330 ; Educational Inequalities ; Equality of Opportunities ; Public and Private School
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 108
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wissensgesellschaft ; Qualifikation ; Kreativität ; Innovation ; Neurowissenschaften
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 109
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: I15 ; I25 ; O15 ; ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Geburt ; Kinder ; Gesundheitsrisiko ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 110
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: En este documento se definirá que es un equipo virtual de trabajo y cómo se relacionan estos equipos virtuales con las organizaciones. Se brindará una clasificación y se describirán características inherentes a los equipos virtuales. Se mencionarán los factores críticos de éxito para una correcta gestión de Equipos Virtuales de Trabajo, con individuos que trabajan geográficamente dispersos. Conceptos que abarcan no sólo a proyectos de tecnología, sino en general.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Virtuelles Team ; Definition
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 111
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este artículo pretende aportar conocimiento sobre uno de los grandes problemas que trae aparejado un liderazgo carismático: la sucesión del líder. El caso de estudio es el de Eva Perón, un tipo particular de liderazgo que compartió en forma simultánea con Juan D. Perón. El trabajo también analiza el rol político de quien fuera elegida para intentar reemplazarla, Delia Degliuomini de Parodi. / This article aims to provide knowledge about charismatic leadership and dilemmas that arise with succession to the disappearance of their leader. The case study is about Eva Peron, a particular kind of leadership because it was a double charismatic leadership and shared with President Juan D. Peron. It also discusses the political role of who was chosen to replace her, Delia Degliuomini de Parodi.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Regierungschef ; Charisma ; Führungswechsel ; Zeitgeschichte ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 112
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Tradicionalmente el PIB había sido el indicador utilizado para medir el nivel de actividad, el desarrollo global de la sociedad, el progreso y el bienestar. Pero nuevas demandas han ido surgiendo en el siglo XXI y el PIB ya no puede medirlas y tampoco orientar las políticas para su logro. Han comenzado a plantearse impensadas preguntas del tipo '¿Los gobiernos deben orientar sus políticas hacia el crecimiento o hacia la felicidad?'. Con el objetivo explícito de lograr un indicador que pudiera superar las limitaciones señaladas surgió la organización Social Progress Imperative que orientó sus primeros esfuerzos a la elaboración de un Social Progress Index que se esperaba fuera utilizado para 'informar e influir sobre las políticas e instituciones en todo el mundo'. Se ha señalado que este indicador estaría fuertemente relacionado con el problema de la felicidad. Pero también se han ido elaborando indicadores más específicos de la felicidad y se sostiene que los mismos constituyen medidas adecuadas del progreso social. Probablemente el más reconocido sea el Gross National Happiness Index publicado anualmente a partir de 2012 en el World Happiness Report. Estos indicadores son analizados en el presente trabajo para períodos recientes con particular referencia al caso argentino. ECONOMIC GROWTH, SOCIAL PROGRESS AND HAPPINESS SUMMARY Traditionally GDP had been the indicator used to measure the level of activity, the overall development of society, progress and welfare. But new demands have been emerging in the 21st century and GDP can no longer measure them nor guide policies for their achievement. Unthinkable questions such as "Should governments orient their policies toward growth or toward happiness?" have arisen. With the explicit aim of achieving an indicator that could overcome the above mentioned limitations, the Social Progress Imperative Organization, directed its first efforts towards the elaboration of a Social Progress Index that was expected to be used to "inform and influence policies and institutions all over the world". It has been pointed out that this indicator would be strongly related to the problem of happiness. But more specific indicators of happiness have also been developed and it is argued that they are also adequate measures of social progress. Probably the most recognized is the Gross National Happiness Index published annually since 2012 in the World Happiness Report. These indicators are analyzed in the present paper for recent periods with particular reference to the Argentine case.
    Description: Traditionally GDP had been the indicator used to measure the level of activity, the overall development of society, progress and welfare. But new demands have been emerging in the 21st century and GDP can no longer measure them nor guide policies for their achievement. Unthinkable questions such as "Should governments orient their policies toward growth or toward happiness?" have arisen. With the explicit aim of achieving an indicator that could overcome the above mentioned limitations, the Social Progress Imperative Organization, directed its first efforts towards the elaboration of a Social Progress Index that was expected to be used to "inform and influence policies and institutions all over the world". It has been pointed out that this indicator would be strongly related to the problem of happiness. But more specific indicators of happiness have also been developed and it is argued that they are also adequate measures of social progress. Probably the most recognized is the Gross National Happiness Index published annually since 2012 in the World Happiness Report. These indicators are analyzed in the present paper for recent periods with particular reference to the Argentine case.
    Keywords: A13 ; I31 ; ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Wirtschaftsindikator ; Sozialer Indikator ; Glücksforschung ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 113
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El objetivo del presente trabajo es realizar un análisis comparativo entre la metodología comúnmente utilizada por los agentes del mercado local en lo referido a la estimación de Curvas de Rendimiento Cupón Cero (también conocidas como Estructuras Temporales de Tasa de Interés o ETTI), mediante la metodología de estimación de líneas de tendencias logarítmicas respecto a las YTM (Yield to Maturity) o TIR (Tasa Interna de Retorno) de un grupo o conjunto de títulos que comparten ciertas características y el desarrollo metodológico de Curvas de Rendimiento Cupón Cero mediante la implementación de un modelo paramétrico denominado Nelson y Siegel (NS)[1]. En los siguientes capítulos se abordarán ambas metodologías presentándose las ventajas y desventajas de cada una y sus ámbitos de aplicación. Para esto se tomarán los títulos públicos ajustados por CER a modo de ejemplo práctico dado que éstos presentan una estructura de cash flows compleja. El resultado del presente trabajo empírico arroja evidencias ampliamente favorables hacia la implementación del modelo paramétrico de NS. Esta conclusión se fundamenta tanto en las propiedades intrínsecas de la metodología de NS como en las desventajas de la utilización de YTM para extrapolar directamente una curva de rendimientos y, fundamentalmente, en los resultados obtenidos entre la diferencia (error) obtenida entre los precios estimados o teóricos por cada metodología y los precios de mercado.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Zero-Bond ; Rendite ; Zinsstruktur ; Schätztheorie ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 114
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We analyze the relationship between the economic growth rate and a rule of law indicator in Mexican states during the period 2006-2013. Specifically, we employ information regarding the time it takes to solve commercial disputes in local courts, which we use as a proxy variable to measure the efficiency of the justice system. In principle, we expect that the shorter the time it takes to resolve commercial disputes, the higher the growth rates will be in the states where the firms are located. The results suggest that a 100-day decrease in the average time it takes to resolve a commercial dispute is associated with an increase of 0.6 percent in the growth rate of state per capita GDP.
    Keywords: O43 ; O47 ; ddc:330 ; Economic Growth ; Justice System ; Regional Economies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 115
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ökonomen ; Veranstaltung ; Wirtschaftshochschule ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 116
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 117
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: En la actualidad el uso de Generics está ampliamente difundido y le otorga a la programación un alto grado de reusabilidad y control. En particular cuando se menciona Generics, la reusabilidad y control se da sobre los tipos que deseamos que utilicen nuestras clases, estructuras e interfaces. El uso de genéricos y colecciones genéricas tienden a mejorar el rendimiento, debido a que suele evitar el proceso de boxing y unboxing tan costoso en términos de procesamiento. El concepto "genéricos o generics" es aplicable a clases, interfaces, métodos, delegados y parámetros. Esto implica que gran parte del código puede verse potenciado por esta característica.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 118
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bankenkrise ; Stresstest ; Private Banking ; Simulation ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 119
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftslage ; Subprime-Krise ; Wirtschaftspolitik ; Meinung ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 120
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ökonomen ; Ökonomische Ideengeschichte ; Außenwirtschaftstheorie ; Großbritannien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 121
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El presente trabajo posee por objetivo analizar las decisiones de inversión adoptadas por las principales empresas participantes del mercado petrolero argentino en función de las políticas de derechos de exportación y precios internos del petróleo instrumentadas desde el año 2003, y cómo los flujos destinados a inversión pudieron haber afectado los niveles de producción de petróleo en la Argentina. Para ello se estudió la información proveniente de los estados contables correspondientes a treinta empresas participantes de la industria petrolera argentina, que en su conjunto representan más del 80% del tamaño de la industria petrolera local, en especial la referida a flujos de fondos destinados a inversión y variaciones en los activos fijos. Fue posible observar que la regulación de los precios internos mediante la instrumentación de derechos de exportación causó en forma simultánea un deterioro en la rentabilidad de las empresas pertenecientes a la industria petrolera. En forma simultánea, los derechos de exportación instrumentados entre los años 2004 y 2015 generaron una importante brecha de precios respecto de los valores internacionales del petróleo. La persistencia de dicha brecha de precios y de rentabilidad en el tiempo habría incidido en las decisiones de inversión realizadas en el segmento petrolero argentino, observándose una caída en los niveles de inversión y en los activos fijos productivos destinados a dicha actividad. Ello condujo a una reducción en la capacidad de producción de las empresas petroleras, lo cual generó para la Argentina la pérdida de la capacidad de autoabastecimiento de petróleo y combustibles.
    Description: The present paper analyzes the investment decisions made by the main companies participating in the Argentine oil market, based on the export taxes and domestic oil prices policies implemented since 2003, and how the cash flows destined for investment may have affected the oil production in Argentina. For this purpose, the financial statements corresponding to thirty participating companies of the Argentine oil industry (which together represent more than 80% of the size of the local oil industry) were studied, specially the information related to flows of funds destined to investment and changes in fixed assets. It was possible to observe that the regulation of domestic prices through the instrumentation of export taxes simultaneously caused a deterioration in the profitability of companies belonging to the oil industry. Simultaneously, the export taxes implemented between 2004 and 2015 generated a significant price gap with respect to international oil values. The persistence of this price and profitability gap over time would have affected the investment decisions made in the Argentine oil segment, with a drop on investment rates and fixed assets for that activity. This led to a reduction in the production capacity of the oil companies, which generated for Argentina the loss of the capacity of self-sufficiency of oil.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 122
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wehrtechnik ; Entscheidung ; Militärische Intervention ; USA
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 123
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 124
    Publication Date: 2018-11-29
    Description: En el presente estudio sobre la movilización de recursos domésticos para el desarrollo social se analiza el sector de la salud en Nicaragua desde 1972 hasta 2015. Se examinan las variaciones en las políticas que afectan el sector salud y su financiamiento, el papel de las instituciones, la fuerza de las ideas nacionales e internacionales, y la influencia de la sociedad civil y del sector privado. Estos elementos se retoman para el análisis de diferentes periodos de gobierno: la dictadura de Somoza (1972–1979), una década de revolución (1979–1989), un período de políticas neoliberales (1990–2006), y finalmente una etapa de modelo híbrido que incorpora elementos de las dos etapas anteriores (2007–2015). El estudio examina los diferentes períodos y analiza con más detenimiento el período actual bajo el gobierno de Ortega. Los hallazgos son que a través del tiempo se observa una mejoría en la salud y en los servicios ofrecidos por el estado y el sector privado, y que ello en buena parte se debe a que el gasto social ha aumentado en la medida que la economía del país ha crecido y que las fuentes de financiamiento - con limitaciones presupuestarias por políticas macroeconómicas de control de déficit fiscal - se han diversificado. En cuanto al diseño de las políticas e instituciones de salud, en general ha prevalecido un modelo de salud curativo, aunque hubo períodos en que se enfatizó lo preventivo. Las razones por las que se obvia lo preventivo tienen que ver con el clima político-partidario en unos casos y el interés económico en otros casos. Entre los mayores desafíos en el sistema de salud en Nicaragua se encuentra la tarea de generar información fiable y democratizarla, lo que es más posible en el contexto actual de revolución tecnológica. Es la llave para poder optimizar la priorización de las inversiones, además de generar el mayor nivel posible de transparencia para poder maximizar la asignación de recursos propios y la obtención de recursos externos. De la misma manera la generación de información de calidad juega un papel esencial para mejorar la articulación entre diferentes sectores, y para una mayor participación de la población en el cuidado de su propia salud. Realizando esta tarea y los procesos relacionados a ella promete contribuir a la salud de la población y a que las instituciones sean cada vez más fuertes e inclusivas.
    Description: Preparad o para el proyecto de UNRISD sobre las políticas de movilización de recursos domésticos para el desarrollo social
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 125
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: This paper analyzes Bolivian Global Value Chains (GVC) for 2002, 2005 and 2011, using the Vertical Specialization Index (EV) of Hummels et al. (2001) and the measure of Upstreamness of Antràs y Chor (2011) (cited by Antràs et al., 2012b). Indicators show that trade patterns are represented by a concentration of raw materials, which have also taken advantage from those derived from GVC; while manufacturing sectors have been less important in this dynamic, and they even lost their relevance over time.
    Keywords: C02 ; F01 ; F14 ; ddc:330 ; Global Value Chains ; fragmentation indicators ; Bolivia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 126
    Publication Date: 2018-08-23
    Description: Propósito – La presente investigación examina la existencia de memoria de largo plazo por medio del cálculo del coeficiente de Hurst y Hurst ajustado, y del análisis de características de estructuras caóticas en la serie del mercado bursátil de Chile, específicamente a través del Índice de Precios Selectivo de Acciones. Diseño/metodología/enfoque – Se desarrolló un breve análisis del mercado, según la metodología de Box y Jenkings. La validez de los resultados se realizó por medio de la prueba propuesta por Brock, Dechert y Scheinkman. En segundo lugar, se procedió a analizar la dinámica y patrones del índice y de su rendimiento, para observar si existía evidencia de memoria de largo plazo. Hallazgos – Los resultados demuestran la presencia de esta memoria en el mercado bursátil chileno, determinado a través del índice accionario en dos escalas, diaria y trimestral, lo que además corrobora resultados obtenidos por otros autores, confirmando el uso de la metodología de Rango Re-escaldo para la identificación y determinación de memoria de largo plazo en una serie temporal. Originalidad/valor – Este estudio permitirá a futuros investigadores realizar análisis similares en otros mercados, aportando un nuevo enfoque al analizar la memoria de la largo plazo y los factores que inciden en ella.
    Keywords: G14 ; ddc:330 ; Exponente de Hurst ; Índice bursátil ; Mercados eficientes ; Mercados fractales
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 127
    Publication Date: 2018-08-23
    Description: Propósito – Los call centers generan estrés y ausentismo en el personal y la literatura sugiere que el liderazgo orientado a la gente es el tipo adecuado de supervisión para tal situación. Este estudio comparó sus efectos versus los de otros tipos de liderazgo. Metodología – Datos de ausentismo de 379 representantes de servicios al cliente de un call center peruano fueron analizados y los representantes respondieron a un cuestionario sobre el Marco de Valores en Competencia y sus cuatro tipos de liderazgo. Turnos diurnos y nocturnos de trabajo fueron comparados. Resultados – Se observó que el ausentismo declina con el liderazgo orientado a la gente, aunque solo en el turno diurno, y la adición de liderazgos orientados al cambio, los resultados y el control resta validez a los modelos. Limitaciones/implicancias – Futuros estudios deberán abarcar el desempeño del trabajador. Los hallazgos sugieren una necesidad de volver a poner el foco teórico en las contingencias ambientales que afectan la eficacia del liderazgo. Originalidad/valor – Teóricos del liderazgo se preguntarán en qué circunstancias es efectivo el liderazgo múltiple. Gerentes de call centers apreciarán el valor organizacional del liderazgo orientado a la gente en el primer nivel de supervisión.
    Keywords: L83 ; ddc:330 ; Call center ; Gerencia de Recursos Humanos ; Liderazgo orientado a la gente ; Marco de valores en competencia ; Teoría y comportamiento organizacional
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 128
    Publication Date: 2018-08-23
    Description: Propósito – En el artículo se presenta una síntesis del impacto sobre la producción y el empleo generado por la realización de un megaevento deportivo en la ciudad de Cali, Colombia. Diseño/metodología/enfoque – El impacto se estima a través de los efectos sistemáticos producidos por las actividades de inversión/gasto de los agentes identificados y los consecuentes efectos multiplicadores capturados a partir de un modelo insumo-producto. Hallazgos – La realización de los Juegos Mundiales significó un nuevo flujo de ingreso monetario a la ciudad de Cali, de $101.036 millones de pesos (=53,4 millones de dólares) y se generaron 9.598 puestos de trabajo (=7.711 empleos de tiempo completo). Adicionalmente, se atrajo a la ciudad a 2.174 turistas internacionales y 11.250 turistas nacionales. Originalidad/valor – El artículo aporta aspectos innovadores metodológicamente útiles para futuros estudios de impacto económico en ciudades poco turísticas situadas en países en vías desarrollo.
    Keywords: C67 ; L83 ; ddc:330 ; Cali ; Colombia ; Impacto económico ; Los Juegos Mundiales ; Megaeventos deportivos
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 129
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Toronto: The Bichler & Nitzan Archives
    Publication Date: 2018-01-08
    Description: SPANISH ABSTRACT: La mayoría de las explicaciones de las alzas y bajas del mercado de valores se basan en la comparación de la lógica “fundamental” subyacente de la economía con los factores exógenos que supuestamente la distorsionan. Este artículo presenta un modelo radicalmente distinto, y examina el mercado de valores desde la perspectiva del poder capitalizado y no desde el punto de vista de una economía distorsionada. El modelo demuestra que la valoración de acciones representa poder capitalizado, que el poder capitalizado está entrelazado al temor sistémico, y que estos dos elementos son mediados por el sabotaje estratégico. Este modelo triangular ofrece una base para examinar los límites del poder capitalizado y su relación con la transformación histórica y actual del modo de poder capitalista.
    Description: Translated from the English by Alberto Supelano.
    Description: ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Most explanations of stock market booms and busts are based on contrasting the underlying ‘fundamental’ logic of the economy with the exogenous, non-economic factors that presumably distort it. Our paper offers a radically different model, examining the stock market not from the mechanical viewpoint of a distorted economy, but from the dialectical perspective of capitalized power. The model demonstrates that (1) the valuation of equities represents capitalized power; (2) capitalized power is dialectically intertwined with systemic fear; and (3) systemic fear and capitalized power are mediated through strategic sabotage. This triangular model, we posit, can offer a basis for examining the asymptotes, or limits, of capitalized power and the ways in which these asymptotes relate to the historical and ongoing transformation of the capitalist mode of power.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; capital as power ; crisis ; mismatch thesis ; stock market ; strategic sabotage ; systemic fear ; valuation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 130
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Este estudio examina de manera empírica el efecto que tiene una mejora en las condiciones de la gobernabilidad en la gestión del riesgo sobre las pérdidas humanas ante la ocurrencia de un desastre. Para medir la gobernabilidad en la gestión del riesgo de desastres (GGRD), este análisis se fundamenta en el Índice de Gobernabilidad y de Políticas Públicas (iGOPP), desarrollado por el Banco Inter-Americano de Desarrollo, que caracteriza el desarrollo normativo, institucional y presupuestal sobre gestión de riesgo de desastres de un país. Utilizando modelos econométricos de datos de recuento con efectos fijos por año y país en un panel de datos de 15 países de América Latina y el Caribe para el periodo 1980-2014, este análisis demuestra que una mejora en la gobernabilidad de gestión del riesgo conlleva a una reducción significativa en la probabilidad de sufrir pérdidas humanas causadas por desastres naturales. Específicamente, un punto adicional en el iGOPP está asociado con una reducción entre 3 y 9% del total de fatalidades causadas por desastres naturales de gran magnitud. Los resultados sugieren que la creación de condiciones para mejorar la gobernabilidad en la gestión del riesgo es un elemento crucial no solo para revertir el impacto negativo de las causas subyacentes de vulnerabilidad social, como las deficiencias en el Sistema económico y una débil capacidad institucional, sino también para contrarrestar el efecto de presiones dinámicas como la rápida urbanización, degradación ambiental e ineficiencias de los mercados.
    Keywords: Q1 ; Q54 ; Q58 ; ddc:330 ; desastres naturales ; gestión del riesgo ; gobernabilidad ; América Latina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 131
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 132
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Keywords: D73 ; D78 ; L52 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 133
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: This paper discusses theoretical and practical issues related to long-term care (LTC) services in Latin America. Demand for these services will rise as the region undergoes a swift demographic transition from its currently young population to a rapidly aging one, especially since the region's aging cohorts are more prone to experience a decline in their functional and physical abilities than elderly people elsewhere in the world. We argue that private insurance markets are ill-equipped to provide coverage to meet the need for LTC, while the amount of personal savings required to afford self-insurance is prohibitively high. We study how developed economies have dealt with the issue of LTC and pay special attention to the most salient features of their LTC programs. We then direct the discussion to Latin America, where LTC may not be an immediate priority, but governments are likely to encourage the development of LTC programs as demand for them steadily grows. In particular, policymakers are probably going to focus initially on LTC programs for the poor and the vulnerable, for whom LTC affordability is a greater problem. We therefore study how basic elements of policy design affect costeffectiveness of LTC programs by means of a formal model. Our study shows that propoor programs are more cost effective when people have the option to receive cash subsidies, and the availability of in-kind and in-cash choices reduces program costs overall. We argue that our findings are natural starting points to start thinking about LTC program development in the region.
    Keywords: J14 ; N36 ; ddc:330 ; long-term care ; long-term care insurance ; population aging ; Latin America
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 134
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Keywords: D73 ; D78 ; L52 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 135
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 136
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Un sistema de transporte público urbano eficiente contribuye con mejorar la calidad de vida de sus usuarios, a la vez que fomenta el crecimiento y desarrollo económico local. Es por eso que la Quinta Reunión de la Red de Transporte del Diálogo Regional de Política del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, llevada a cabo en octubre de 2015, tuvo como objetivo presentar y discutir las mejores prácticas internacionales sobre los modelos de fondeo y financiamiento disponibles para la construcción de infraestructura para servicios de transporte público urbano, así como para la dotación de equipamiento para su operación. Este documento se presenta como seguimiento de la Quinta Reunión de la Red de Transporte. Su objetivo es documentar las mejores practices internacionales en materia de fondeo y financiamiento para el transporte público urbano. Para lograr lo anterior, se muestra una primera distinción entre el fondeo y el financiamiento de la infraestructura y cómo se vincula este debate con estrategias fiscales que pueden llevar a un mayor impulso de los sistemas de transporte a nivel local. Posteriormente, se analizan algunas de las opciones de fondeo desde la óptica local y la importancia de los recursos propios como instrumento para detonar la inversión, así como los esquemas de apoyo a nivel nacional para favorecer el desarrollo de los sistemas de transporte urbano. El documento continúa con una discusión sobre el financiamiento privado de los proyectos, lo que incluye una comparación entre los mecanismos crediticios disponibles según sus características (la calificación de crédito aceptada, los costos del capital, la duración del crédito, las condiciones de los préstamos y los costos de transacción). Además, se aborda el tema de las Asociaciones Público Privadas (APP) como mecanismo para incrementar el financiamiento para el transporte urbano, incluyendo sus ventajas y riesgos. Más adelante, el documento presenta los instrumentos de financiamiento internacional, mediante los Bancos Multilaterales de Desarrollo (BMD), incluyendo las opciones para el financiamiento climático. También se muestran algunos mecanismos de recuperación de plusvalías que permiten incrementar el financiamiento para transporte urbano gracias al impacto positivo en los valores del suelo que trae consigo este tipo de proyectos. Por último, se discuten algunos de los factores que facilitan o inhiben la ejecución de proyectos de transporte público urbano, incluyendo las barreras que enfrentan los gobiernos locales y los mecanismos de coordinación necesarios para su mplementación. El documento concluye con una serie de recomendaciones que, partiendo de los diferentes elementos de las finanzas públicas (ingreso, gasto y deuda), así como de la importancia de la participación del sector privado para el desarrollo del sector, pretenden establecer orientaciones generales para el adecuado financiamiento de los sistemas de transporte público urbano en la región.
    Keywords: R40 ; R42 ; R48 ; ddc:330 ; Transporte ; Financiamiento ; Fondeo ; infraestructura
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 137
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Muchos hogares pobres en los países en desarrollo enfrentan problemas de liquidez. Como resultado, es probable que inviertan menos de lo necesario en el capital humano de sus niños. Utilizando datos de Ecuador, proporcionamos nueva evidencia sobre los efectos de largo plazo (10 años) de las transferencias monetarias. Nuestro análisis se basa en dos fuentes de datos diferentes y en dos estrategias de identificación. Primero, extendemos los resultados de un experimento que asignó aleatoriamente niños menores de 6 años a grupos de tratamiento “temprano” o “tardío”. Aunque el grupo de tratamiento temprano recibió el doble de transferencias totales, no enconramos diferencias entre los niños de ambos grupos en términos de su rendimiento en una variedad de pruebas. Segundo, utilizamos un diseño de regression discontinua aprovechando el uso de un “índice de pobreza” para determinar la elegibilidad para las transferencias. Nos enfocamos en niños que se encontraban justo por encima y justo por debajo del umbral de elegibilidad cuando estaban al final de la infancia y comparamos su rendimiento escolar y su estatus laboral 10 años más tarde. Las transferencias aumentaron la finalización de la escuela secundaria, pero los efectos son pequeños: entre 1 y 2 puntos porcentuales de una tasa contrafactual de finalización escolar del 75 por ciento. Concluimos que cualquier efecto de las transferencias monetarias en la transmisión intergeneracional de la pobreza en Ecuador será apenas modesto.
    Description: Many poor households in developing countries are liquidity-constrained. As a result, they may under-invest in the human capital of their children. We provide new evidence on the long-term (10-year) effects of cash transfers using data from Ecuador. Our analysis is based on two separate sources of data and two identification strategies. First, we extend the results from an experiment that randomly assigned children under the age of 6 years to early or late treatment groups. Although the early treatment group received twice as much in total transfers, we find no difference between children in the two groups on performance on a large number of tests. Second, we use a regression discontinuity design exploiting the fact that a poverty index was used to determine eligibility for transfers. We focus on children who were just-eligible and just-ineligible for transfers when they were in late childhood, and compare their school attainment and work status 10 years later. Transfers increased secondary school completion, but the effects are small, between 1 and 2 percentage points from a counterfactual school completion rate of 75 percent. We conclude that any effect of cash transfers on the inter-generational transmission of poverty in Ecuador is likely to be modest.
    Keywords: I38 ; ddc:330 ; Transferencias monetarias condicionadas ; pobreza ; impactos de largo término ; Ecuador ; Bono de Desarrollo Humano ; Familienleistungsausgleich ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Kinder ; Bildungsverhalten ; Ecuador
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 138
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Keywords: H21 ; H26 ; H83 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 139
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: Este estudio presenta evidencia empírica sobre los determinantes de la adopción de certificaciones internacionales de calidad (ISO) y sus efectos sobre el desempeño de las empresas argentinas en los años 2006 y 2010. Los resultados indican que las firmas exportadoras, extranjeras y de mayor tamaño en términos de empleados presentan mayor nivel de adopción, mientras que aquellas empresas que tienen problemas de acceso al financiamiento tienen una adopción menor. Por otro lado, la obtención de certificaciones tiene un efecto positivo en la probabilidad de exportar y el monto exportado, y, además, genera una reducción en la restricción al crédito de las empresas. Sin embargo, no se encuentra ningún efecto sobre ventas locales ni sobre distintas medidas de productividad de las firmas. Estos hallazgos sustentan la hipótesis de que mediante la señalización de calidad las certificaciones permiten resolver principalmente un problema de información asimétrica con respecto a clients externos e instituciones de crédito.
    Keywords: D22 ; D24 ; D82 ; L15 ; L25 ; ddc:330 ; Argentina ; asimetrías de información ; certificación internacional ; datos de panel ; evaluación de impacto ; señalización de calidad ; Standard ; International ; Einführung ; Unternehmenserfolg ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 140
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: El desarrollo en la primera infancia predice lo que serán los resultados en la escolaridad y el mercado laboral en la edad adulta. En este documento usamos una estrategia de identificación de efectos fijos para evaluar el modo en que las diferencias en la calidad de los jardines de cuidado infantil afectan la comunicación, la motricidad fina y las destrezas en resolución de problemas de los niños menores de tres años. Demostramos que los niños logran resultados en su desarrollo significativamente mejores cuando han tenido en las aulas cuidadores más experimentados y cuidadores capaces de ofrecer interacciones de mayor calidad a los niños. Existe una heterogeneidad considerable en los efectos de la calidad del cuidador sobre el desarrollo infantil. Por lo general, los padres no pueden observar, o no valoran, la calidad del cuidado.
    Description: Development in early childhood predicts schooling and labor market outcomes in adulthood. In this paper we use a fixed effects identification strategy to assess how differences in the quality of child care affect the communication, fine motor, and problem solving skills of infants and toddlers. We show that children have significantly better development outcomes in classrooms with more experienced caregivers, and classrooms with caregivers who demonstrate higher-quality interactions with children. There is substantial heterogeneity in the effects of caregiver quality on child development. Parents either cannot observe, or do not value, the quality of care.
    Keywords: I00 ; I10 ; I20 ; I25 ; I30 ; I38 ; J13 ; ddc:330 ; centros de cuidado infantil ; calidad ; desarrollo infantil ; CLASS ; ASQ ; Kinderbetreuungseinrichtung ; Kinderbetreuung ; Pädagogik ; Bewertung ; Peru
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 141
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
    Publication Date: 2018-02-06
    Description: This paper analyzes the impact of a cluster tourism policy in the region of Colonia, Uruguay. The policy was implemented as part of an IDB-supported program. The study conducted a comparative analysis of Colonia vs. other tourism regions of the country applying a synthetic control method. This method of identifying the counterfactual is especially useful in comparative case studies where there are a limited number of control units. This is the first time that the synthetic control method has been applied to a cluster policy. The estimations show a positive impact of the cluster program on the inflow of international tourists to Colonia of 30 percent in the period 2008-2015; however, no significant impact on total expenditure was found.
    Keywords: D73 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 142
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 143
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Keywords: F3 ; F31 ; D4 ; D44 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 144
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Description: The achievement of gender equality in the labor market is not only a desirable goal by itself, but by its effects on growth and welfare. Based on such acknowledgement, this research quantifies the effects of gender gaps in employment, participation, occupational segregation and labor income, over monetary poverty in urban Bolivia. For this purpose, it is proposed to use the non-parametric microsimulation strategy in order to generate free gender gaps scenarios. Based on the comparison of poverty indicators observed and simulated with this strategy, it is evident that from 2006 to 2015 gender inequality in participation and labor income implied costs on the welfare of the society.
    Keywords: C14 ; D31 ; I32 ; J7 ; J16 ; ddc:330 ; Gender gaps ; Poverty ; Labor market ; Microsimulation Techniques
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 145
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2018-03-29
    Description: Migration has been a difficult phenomenon to measure because of its volatile characteristics and the number of models that explain the essential incentives of the process. In Bolivia there are few quantitative studies of international migratory movements, however, there are records that reflect a great socioeconomic impact by the migratory decisions. Throughout the document it describes that Bolivia has a negative migratory balance and that the profiles of the migrants have certain variable characteristics in the time. Generally, the search for accumulation of wealth, better living conditions, access to better education, better remuneration for productivity, among others, are sufficiently valid incentives to migrate to another developed country. The paper measures the impact of international migration on inequality of Bolivian wealth through the use of a dynamic general stochastic model DSGE with heterogeneous agents, specifying Argentina as the foreign economy because it is the country that holds most of the Bolivian people.
    Keywords: D31 ; D59 ; D52 ; J11 ; J61 ; R23 ; ddc:330 ; International Migration ; Migration Profile ; Migration Flows ; Stochastic Dynamic General Equilibrium Model ; Heterogeneous Agents ; Inequality of Wealth ; Labor Productivity
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 146
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Madrid: Asociación Espanola de Ciencia Política y de la Administración
    Publication Date: 2019-03-13
    Description: Este trabajo examina el proceso de incorporación de las democracias latinoamericanas a la base de datos del Manifesto Project –desde 2009 llamado Manifesto Research on Political Representation (MARPOR)–. Se discuten las implicaciones teóricas y conceptuales del estudio del funcionamiento de las cadenas de delegación en regímenes presidenciales empleando el enfoque de este proyecto. Particularmente, se analiza el significado de los programas electorales en sistemas parlamentarios y presidenciales. Asimismo, se explica la revisión del esquema de clasificación estándar y otros ajustes en la metodología de MARPOR introducidos con anterioridad a esta extensión. Finalmente, se comparte el protocolo seguido para recabar programas de partidos y candidatos en América Latina.
    Description: This piece of research examines the inclusion of Latin American democracies into the Manifesto Project´s database –named Manifesto Research on Political Representation (MARPOR) since 2009–. It addresses some theoretical and conceptual implications related to the study of the functioning of delegation chains in presidential regimes from MARPOR´s perspective. Particularly, it is here analyzed the meaning of electoral programs in parliamentary and presidential systems. Besides, it is explained the revision of the standard classification scheme and other adjustments introduced to the methodology prior to this extension. Lastly, the protocol applied for gathering Latin-American parties and candidates’ manifestos is shared.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Manifesto Project ; MARPOR ; Latin America ; presidential regimes
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 147
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: In this research are analyzed, from the perspective of the diseconomies of agglomeration, the effects of environmental pollution in related diseases in the Metropolitan Zone of the Valley of Mexico (ZMVM). Spatial econometrics is used to verify the increasing effects of air pollution on the spatial distribution of deaths in the ZMVM in 2010. The results obtained allow to establish that there is a positive and significant spatial relationship of the pollutant emissions PM10, PM2.5, SO2, CO, NOx, COT and COV in the number of deaths in the ZMVM, especially in ischemic heart diseases. Also, the evidence obtained shows that in acute myocardial infarctions there is no direct relationship with air pollutants.
    Keywords: C13 ; D63 ; E32 ; Q51 ; I10 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 148
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: This paper investigates the impact of external price shocks on private consumption and investment and the sources of fluctuations in these variables, in the case of Argentina, employing structural VEC models (Structural Vector Error Correction) and quarterly data, covering the period 1993Q1-2017Q1. To that end, short and long-terms restrictions are imposed and five structural shocks are identified: terms of trade, consumption, investment, real exchange rate and unemployment rates. The results show, that both consumption and investment, respond positively and permanently to the external price shocks and are influenced positively each other: investment has a positive effect on private consumption and total consumption impacts on investment positively. A real exchange rate depreciated would have a negative effect on private consumption and investment, in the short term.
    Keywords: C3 ; F41 ; ddc:330 ; terms of trade ; consumption ; investment ; SVEC models ; Argentina
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 149
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The aim of this paper is to analyze and highlight the structure and functioning of shadow banks as institutions that played a key role in the 2008 financial crisis, which may contribute to identify financial risks in the future. The interrelated growth of shadow banks through their balance sheets is the process that is identified as a mechanism of financial feedback that is transformed into financial fragility and endogenous Minsky-type finance. Shadow banks are the channel of transmission of international financial fragility and not the securitization and the instruments that emerged from this process (CDO, synthetic CDO and CDS) as has been argued. Shadow banks trade and create market for these instruments at the international level, so that the origin and prevention of the international financial crisis can take a broader and better explanation.
    Keywords: E12 ; G23 ; F34 ; C4 ; ddc:330 ; Shadow banks ; International financial fragility ; International financial crisis ; Securitization ; Synthetic instruments ; Graphos ; Granger causality
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 150
    Publication Date: 2019-03-22
    Description: In this paper, we discuss the management of monetary policy of the Latin American central banks that have fully established inflation targeting. An optimal monetary rule is estimated for these economies using the Generalized Method of Moments. This analysis allows us to conclude that these central banks have taken into account the economic growth, in addition to price stability. However, only Chile has taken into account the evolution of the exchange rate. Furthermore, Chile, Brazil and Peru have followed an asymmetric behavior, while Colombia and Mexico have adopted a linear monetary policy rule.
    Keywords: E52 ; E43 ; E51 ; E58 ; ddc:330 ; Central Bank ; inflation ; monetary rules ; asymmetries
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 151
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía
    Publication Date: 2019-03-22
    Description: We analyze the effects of macroeconomic fluctuations, as well as episodes of financial instability and inflation, on inequality indicators in Chile for the period 1960-2014. The relationship between episodes of crisis and fluctuations on levels of inequality are estimated from an event study, finding that they are related to fluctuations in inequality. In addition, we perform econometric estimates where inequality indicators relate to different macroeconomic variables and educational performance. The main conclusions are that banking and inflation crises, as well as periods of severe cyclical contractions, tend to increase the levels of inequality in Chile.
    Keywords: E30 ; I30 ; D31 ; ddc:330 ; Economic crisis ; inequality ; income distribution
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 152
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía
    Publication Date: 2019-03-22
    Description: This paper looks for empirical evidence to show if a very interventionist government stimulates or not private investment in Latin America. Using the same model as Caballero-Urdiales y López-Gallardo (2012), we extend their analysis from five Latin-American countries to all Latin America. The results from our estimated elasticities show evidence in support of three hypothesis: (1) that tax burden (taxes on income and consumption) has significant effects on privateinvestment; (2) that public investment has a crowding out effect with private investment; (3) and that in order to stimulate private investment, the government should have very little intervention.
    Keywords: F21 ; H24 ; H25 ; H54 ; ddc:330 ; Private investment ; gross domestic produc ; public investment ; income tax ; value added tax
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 153
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: In the present study, we propose a standardization of indicators based on the Linear Scaling Technique (LST) that is called "interval LST". Traditional methods have certain limitations in terms of robustness, capability to analyze time series, loss of original variability for data and capability to generate ordinal scales for representing levels - low, medium, and high - of the social phenomenon to be studied. This technique manages to overcome these limitations through two stages: 1) establishing intermediate levels of correspondence through an inter-subjective consensus among specialists, and 2) the linear standardization among the reference values. The proposed method represents a double advance. On the one hand, it allows us to build partial indices (one for each dimension of a concept) that meet all the required conditions. On the other hand, the method can generate a comparable ordinal scale between the various components that are available to be added by any other particular method that preserves such a condition. To illustrate these advantages, we present an exercise of modification which is applied to three social well-being indicators using data from Argentina. However, the method can be applied to the standardization of other theoretical concepts.
    Keywords: C10 ; C43 ; ddc:330 ; standardization ; synthetic indices ; social well-being
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 154
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the cooperative ``jigsaw'' method on generic competence-based training by university students. This specifically sought to understand how systemic, instrumental and interpersonal competences are more easily acquired by adopting ``jigsaw'' in the teaching-learning procedure. The results reveal that this cooperative learning method makes the development of systemic and instrumental competences easier to a greater extent than interpersonal ones. Meta-reflection or progressive rote learning achieved a highest score among systemic competences. Focusing our attention on the instrumental dimension, peer interaction, students' communication skills, participation, resolution of peer conflicts and direct instruction, these competences sty out from the rest. Finally, responsibility was the easiest competence in the interpersonal dimension.
    Keywords: A22 ; M11 ; ddc:330 ; cooperative learning ; generic competences ; "jigsaw" ; high-level education ; descriptive statistics
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 155
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Keywords: C10 ; J46 ; O17 ; ddc:330 ; informal labor ; structuralism ; institutionalism ; theory of informal labor ; labor market segmentation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 156
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The issue of gender violence has an important historic and social dimension. The social development of the last decades has allowed us to overcome the old male patriarchal order, but the woman continues to suffer a subordinate and submissive position towards the man in many situations of daily life, violence being a habitual expression of this relation of inferiority. Thus, public intervention becomes an essential support in the evaluation of this problem because it defines the political measures necessary to achieve a more egalitarian society that results in a higher level of well-being. The main objective of this work is to analyze the resources of the Spanish Public Administration in relation to gender violence as well as its effectiveness. The public measures analyzed show that, despite the great advances in the development of effective social policies, there is still a long way to go in the fight against gender violence.
    Keywords: B54 ; D63 ; H75 ; ddc:330 ; gender violence ; social exclusion ; gender inequality ; public policies ; public intervention
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 157
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Geneva: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-29
    Description: El presente documento analiza la movilización de recursos domésticos para el desarrollo social desde la perspectiva de los gobiernos municipales en Bolivia. Luego de dos décadas de descentralización y seis años de autonomías, las brechas sociales entre municipios siguen siendo profundas y se explican, en parte, por la debilidad de la gestión pública, falta de incentivos para obtener recursos propios y desarticulación de la gestión local en la provisión de servicios públicos. A pesar del aumento de excedentes de recursos naturales desde mediados de los años 2000 que propiciaron un incremento de las transferencias intergubernamentales, los gobiernos municipales aún no se consolidaron y todavía se observan deficiencias en el modelo fiscal-financiero para atender necesidades del desarrollo local.
    Description: Preparado para el proyecto de UNRISD sobre Las políticas de movilización de recursos domésticos para el desarrollo social
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 158
    Publication Date: 2018-12-20
    Description: This paper offers a review of the theory published on crowdsourcing tools from de point of view of the concept's adoption by researchers. Crowdsourcing is a concept that includes many of the online collaboration activities performed by crowds in response to an open call. The paper offers a perspective on the incremental amount of publications already available as an indicator of the level of such adoption, given that the adoption process in general takes time because there has to be a critical mass of ideas conformed by experts. This paper includes a review on the theoretical concepts related to crowdsourcing and technological adoption. Systematic search has been done and the obtained information is included. Finally some conclusions are delivered.
    Keywords: O32 ; O33 ; ddc:650 ; Crowdsourcing ; Social media ; Technological adoption ; Open innovation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 159
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: In this work, we propose an integer linear programming model for production scheduling of a group of finished products with independent demand. The model for the master production scheduling (MPS) is designed by considering production and inventory costs, as well as the productive process constraints regarding installations and production times. The aim of the proposed model is the minimization of the costs involved; specifically, undertime and overtime costs of resources, as well as the consideration of a minimum service level related to the deferred demand. The validation of the model considers data belonging to the demand of each product in a 12-week planning horizon and compares five scenarios in which some characteristics of the system and different service levels are modified. Finally, the results obtained for each one of the scenarios expose the improvement obtained by the proposed model with regard to the current procedure in the studied company.
    Keywords: C61 ; L00 ; ddc:330 ; production planning ; master production scheduling (MPS) ; integer linear programming ; chemical industry
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 160
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: It is known that, when in the linear regression model there is a high degree of multicollinearity, the results obtained by using the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) method are unstable. As a solution to this situation, in this paper we present the raised method, the ridge method and the orthogonal variables method as an alternative to the estimate by OLS. It is also shown that regression with orthogonal variables makes sense regardless of the existence of serious multicollinearity because it allows to answer questions which are not accessible when using the original model. These methodologies are applied to a data set of yields of treasury bills.
    Keywords: C13 ; C21 ; ddc:330 ; regression models ; multicollinearity ; raised regression ; ridge regression ; regression with orthogonal variables
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 161
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Keywords: I21 ; C02 ; ddc:330 ; education economics ; higher education ; qualitative comparative analysis ; European higher education area
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 162
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Keywords: F23 ; M16 ; M12 ; ddc:330 ; export commitment ; SMEs ; neural networks ; financing resources ; manegerial
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 163
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This article presents new estimations of the distance in international business between Colombia and 57 countries in Europe, America, Asia, Africa and Oceania. The concept of distance that we use transcends the institutional level and incorporates both institutional aspects and those that have not yet been considered in the literature such as labor market, business practice and innovation. In this way, we build a holistic distance index and discuss the results for the specific case of Colombia. Thus, from the construction of a synthetic index of distance, we calculated the distances between Colombia and the countries of the sample using the Mahalanobis distance in the dimensions analyzed here. Our results show that although there is progress in the globalization of international business between Colombia and the countries of the sample there are still restrictions faced by Colombian companies that are interested in entering these markets seeking to benefit from the free trade agreements.
    Keywords: C23 ; D22 ; J25 ; ddc:330 ; holistic distance ; factor analysis ; kernel density ; international business
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 164
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This paper introduces the use of graphs in the analysis of the determinants of tourists' expenditure, providing an alternative approach to the methods usually employed. Graph-based analysis is applied to study the behavior of cruise passengers arriving at the ports of Montevideo and Punta del Este in Uruguay. The graphical representation allows to synthesize and visualize the relationships between the set of variables that characterize tourists or tourist groups and the determinants of their level of spending. The graph-based methodology is particularly suitable to represent the dependency relationships among variables (between adjacent nodes) and conditional independence (between non-adjacent nodes). For the empirical application, individual data from the surveys of cruise passengers corresponding to the cruise season between November 2014 and April 2015 in Uruguay are considered. The existence of dependencies between spending variables and other variables that may be of interest (sociodemographic, contextual, etc.) is studied. The exercise shows that the variables that better explain visitors' behavior are linked to the port of disembarkation and the expenditure. The results also show that socioeconomic variables are not directly linked to spending.
    Keywords: C19 ; C21 ; D12 ; L83 ; ddc:330 ; graph-based models ; tourists' expenditure ; cruise ; Uruguay
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish