ab initio calculations
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The structures of H2X—Y—XH2 compounds (X = B, Al; Y = O, S) have been studied by means of ab initio calculations at the MP4/6-311 G**/MP2/6-311G** level. The potential energy surface (PES) of the aluminoxane species H2Al—O—AlH2 is rather flat: the energy differences between the various located extrema are less than 1.5 kcal mol-1, and this shows that the observed geometrical preference is not due to electronic factors. For the sulfur analogues H2X—S—XH2 (X = B, Al), three minima are located on the PES: a planar C2v structure, a Cs structure in which one hydrogen atom bridges the two X atoms, and a C2v structure with two bridging hydrogen atoms. For H2Al—S—AlH2, the Cs structure is the most stable, and the planar C2v and the dibridged structures lie 3.2 and 6.7 kcal mol-1 higher, respectively. Qualitatively similar results are obtained for H2B—S—BH2: the Cs and planar C2v structures are nearly isoenergetic, and the dibridged minimum lies 19.4 kcal mol-1 above the planar C2v minimum. These results are rationalized by analyzing the ability of these systems to bend, depending on the nature (oxygen or sulfur) of the central Y atom. The conjugation in these species is also discussed, and calculations on model systems H2X—YH (X = B, Al; Y = O, S) are presented.
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