Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
With annual incorporation of straw, soil N mineralization is expected to increase whereby requirements for fertilizer N inputs may be reduced. Samples of whole soil, clay (〈 2 μm), silt (2–20 μm) and sand (20–2000 μm) sized organomineral separates from three soils with annual additions of straw ranging from 0 to 12 t ha–1 were leached after 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks of incubation at 20°C, to determine the content of NH4 + NO3. A three-pool model using first order kinetics and fixed rate constants (N1, k1 = 0.231 day–1; N2, k2 = 0.00693 day–1; N3, k3 = 0) was fitted to the mineralization data.The mineralizability of whole soil N (mg N g–1 N) differed among soil types. Straw generally increased the fast N1 and the passive N3 pool while the medium-term N2 pool was reduced in size. The N1, N2 and N3 averaged 0.8, 2.6 and 96.6% of the whole soil N, respectively.The N mineralizability increased in the order: sand 〈 silt 〈 clay. The lability of N in a given size separate was almost similar across soil types and straw managements. The active N pools (N1 + N2) averaged 7.1% of the clay N and 2.2% of the silt N. The main difference was related to the N2 pool, which accounted for 5.5% in clay and 1.2% in silt.Mineral N produced during incubation ranged from 63 to 105 kg N ha–1. Effects of straw disposal were small (〈 11 kg N ha–1). Maximum response was at 4 t straw ha–1; adding more straw diminished mineralization of N.Long-term annual incorporation of cereal straw contributes mainly soil N with a slow turnover.
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