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  • method of multiple scales  (4)
  • perturbation methods  (4)
  • 1990-1994  (8)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 3 (1992), S. 225-243 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear oscillations ; chaos ; escape ; perturbation methods
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The paper is devoted to the study of common features in regular and strange behavior of the three classic dissipative softening type driven oscillators: (a) twin-well potential system, (b) single-well potential unsymmetric system and (c) single-well potential symmetric system. Computer simulations are followed by analytical approximations. It is shown that the mathematical techniques and physical concepts related to the theory of nonlinear oscillations are very useful in predicting bifurcations from regular, periodic responses to cross-well chaotic motions or to escape phenomena. The approximate analysis of periodic, resonant solutions and of period doubling or symmetry breaking instabilities in the Hill's type variational equation provides us with closed-form algebraic simple formulae; that is, the relationship between critical system parameter values, for which strange phenomena can be expected.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 3 (1992), S. 261-271 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Scaling behavior ; coupled nonlinear oscillator ; method of multiple scales ; Duffing equation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The scaling of the solution of coupled conservative weakly nonlinear oscillators is demonstrated and analyzed through evaluating the normal modes and their bifurcation with an equivalent linearization technique and calculating the general solutions with a method of multiple seales. The scaling law for coupled Duffing oscillators is that the coupling intensity should be proportional to the total energy of the system.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear vibration of a beam ; three mode interaction ; mid-plane stretching ; method of multiple scales
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract An analysis is presented for the primary resonance of a clamped-hinged beam, which occurs when the frequency of excitation is near one of the natural frequencies,ωn . Three mode interaction (ω2 ≈ 3ω1 and ω3 ≈ ω1 + 2ω2) is considered and its influence on the response is studied. The case of two mode interaction (ω2 ≈ 3ω1) is also considered to compare it with the case of three mode interaction. The straight beam experiencing mid-plane stretching is governed by a nonlinear partial differential equation. By using Galerkin's method the governing equation is reduced to a system of nonautonomous ordinary differential equations. The method of multiple scales is applied to solve the system. Steady-state responses and their stability are examined. Results of numerical investigations show that there exists no significant difference between both modal interactions' influences on the responses.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 1 (1990), S. 401-420 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Chaos ; perturbation methods ; elliptic functions ; differential equations
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract We investigate the system $$\ddot x - x\cos \varepsilon 1 + x^3 = 0$$ in which ε≪1 by using averaging and elliptie functions. It is shown that this system is applicable to the dynamics of the familiar rotating-plane pendulum. The slow foreing permits us to envision an ‘instantancous phase portrait’ in the $$x - \dot x$$ phase plane which exhibits a center at the origin when cos ε1≤0 and a saddle and associated double homoclinic loop separatrix when cos ɛ 1 〉 0. The chaos in this problem is related to the question of on which side (left (=L) or right (=R)) of the reappearing double homoclinic loop separatrix a motion finds itself. We show that the sequence of L's and R's exhibits sensitive dependence on initial conditions by using a simplified model which assumes that motions cross the instantancous separatrix instantancously. We also present an improved model which ‘patches’ a separatrix boundary layer onto the averaging model. The predictions of both models are compared with the results of numerical integration.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 3 (1992), S. 347-364 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear vibrations ; normal modes ; perturbation methods ; bifurcations
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract In this work we investigate the existence, stability and bifurcation of periodic motions in an unforced conservative two degree of freedom system. The system models the nonlinear vibrations of an elastic rod which can undergo both torsional and bending modes. Using a variety of perturbation techniques in conjunction with the computer algebra system MACSYMA, we obtain approximate expressions for a diversity of periodic motions, including nonlinear normal modes, elliptic orbits and non-local modes. The latter motions, which involve both bending and torsional motions in a 2:1 ratio, correspond to behavior previously observed in experiments by Cusumano.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Beam ; gravity effect ; method of multiple scales ; nonlinear oscillations
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract A critical problem in designing large structures for space applications, such as space stations and parabolic antennas, is the limitation of testing these structures and their substructures on earth. These structures will exhibit very high flexibilities due to the small loads expected to be encountered in orbit. It has been reported in the literature that the gravitational sag effect under dead weight is of extreme importance during ground tests of space-station structural components [1–4]. An investigation of a horizontal, pinned-pinned beam with complete axial restraint and undergoing large-amplitude oscillations about the statically deflected position is presented here. This paper presents a solution for the frequency-amplitude relationship of the nonlinear free oscillations of a horizontal, immovable-end beam under the influence of gravity. The governing equation of motion used for the analysis is the Bernoulli-Euler type modified to include the effects of mid-plane stretching and gravity. Boundary conditions are simply supported such that at both ends there is no bending moment and no transverse and axial displacements. These boundary conditions give rise to an initial tension in the statically deflected shape. The displacement function consists of an assumed space mode using a simple sine function and unknown amplitude which is a function of time. This assumption provides for satisfaction of the boundary conditions and leads to an ordinary differential equation which is nonlinear, containing both quadratic and cubic functions of the amplitude. The perturbation method of multiple scales is used to provide an approximate solution for the fundamental frequency-amplitude relationship. Since the beam is initially deflected the small-amplitude fundamental natural frequency always increases relative to the free vibration situation provided in zero gravity. The nonlinear equation provides for interactions between frequency and amplitude in that both hardening and softening effects arise. The coefficient of the quadratic term in the nonlinear equation arises from the static (dead load) portion of the deflection. This quadratic term, depending upon its magnitude, introduces a softening effect that overcomes the hardening term (due to initial axial tension developed by deflection) for large slenderness ratios. For very large slender, immovable-end beams, the fundamental natural frequency is greater than that of beams without axial constraints undergoing small amplitude oscillations. This phenomenon is attributed to the stiffening effect of the statically-induced axial tension. However, the stiffening effect of axial tension in beams with slenderness ratios greater than approximately 392 undergoing large-amplitude symmetric-mode oscillations is overpowered by the presence of gravitational loading.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Slider-crank mechanism ; nonlinear resonance ; dynamic stability ; method of multiple scales
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The transverse vibrations of a flexible connecting rod in an otherwise rigid slider-crank mechanism are considered. An analytical approach using the method of multiple scales is adopted and particular emphasis is placed on nonlinear effects which arise from finite deformations. Several nonlinear resonances and instabilities are investigated, and the influences of important system parameters on these resonances are examined in detail.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear normal modes ; nonlinear resonances ; perturbation methods
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The fundamental and subharmonic resonances of a two degree-of-freedom oscillator with cubic stiffness nonlinearities and linear viscous damping are examined using a multiple-seales averaging analysis. The system is in a ‘1−1’ internal resonance, i.e., it has two equal linearized eigenfrequencies, and it possesses ‘nonlinear normal modes.’ For weak coupling stiffnesses the internal resonance gives rise to a Hamiltonian Pitchfork bifurcation of normal modes which in turn affects the topology of the fundamental and subharmonic resonance curves. It is shown that the number of resonance branches differs before and after the mode bifurcation, and that jump phenomena are possible between forced modes. Some of the steady state solutions were found to be very sensitive to damping: a whole branch of fundamental resonances was eliminated even for small amounts of viscous damping, and subharmonic steady state solutions were shifted by damping to higher frequencies. The analytical results are verified by a numerical integration of the equations of motion, and a discussion of the effects of the mode bifurcation on the dynamics of the system is given.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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