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  • internal resonance  (20)
  • stability  (20)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 1 (1990), S. 91-116 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: internal resonance ; random vibrations ; non-Gaussian closure experiments
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract This paper presents the experimental results of random excitation of a nonlinear two-degree-of-freedom system in the neighborhood of internal resonance. The random signals of the excitation and response coordinates are processed to estimate the mean squares, autocorrelation functions, power spectral densities, and probability density functions. The results are qualitatively compared with those predicted by the Fokker-Planck equation together with a non-Gaussian closure scheme. The effects of system damping ratios, nonlinear coupling parameter, internal detuning ratio, and excitation spectral density level are considered in both studies except the effect of damping ratios is not considered in the experimental investigation. Both studies reveal similar dynamic features such as autoparametric absorber effect and stochastic instability of the coupled system. The experimental results show that the autocorrelation function of the coupled system has the feature of ultra narrow band process and degenerates to a periodic one as the internal detuning departs from the exact internal resonance condition. The measured probability density functions of the response of the main system suggests that the Gaussian representation is sufticient as long as the excitation level is relatively low in the neighborhood of the system internal resonance condition.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Widely separated natural frequencies ; energy transfer ; internal resonance
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract An analytical and experimental investigation into the response of a nonlinear continuous system with widely separated natural frequencies is presented. The system investigated is a thin, slightly curved, isotropic, flexible cantilever beam mounted vertically. In the experiments, for certain vertical harmonic base excitations, we observed that the response consisted of the first, third, and fourth modes. In these cases, the modulation frequency of the amplitudes and phases of the third and fourth modes was equal to the response frequency of the first mode. Subsequently, we developed an analytical model to explain the interactions between the widely separated modes observed in the experiments. We used a three-mode Galerkin projection of the partial-differential equation governing a thin, isotropic, inextensional beam and obtained a sixth-order nonautonomous system of equations by using an unconventional coordinate transformation. In the analytical model, we used experimentally determined damping coefficients. From this nonautonomous system, we obtained a first approximation of the response by using the method of averaging. The analytically predicted responses and bifurcation diagrams show good qualitative agreement with the experimental observations. The current study brings to light a new type of nonlinear motion not reported before in the literature and should be of relevance to many structural and mechanical systems. In this motion, a static response of a low-frequency mode interacts with the dynamic response of two high-frequency modes. This motion loses stability, resulting in oscillations of the low-frequency mode accompanied by a modulation of the amplitudes and phases of the high-frequency modes.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear dynamics ; internal resonance ; parametric vibrations ; quadratic nonlinearities
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract In the study of nonlinear vibrations of planar frames and beams with infinitesimal displacements and strains, the influence of the static displacements resulting from gravity effect and other conservative loads is usually disregarded. This paper discusses the effect of the deformed equilibrium configuration on the nonlinear vibrations through the analysis of two planar structures. Both structures present a two-to-one internal resonance and a primary response of the second mode. The equations of motion are reduced to two degrees of freedom and contain all geometrical and inertial nonlinear terms. These equations are derived by modal superposition with additional subsidiary conditions. In the two cases analyzed, the deformed equilibrium configuration virtually coincides with the undeformed configuration. Also, 2% is the maximum difference presented by the first two lower frequencies. The modes are practically coincident for the deformed and undeformed configurations. Nevertheless, the analysis of the frequency response curves clearly shows that the effect of the deformed equilibrium configuration produces a significant translation along the detuning factor axis. Such effect is even more important in the amplitude response curves. The phenomena represented by these curves may be distinct for the same excitation amplitude.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Self-excited system ; coupled oscillators ; internal resonance ; phase drift
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Free vibration of a two degree of freedom weakly nonlinear oscillator is investigated. The type of nonlinearity considered is symmetric, it involves displacement as well as velocity terms and gives rise to self-excited oscillations in many engineering applications. After presenting the equations of motion in a general form, a perturbation methodology is applied for the case of 1:3 internal resonance. This yields a set of four slow-flow nonlinear equations, governing the amplitudes and phases of approximate motions of the system. It is then shown that these equations possess three distinct types of solutions, corresponding to trivial, single-mode and mixed-mode response of the system. The stability analysis of all these solutions is also performed. Next, numerical results are presented by applying this analysis to a specific practical example. Response diagrams are obtained for various combinations of the system parameters, in an effort to provide a complete picture of the dynamics and understand the transition from conditions of 1:3 internal resonance to non-resonant response. Emphasis is placed on identifying the effect of the linear damping, the frequency detuning and the stiffness nonlinearity parameters. Finally, the predictions of the approximate analysis are confirmed and extended further by direct integration of the averaged equations. This reveals the existence of other regular and irregular motions and illustrates the transition from phase-locked to drift response, which takes place through a Hopf bifurcation and a homoclinic explosion of the averaged equations.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Beam carrying a moving mass ; internal resonance ; kinematic nonlinearities
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The motion of a flexible cantilever beam carrying a moving spring-mass system is investigated. The beam is assumed to be an Euler–Bernouli beam. The motion of the system is described by a set of two nonlinear coupled partial differential equations where the coupling terms have to be evaluated at the position of the mass. The nonlinearities arise due to the coupling between the mass and the beam. Due to the nonlinearities the system exhibits internal resonance which is investigated in this work. The equations of motion are solved numerically using the Rayleigh–Ritz method and an automatic ODE solver. An approximate solution using the perturbation method of multiple scales is also obtained.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 19 (1999), S. 135-158 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: perturbation methods ; higher-order approximations ; dynamical systems ; codimension ; stability
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Higher-order multiple-scale methods for general multiparameter mechanical systems are studied. The role played by the control and imperfection parameters in deriving the perturbative equations is highlighted. The definition of the codimension of the problem, borrowed from the bifurcation theory, is extended to general systems, excited either externally or parametrically. The concept of a reduced dynamical system is then invoked. Different approaches followed in the literature to deal with reconstituted amplitude equations are discussed, both in the search for steady-state solutions and in the analysis of stability. Four classes of methods are considered, based on the consistency or inconsistency of the approach, and on the completeness or incompleteness of the terms retained in the analysis. The four methods are critically compared and general conclusions drawn. Finally, three examples are illustrated to corroborate the findings and to show the quantitative differences between the various approaches.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 19 (1999), S. 173-193 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: fluid conveying pipes ; high-frequency pulsating fluid ; separation of slow and fast motion ; stability ; nonlinear dynamics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract Stability and nonlinear dynamics of two articulated pipes conveying fluid with a high-frequency pulsating component is investigated. The non-autonomous model equations are converted into autonomous equations by approximating the fast excitation terms with slowly varying terms. The downward hanging pipe position will lose stability if the mean flow speed exceeds a certain critical value. Adding a pulsating component to the fluid flow is shown to stabilize the hanging position for high values of the ratio between fluid and pipe-mass, and to marginally destabilize this position for low ratios. An approximate nonlinear solution for small-amplitude flutter oscillations is obtained using a fifth-order multiple scales perturbation method, and large-amplitude oscillations are examined by numerical integration of the autonomous model equations, using a path-following algorithm. The pulsating fluid component is shown to affect the nonlinear behavior of the system, e.g. bifurcation types can change from supercritical to subcritical, creating several coexisting stable solutions and also anti-symmetrical flutter may appear.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 19 (1999), S. 313-332 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: double pendulum system ; double Hopf bifurcation ; stability ; chaos
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract A double pendulum system is studied for analyzing the dynamic behaviour near a critical point characterized by nonsemisimple 1:1 resonance. Based on normal form theory, it is shown that two phase-locked periodic solutions may bifurcate from an initial equilibrium, one of them is unstable and the other may be stable for certain values of parameters. A secondary bifurcation from the stable periodic solution yields a family of quasi-periodic solutions lying on a two-dimensional torus. Further cascading bifurcations from the quasi-periodic motions lead to two chaoses via a period-doubling route. It is shown that all the solutions and chaotic motions are obtained under positive damping.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: three-to-one resonance ; internal resonance ; beam vibrations ; bifurcation ; blue-sky catastrophe
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The nonlinear planar response of a hinged-clamped beam to a principal parametric resonance of either its first or second mode or a combination parametric resonance of the additive type of its first two modes is investigated. The analysis accounts for mid-plane stretching, a static axial load, a restraining spring at one end, and modal damping. The natural frequency of the second mode is approximately three times the natural frequency of the first mode for a range of static axial loads, resulting in a three-to-one internal resonance. The method of multiple scales is used to attack directly the governing nonlinear integral-partial-differential equation and associated boundary conditions and derive three sets of four first-order nonlinear ordinary-differential equations describing the modulation of the amplitudes and phases of the first two modes in the cases of (a) principal parametric resonance of either the first or the second mode, and (b) a combination parametric resonance of the additive type of these modes. Periodic motions and periodically and chaotically modulated motions of the beam are determined by investigating the equilibrium and dynamic solutions of the modulation equations. For the case of principal parametric resonance of the first mode or combination parametric resonance of the additive type, trivial and two-mode solutions are possible, whereas for the case of parametric resonance of the second mode, trivial, single, and two-mode solutions are possible. The trivial and two-mode equilibrium solutions of the modulation equations may undergo either a supercritical or a subcritical Hopf bifurcation, depending on the magnitude of the axial load. For some excitation parameters, we found complex responses including period-doubling bifurcations and blue-sky catastrophes.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: internal resonance ; homoclinic orbits ; Melnikov function
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract In this work we study the existence of Silnikov homoclinicorbits in the averaged equations representing the modal interactionsbetween two modes with zero-to-one internal resonance. The fast mode isparametrically excited near its resonance frequency by a periodicforcing. The slow mode is coupled to the fast mode when the amplitude ofthe fast mode reaches a critical value so that the equilibrium of theslow mode loses stability. Using the analytical solutions of anunperturbed integrable Hamiltonian system, we evaluate a generalizedMelnikov function which measures the separation of the stable and theunstable manifolds of an annulus containing the resonance band of thefast mode. This Melnikov function is used together with the informationof the resonances of the fast mode to predict the region of physicalparameters for the existence of Silnikov homoclinic orbits.
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