Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The uptake of α-, β-, γ-, hexakis-2,6-di-O-methyl-α-(DM-α-), heptakis-2,6-di-O-methyl-β-(DM-β-) and heptakis-2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-β- (TM-β-) cyclodextrins (CD's) by Na-, Ca-, and Cu-montmorillonites has been studied at 25°C. Each of α-, DM-α-, DM-β-, and TM-β-CD's forms a complex with all of these montmorillonites in which the guest molecules are arranged as a monolayer with their open faces parallel to the silicate sheet of montmorillonite. On the other hand, γ-CD is intercalated only by the Na form and β-CD cannot be taken up by any of the clays used. The interlayer spacing of the α-CD complex varies from 18.0 to 21.5 Å with replacement of the interlayer cation, but those of the methylated α-and β-CD complexes remain unchanged, beingca. 21 and 18 Å, respectively. The different behaviour of the parent and methylated CD's is explained in terms of the structural and physicochemical characteristics of the individual CD's and interlayer cations.
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