ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • ab initio calculations  (44)
  • hydrogen bonds  (20)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: chelate ligands ; coordination ; hydrogen bonds ; ligand fields ; polymers ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The 1- and 2-D coordination polymers [Mn{HB(C2H2N3)3}2(H2O)2].4H2O (11) and [Ni{H2B(CHN4)2}2-(NH3)2] (13), respectively, and the chelate complex [Ni{H2B(C2H2N3)2}2(H2O)2] · 2H2O (12) were synthesized and structurally characterized. The compounds contain ambidentate poly(azolyl)borato ligands (azolyl = triazolyl or tetrazolyl), which can chelate or bridge metal centers. The metal-ligand structures in 11-13 differ from the known coordination modes of the poly(azolyl)borates towards other metal centers. We describe how a change in the metal and/or the conditions of crystallization affects the ligand-field stabilization energy and favors one type of nitrogen donor atom over the other for the poly(triazolyl)borato ligands. The crystal structures of 11 and 12 contain additional water of crystallization; this leads to hydrogen-bonded solvent substructures. In the case of the bis(triazolyl)borato ligands. The crystal structures of 11 and 12 contain additional water of crystallization; this leads to hydrogen-bonded solvent substructures. In the case of the bis(tetrazolyl)borato ligand the water substructure is shown to function as a “reinforcing bar” that symmetrizes the metal-ligand grid sheet.
    Additional Material: 13 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: ab initio calculations ; azaenolates ; NMR chemical shifts ; peptides ; Ramachandran maps ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Structures and conformations of the azaenolate lithium salts of amides (formamide, acetamide, and N-methylacetamide) and of the dipeptide model N-formylalaninamide were investigated by means of ab initio MO theory. Four possible structures of the lithiated C-enolates of acetamide were also included in the study. All structures were calculated at the HF/6-31+G(d) and MP2(fc)/6-31 + G(d)/HF/6-31 + G(d) levels; the lithiated azaenolates of formamide were also investigated at higher theoretical levels (up to MP4(fc)/6-311 + G(d,p)/MP2(fc)/6-311 + G(d,p)). For the lithiated azaenolates of all amides investigated, the most stable structure contains a four-membered ring in which the lithium ion is complexed by the oxygen and nitrogen atoms; the substituents attached to the carbon and nitrogen atoms of the azaenolate are in a cis arrangement. The lithiated azaenolates of acetamide are predicted to be more stable than the corresponding C-enolates. To simulate solvation, calculations on complexes of the lithiated azaenolates of formamide with up to three molecules dimethyl ether were also performed, and all azaenolates of amides were also reoptimized by ab initio reaction-field calculations. Both solvation models reduce the preference for lithium-chelated cis structures. The Ramachandran maps of the dilithiated bis(azaenolate) of N-formylalaninamide (having cis or trans arrangements of the azaenolate substituents) were scanned by MNDO calculations for conformational accessible regions. Thirteen stable structures were subsequently optimized at the HF/6-31 + G(d) ab initio level. The global minimum resembles a peptide in C7 conformation, but other conformations, not known for peptides, are close in energy. The structures of dimers of the lithiated azaenolates of N-methylacetamide and of glycinaldehyde were also calculated. The NMR chemical shielding of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen atoms in all structures were predicted ab initio by using the gauge-including atomic orbital (GIAO) method.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: ab initio calculations ; cyclic ylides ; heterocycles ; phosphorus ylides ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A number of possible strategies for the preparation of λ5-phosphetes were tested as follows: cyclopropenium 6 was treated with the lithium salt of diphenylphosphine to give phosphinocyclopropene 7, but 7 did not undergo ring expansion upon photolysis or thermolysis. P-chloro-C—trimethylsilyl-substituted ylide 8b reacted with two equivalents of dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate to afford phosphinine 13 via a transient λ5-phosphete 12. Addition of aluminum trichloride to P-halogenated ylides 17a-b led to dihydrophosphetium salts 19a-b, which, upon treatment with pyridine, isomerized into the 1, 2-dihydrophosphet-2-ium salts 20a-b. Hydrolysis of derivatives 20a-b cleanly afforded phosphoniums 21 a-b, which reacted with NaN(SiMe3)2 to give rise to the corresponding λ5-phosphetes 22a-b. The benzo-λ5-phosphete 22a underwent ring expansion reactions with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate and acetonitrile, leading to benzo-λ5-phosphinine and benzo-1, 4λ5-azaphosphinine in good yields. Derivative 22b was characterized by X-ray crystal structure analysis. Ab initio SCF calculations, IGLO-13C chemical shifts and Δχ for various benzannulated derivatives and phosphorus heterocycles are presented.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: ab initio calculations ; conformation ; microwave spectroscopy ; pyridines ; stereoelectronic effect ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: One single conformer was assigned from the microwave spectrum of 2-(fluoromethyl)pyridine, investigated in the gas phase in the 26.0-39.0 GHz spectral region at about -10°C. Its Cα-F bond was found to be coplanar with the ring and anti to the N-C2 bond (syn to the C2-C3 bond). There was no indication in the microwave spectrum of the presence of other rotameric forms of the molecule.The results of the spectroscopic study were backed up by ab initio calculations at the MP2/6-31 G** (frozen core) level. These calculations predict that the assigned conformer is the only stable form of the molecule. The transition state was calculated to have the CH2F group 180° from the stable anti conformation. The energy of the transition state was computed to be 20.2 kJ mol-1 higher than the energy of the anti rotamer.The results are interpreted in terms of a stereoelectronic effect, and the orbital overlaps responsible for the observed effect are discussed. It is shown that 2-(fluoromethyl)pyridine serves as a good model for 2-(alkoxymethyl)pyridines, previously found to show the same conformational preference.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: ab initio calculations ; conformation ; sigma conjugation ; matrix isolation ; oligosilanes ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Infrared and ultraviolet spectra of the gauche and anti conformers of matrix-isolated permethyl-n-tetrasilane have been obtained separately by taking advantage of thermally induced gauche-to-anti conversion and of wavelength-selective photochemical destruction of either conformer. The resolved UV spectrum of the gauche conformer provides the first piece of experimental evidence in favor of the recently proposed reinterpretation of conformational effects on tetrasilane electronic states. According to this, it is not the energy but the intensity of the lowest singlet excitation that changes dramatically as the SiSiSiSi dihedral angle is varied, as a result of an avoided crossing between s̰s̰* and s̰π* states. Implications for the general understanding of sigma conjugation in simple terms are discussed. Unconstrained MP2/6-31 G* optimization predicts the existence of a third backbone conformer (ortho), with a dihedral angle of about 90°. Its predicted (HF/3-21 G*) mid-IR spectrum is indistinguishable from that of the gauche conformer, and the matrix-isolation spectra thus provide no evidence for or against its presence.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: ab initio calculations ; Henry reaction ; nitroaldol reactions ; reaction mechanisms ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Ab initio calculations (up to MP4SDQ/6-31+G*//MP2(FU)/6-31+G* + δZPVE) on several model nitroaldol (Henry) reactions have been performed. It is found that the free nitronate anions react with aldehydes via transition states in which the nitro and carbonyl dipoles are antiperiplanar to each other. This kind of reaction yields anti (erythro) nitroalcohols as major products. The Henry reaction between lithium nitronates and aldehydes is predicted to occur via cyclic transition structures yielding syn nitroalcohols as major products. The stereocontrol in these model reactions is low. The factors affecting the stereoselectivity in the reaction between dilithiated nitronates and aldehydes are also discussed.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: hydrogen bonds ; molecular recognition ; polyelectrolyte multilayers ; surface chemistry ; thin films ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Functional polyanions were prepared by copolymerization of sulfopropyl acrylate and sulfopropyl methacrylate with monomers bearing triaminopyrimidine or barbituric acid functionalities, respectively. Functionalized polyelectrolyte multilayers were assembled from these copolymers by stepwise alternating adsorption with poly(choline methacrylate). These multilayers are suited for molecular recognition of substrates that are complementary to the functional groups incorporated. Thus, multilayers containing triaminopyrimidine moieties selectively bind barbituric acid, and vice versa, when exposed to solutions of the 1:1 complex of barbituric acid and triaminopyrimidine. The molecular recognition process was monitored by UV/Vis spectroscopy, time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS), and photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Remarkably, after successful recognition and binding of the complementary substrates to the multilayers, the stepwise layering could be continued.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chemistry - A European Journal 3 (1997), S. 237-248 
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: ab initio calculations ; allenes ; ketenes ; matrix isolation ; rearrangements ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Alkoxyvinylketenes4are generated by flash vacuum thermolysis (FVT) or photolysis of 3-alkoxycyclobutenones3. The thermal interconversion of4and allene carboxylic acid esters5under FVT conditions is demonstrated by Ar matrix FTIR spectroscopy. In addition, ethoxy-vinylketene4bundergoes thermal elimination of ethene with formation ofs-cis-ands-trans-acetylketene(8). An analogous aminovinylketene-to-allenecarbox-amide conversion is observed on FVT of 3-dimethylaminocyclobutenone3c. A facile 1, 3-chlorine migration in 2, 3-buta-dienoyl chloride(5d)is also reported. Consistent with the experimental observations, 1, 3-methoxy, 1, 3-chloro, and 1, 3-dimethylamino migrations in vinylketene are calculated (G2(MP2, SVP) level) to have moderate barriers of 169, 157, and 129 kJ mol-1, respectively, significantly less than the corresponding 1, 3-H shift barrier (273 kJ mol-1). The stabilization of the four-center transition structures is rationalized in terms of the donor-acceptor interaction between the lone pair electrons of the migrating donor substituent and the vacant central carbon p orbital of the ketene LUMO. The predicted migratory aptitude in the series of substituted vinylketenes, R-C(=CH2)-CH=C=O, is in the order N(CH3)2〉SCH3〉SH〉Cl〉NH2〉OCH3〉OH〉F〉H〉CH3, and correlates well with the electron-donating ability of the R group.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: bipyridines ; discotic liquid crystals ; hydrogen bonds ; liquid crystals ; mesophases ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A new type of disc-shaped molecule (1 a-c) has been synthesised and characterised. The molecules were built up by linking three lipophilic, N-monoacylated 2,2′-bipyridine-3,3′-diamine wedges to a central 1,3,5-benzenetricarbonyl unit. They show liquid crystalline behaviour, as shown by DSC, polarisation microscopy and X-ray diffraction. In all cases the mesophase was characterised as a Dho phase. From 1H NMR results it was shown that the interior of compounds 1 a-c preferentially adopts a C3 symmetrical conformation owing to strong intramolecular H-bonding, which gives rise to an extended core. This large core induces strong interactions between molecules, leading to mesophases of enhanced thermal stability.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: ab initio calculations ; cyclizations ; cycloketones ; radicals ; ring expansions ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Alk-5-enoyl radicals were made to cyclize in exo and endo modes to give the corresponding cycloketone radicals, which are related through one-carbon ring expansion. Relative kinetic data were determined for the ring closure of the 2-methylhept-5-enoyl radical generated by the reaction of the corresponding phenylseleno ester with Bu3SnH over the temperature range 233-323 K. The conversion to absolute rates provided Arrhenius expressions for the 5-exo-trig and 6-endotrig cyclizations. Ab initio and semiempirical (AM1) calculations were performed on the hex-5-enoyl and hept-5-enoyl radicals, respectively, and the outcomes aided in the rationalization of the preexponential factors and activation energies. Both 1,5-and 1,6-ring closure occur via a lower energy “chairlike” transition state. The observed high regioselectivity is due to favorable entropic and enthalpic factors associated with the formation of the smaller ring. The stereoselectivity was higher in the 1,6-ring closure (70:30) than in the 1,5-ring closure (55:45), the trans isomer being predominant in both. For the onecarbon ring expansion studies, the radicals of interest were obtained by deoxygenation of suitable alcohols via the O-phenyl thiocarbonates with (TMS)3-SiH. The one-carbon ring expansion in the cyclopentanone series for the secondary alkyl radicals was studied over the temperature range 343-413 K by means of free-radical clock methodology and yielded the Arrhenius expression. The rate constant was 4.2 x 103 s-1 at room temperature and the reverse reaction (ring contraction) was found to be at least 10 times slower. Since the intermediacy of acyl radicals can be excluded, the reaction must occur via 3-membered cyclic intermediate radicals (or transition states).
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...