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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 10 (1996), S. 203-220 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear vibrating system ; parametric excitation ; bifurcation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract This paper summarizes the authors' research on local bifurcation theory of nonlinear systems with parametric excitation since 1986. The paper is divided into three parts. The first one is the local bifurcation problem of nonlinear systems with parametric excitation in cases of fundamental harmonic, subharmonic and superharmonic resonance. The second one is the experiment investigation of local bifurcation solutions in nonlinear systems with parametric excitation. The third one is the universal unfolding study of periodic bifurcation solutions in the nonlinear Hill system, where the influence of every physical parameter on the periodic bifurcation solution is discussed in detail and all the results may be applied to engineering.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Nonlinear ; bifurcation ; continuation method ; parametric resonance
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The dynamic behavior of a one-degree-of-freedom, parametrically excited nonlinear system is investigated. The Galerkin method is applied to the principal and fundamental parameteric resonance of the system. The continuation method is used to study the change of harmonic oscillation with respect to the variation of excitation frequency. The numerical stability analysis of the trivial solution is carried out and the stable and unstable regions of the trivial solution are given. They are found to agree with the results obtained by the analytical method of Galerkin. Periodic solutions are traced and the coexistence of multi-periodic solutions is observed With the change of excitation frequency the large amplitude periodic-2 oscillation is found to be in the same closed branch with the small amplitude periodic-2 solution. In addition, the bifurcation pattern of the trivial solution is found to change from subcritical Hopf bifurcation into supercritical Hopf bifurcation with the increase of excitation amplitude. Combined with the conventional numerical integration method, new complex dynamic behavior is detected.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Cables ; active control ; nonlinear oscillations ; bifurcation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The nonlinear oscillations of a controlled suspended elastic cable under in-plane excitation are considered. Active control realized by longitudinal displacement of one support is introduced in order to reduce the transverse in-plane and out-of-plane vibrations. Linear and quadratic enhanced velocity feedback control laws are chosen and their effects on the cable motion are investigated using a two degree-of-freedom model. Perturbation analysis is performed to determine the in-plane steady-state solutions and their stability under an out-of-plane disturbance. The analysis is extended to the bifurcated two-mode steady-state oscillations in the region of parametric excitation. The dependence of the control effectiveness on the system parameters is investigated in the case of the first symmetric mode and the range of oscillation amplitudes in which the proposed control ensures a dissipation of energy is determined. Although control based only on in-plane response quantities is effective in reducing oscillations with a prevailing in-plane component, addition of out-of-plane measures has to be considered when the motion is characterized by two comparable components.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Pendulum ; bifurcation ; pitchfork ; saddle node
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract A pendulum excited by high-frequency horizontal displacement of its pivot point will vibrate with small amplitude about a mean position. The mean value is zero for small excitation amplitudes, but if the excitation is large enough the mean angle can take on non-zero values. This behavior is analyzed using the method of multiple time scales. The change in the mean angle is shown to be the result of a pitchfork bifurcation, or a saddle-node bifurcation if the system is imperfect. Analytical predictions of the mean angle as a function of frequency and amplitude are confirmed by physical experiment and numerical simulation.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Buckling ; bifurcation ; Coulomb damping ; pitchfork bifurcation ; imperfection
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract This paper describes a significant influence of a slight Coulomb damping on buckling, using a simple two rods system. Coulomb damping produces equilibrium regions around the well-known stable and unstable steady states under the pitchfork bifurcation which occurs in the case without Coulomb damping. Also, the stability of the states in the equilibrium regions is examined by using the phase portrait. As a consequence, due to the slight Coulomb damping, it is theoretically clarified that the states in the equilibrium regions are locally stable, even in the neighborhood of the unstable steady states under the pitchfork bifurcation in the case without Coulomb damping, i.e., even in the neighborhood of the unstable trivial steady states in the postbuckling and the unstable nontrivial steady states under the subcritical pitchfork bifurcation. Furthermore, the experimental results are in qualitative agreement with the theoretically predicted phenomena.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: three-to-one resonance ; internal resonance ; beam vibrations ; bifurcation ; blue-sky catastrophe
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The nonlinear planar response of a hinged-clamped beam to a principal parametric resonance of either its first or second mode or a combination parametric resonance of the additive type of its first two modes is investigated. The analysis accounts for mid-plane stretching, a static axial load, a restraining spring at one end, and modal damping. The natural frequency of the second mode is approximately three times the natural frequency of the first mode for a range of static axial loads, resulting in a three-to-one internal resonance. The method of multiple scales is used to attack directly the governing nonlinear integral-partial-differential equation and associated boundary conditions and derive three sets of four first-order nonlinear ordinary-differential equations describing the modulation of the amplitudes and phases of the first two modes in the cases of (a) principal parametric resonance of either the first or the second mode, and (b) a combination parametric resonance of the additive type of these modes. Periodic motions and periodically and chaotically modulated motions of the beam are determined by investigating the equilibrium and dynamic solutions of the modulation equations. For the case of principal parametric resonance of the first mode or combination parametric resonance of the additive type, trivial and two-mode solutions are possible, whereas for the case of parametric resonance of the second mode, trivial, single, and two-mode solutions are possible. The trivial and two-mode equilibrium solutions of the modulation equations may undergo either a supercritical or a subcritical Hopf bifurcation, depending on the magnitude of the axial load. For some excitation parameters, we found complex responses including period-doubling bifurcations and blue-sky catastrophes.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 8 (1995), S. 197-211 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Heave-roll coupling ; parametric excitation ; bifurcation ; instability region
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract A nonlinear model for simulating the heave-roll motions of ships in following waves is presented. The parametric excitation is modeled by a Hill's type equation, instead of the conventional Mathieu's equation. The model includes not only the linear but also the quadratic coupling term. Instability conditions for parametrically excited rolling motions are derived using the harmonic balance method. The results are verified by numerical analyses. The effects of including the quadratic coupling term on the instability conditions and nonlinear responses are studied. The complex dynamic behaviour of the coupled system in the various instability regions is also investigated. Bifurcations of the flip, fold and pitchfork types are observed in the Poincaré mapping of the numerically simulated responses. Chaotic motions leading to boundary crises and inevitable capsize are also reported.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Nonlinear dynamics 12 (1997), S. 129-154 
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Three-to-one resonance ; internal resonance ; beam vibrations ; bifurcation ; crises
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract The nonlinear planar response of a hinged-clamped beam to a primary excitation of either its first mode or its second mode is investigated. The analysis accounts for mid-plane stretching, a static axial load and a restraining spring at one end, and modal damping. For a range of axial loads, the second natural frequency is approximately three times the first natural frequency and hence the first and second modes may interact due to a three-to-one internal resonance. The method of multiple scales is used to attack directly the governing nonlinear partial-differential equation and derive two sets of four first-order nonlinear ordinary-differential equations describing the modulation of the amplitudes and phases of the first two modes in the case of primary resonance of either the first or the second mode. Periodic motions and periodically and chaotically modulated motions of the beam are determined by investigating the equilibrium and dynamic solutions of the modulation equations. For the case of primary resonance of the first mode, only two-mode solutions are possible, whereas for the case of primary resonance of the second mode, single- and two-mode solutions are possible. The two-mode equilibrium solutions of the modulation equations may undergo a supercritical or a subcritical Hopf bifurcation, depending on the magnitude of the axial load. A shooting technique is used to calculate limit cycles of the modulation equations and Floquet theory is used to ascertain their stability. The limit cycles correspond to periodically modulated motions of the beam. The limit cycles are found to undergo cyclic-fold bifurcations and period-doubling bifurcations, leading to chaos. The chaotic attractors may undergo boundary crises, resulting in the destruction of the chaotic attractors and their basins of attraction.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Parametric excitation ; nonlinear systems ; bifurcation ; bifurcation control ; stabilization ; nonlinear control
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract For a parametrically excited Duffing system we propose a bifurcation control method in order to stabilize the trivial steady state in the frequency response and in order to eliminate jump in the force response, by employing a combined linear-plus-nonlinear feedback control. Because the bifurcation of the system is characterized by its modulation equations, we first determine the order of the feedback gain so that the feedback modifies the modulation equations. By theoretically analyzing the modified modulation equations, we show that the unstable region of the trivial steady state can be shifted and the nonlinear character can be changed, by means of the bifurcation control with the above feedback. The shift of the unstable region permits the stabilization of the trivial steady state in the frequency response, and the suppression of the discontinuous bifurcation due to the change of the nonlinear character allows the elimination of the jump in the quasistationary force response. Furthermore, by performing numerical simulations, and by comparing the responses of the uncontrolled system and the controlled one, we clarify that the proposed bifurcation control is available for the stabilization of the trivial steady state in the frequency response and for the reduction of the jump in the nonstationary force response.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1573-269X
    Keywords: Perturbation methods ; stability ; bifurcation ; codimension two ; periodic and quasi-periodic solutions
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Notes: Abstract It is shown that the logical bases of the static perturbation method, which is currently used in static bifurcation analysis, can also be applied to dynamic bifurcations. A two-time version of the Lindstedt–Poincaré Method and the Multiple Scale Method are employed to analyze a bifurcation problem of codimension two. It is found that the Multiple Scale Method furnishes, in a straightforward way, amplitude modulation equations equal to normal form equations available in literature. With a remarkable computational improvement, the description of the central manifold is avoided. The Lindstedt–Poincaré Method can also be employed if only steady-state solutions have to be determined. An application is illustrated for a mechanical system subjected to aerodynamic excitation.
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