Previous research explored the applicability of some devices to lunar borehold testing and, in particular, examined the use of such instruments to assess the strength of soils and rocks. Special attention was given to borehole jacks, which essentially conduct a plate bearing test across opposing wall areas. Analytical work employed finite element analysis, the theory of plasticity, and the theory of elasticity using the complex variable method. A number of solutions were reached for tractable subproblems in the set of problems posed when a jack is used to expand sectors of a borehole. In addition, an investigation with physical models was made to explore the modes of behavior for varying boundary conditions and materials, including both elastic and plastic media.
Lunar Surface Eng. Properties Expt. Definition, Vol. 3; 14 p