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  • M14  (4)
  • R11  (4)
  • ddc:300
  • Caracas: Editorial Nueva Sociedad
  • A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: This article studies the role of technology drivers in catching up at different stages of development. Countries can be at different stages of development when entering in a new catching-up cycle. Thus, the technological drivers of growth [technological capabilities, external spillovers, technological specialization and stability of policies in science and technology] can play different roles to accelerate the rate of growth and change their relative position in the leadership rank (win or lose the run). The empirical results show the building of a 'racing pattern' as countries climb up development stages. At earlier stages, infrastructures and qualification play a major role, while at upper stages, the maintenance of leadership depends on accumlating techno-scientific capabilities to innovate. The article also finds that R&D is crucial at any stage of development, as well as the stability of technology policies.
    Keywords: M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; Database ; business intelligence ; financial information system ; decision making and knowledge base
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: The objectives of this document are two. Firstly, to identify the factors that foster resilience processes in tourist destinations which are vulnerable to natural hazards. The perceptual technical analysis allows us to make a diagnosis of the economic resilience capacity of the tourism sector in Los Cabos. The second objective assesses the economic-business dimension of tourism activity, based on the analysis of economic variables and tourism indicators that respond to the crisis caused by the hurricane. The empirical application was made, taking as a case study, the tourist destination of Los Cabos, Mexico. The multiple regression models of the variables are the basis for this quantitative research. These variables influence the processes of economic resilience in the sun and beach destinations. The results present an analysis of the resilience capacity of the destination regarding variables and factors such as employment, economic reactivation, urban equipment, infrastructure and tourist influx, financial income, investments, the behavior of companies and authorities in the face of natural disasters. The proposed Econometric Model was statistically significant, since the explained variance is 83%; therefore, the results refer that the tourist affluence and hotel infrastructure as well as the post-hurricane variable positively impacts the economic income in the tourist destination, through the multiplying effect of the investments that are generated to enhance the hydrometeorological phenomenon, which leads to greater dynamism in the local economy.
    Keywords: Q26 ; R58 ; R11 ; ddc:330 ; Tourism ; Resilience ; Los Cabos
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: With this document, we want to know the business model of the Microfranchises and how they contribute to the generation of jobs and sustainable income in the low-income population of the Colombian Caribbean region. For this, the state of the art is presented with the concepts of franchise models, microfranchises and their evolution over the years. The results of the review show that even though there is no specific legal regulation, this has not been a problem for the creation of Microfranchises in Colombia. It is also evident that increasing access to financial services for the lower income population is necessary, but not the only ingredient as a solution to poverty, increasing access to scalable business opportunities as an important aspect; Microfranchises as a proven business format provide such access with key characteristics such as self-sustainability, the amount of investment required and the social impact it can generate; in this regard, it is important to continue the work of sensitization of the business model among entrepreneurs, national and international partners and experts in the thematic consultants. Finally, it points out that the methodology used in the study is theoretical, which required review of literature, from which was extracted the conclusions of the authors, not without first considered the context of the Colombian Caribbean coast.
    Keywords: R11 ; M13 ; I30 ; ddc:330 ; Microfranchises ; microcredit ; franchising ; sustainable development ; end of poverty
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The maximization of profit as the main objective of companies is being criticized from different forums, advocating for an economic system in which the achievement of social sustainability will play a leading role. In the banking sector, after the outbreak of the crisis in 2008, financial bailouts that have used public funds to save various entities have provoked a current of opinion about the necessary social role that banking companies must develop. In this article, a case study is carried out analyzing the role of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in ABANCA, the financial institution with the largest presence in Galicia (northwest Spain), which has been rescued with public money, Identifying a series of objectives and actions carried out by said entity. The analyzes carried out show, among others, the importance of trust and transparency, as well as attention to intangibles.
    Keywords: G30 ; G38 ; L21 ; M14 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: The Protocol for Socially Responsible Territory is the result of a local sustainability management experience, which has demonstrated the importance of public administration in social innovation. This article describes the process through which such protocol was obtained, its characteristics and its principles as well as the strengths that this protocol offers. The definition of Socially Responsible Territory (TSR) is presented as a contribution to the theoretical development of a new research area, whose prospects are favored by the potential practical effects on public and corporate alliances locally. This protocol offers competitive advantages to governments who are preparing to seize the opportunities from the Europe 2020 Strategy for Growth.
    Keywords: M14 ; R58 ; R11 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: The study is an endeavor to test the validity of convergence hypothesis in Indian sugar Industry. For inferential purpose, data for 12 major sugar-producing states over the period 1974/75 to 2004/05 has been used. The technical efficiency and scale efficiency scores have been computed using the technique of full cumulative data envelopment analysis (DEA). From the empirical results, an average inefficiency to the tune of 35.55 percent has been observed in Indian sugar industry. The search for sources of technical inefficiency reveals that managerial inefficiency (i.e., pure technical inefficiency) is the dominant source and scale inefficiency is relatively scant source of it. The inference of the existence of catching-up (i.e., efficiency convergence) has been found valid during the pre-reforms period, which disappears during the post-reforms period. Moreover, the reforms process has been observed adversely affected the efficiency trends and thus, failed to exert any positive impact on the efficiency of Indian sugar industry at both national and state levels.
    Keywords: O10 ; O57 ; R11 ; C02 ; C69 ; D24 ; ddc:330 ; Technical Efficiency ; Scale Efficiency ; Convergence ; Indian Sugar Industry
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Corporate social responsibility (CSR) meaning the active and voluntary contribution of firms to enhance welfare, is achieving a greater importance in Business administration as an intangible asset which management generates competitive advantages and promotes sustainable development. This work indentifies similarities between CSR management and Intellectual Capital management, this one meant as those activities which help us to manage the knowledge of the firm. Our aim is that firms understand the importance of considering CSR as a corporate strategy that enhances the value of the organization, and that they become conscious about its efficiency and efficacy.
    Keywords: M12 ; M14 ; M15 ; M48 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
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    Caracas: Editorial Nueva Sociedad
    Publication Date: 2015-12-30
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; Luftreinhaltung ; Umweltpolitik ; Europa
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:bookPart
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2015-12-30
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; Luftreinhaltung ; Umweltpolitik ; Analyse
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:bookPart
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