Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The 13C-NMR chemical shifts of a cellulose with a DPw of 23 dissolved in the NH3/NH4SCN solvent system were found to be very similar to those of cellulose dissolved in DMSO (cellulose oligomers), in the LiCl/DMAC system and in the N-methylmorpholine N-oxide/DMSO system. It was concluded from this that cellulose does not react with the NH3/NH4SCN solvent. It was found, however, that glucose reacts with the solvent at C-1 to form β-D-glucopyranosy-lamine. Separation of this compound from the solvent resulted in another compound which was determined to be β,β-di-D-glucopyranosylamine. The compounds β-D-glucopyranosylamine, N-acetyl-2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranosylamine, β,β-di-D-glucopyranosylamine, α,β-di-D-glucopyranosylamine, 2,3,4,6,2′,3′,4′,6′-octa-O-acetyl-α,β-di-D-glucopyranosylamine were all synthesized and the 13C-NMR chemical shifts of these compounds are reported. It was also found that for the low-DP cellulose sample which was used the reducing end group existed and had reacted with the solvent to form an amine at C-1.
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