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  • O32  (11)
  • Amsterdam: Elsevier  (11)
  • Spanish  (11)
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-20
    Description: This paper offers a review of the theory published on crowdsourcing tools from de point of view of the concept's adoption by researchers. Crowdsourcing is a concept that includes many of the online collaboration activities performed by crowds in response to an open call. The paper offers a perspective on the incremental amount of publications already available as an indicator of the level of such adoption, given that the adoption process in general takes time because there has to be a critical mass of ideas conformed by experts. This paper includes a review on the theoretical concepts related to crowdsourcing and technological adoption. Systematic search has been done and the obtained information is included. Finally some conclusions are delivered.
    Keywords: O32 ; O33 ; ddc:650 ; Crowdsourcing ; Social media ; Technological adoption ; Open innovation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Este trabajo examina la relación entre la presencia de la mujer en los equipos de alta dirección y el éxito de las empresas de alta tecnología en su salida a bolsa. Asimismo, analiza cómo indicadores específicos de capacidad de innovación pueden mediar dicha relación. La investigación empírica de una muestra de empresas biotecnológicas que salieron a bolsa en el mercado de valores estadounidense indica un efecto negativo y significativo de la proporción de mujeres en la dirección ejecutiva, aunque confirma la influencia positiva de los indicadores de innovación que además median y hacen no significativo el efecto de la diversidad de género.
    Description: This paper examines the relationship between the representation of women on top management teams and the success of high-technology firms going public. Also, it analyzes how specific indicators of innovation capability can mediate such a relationship. The empirical research of a sample of dedicated biotechnology firms that completed an initial public offering in the stock market of the United States shows a negative and significant effect of the proportion of female executive managers; however, it demonstrates that the indicators of innovation have a positive influence as well as mediate and cause no significant effect of gender diversity.
    Keywords: J16 ; O32 ; L65 ; G30 ; ddc:650 ; Género ; Alta tecnología ; Mercado de valores ; Capacidad de innovación ; Gender ; High technology ; Stock market ; Innovation capability
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The relationships between different types of cooperation and rivalry and product innovation are examined in this article, differentiating between new and established companies. The hypotheses proposed suggest different patterns of cooperation. For new companies, the most effective types of cooperation are those which can lower costs and reduce risks (small and medium size companies, other new companies, financial bodies and knowledge centres). On the other hand, established companies may benefit more by cooperating with other established companies. Furthermore, the relationship between intense rivalry and product innovation is stronger for established companies than for new ones. The results obtained, using a sample of 3,528 companies in geographical clusters of 32 European countries, confirm the established hypotheses in general terms. These results have interesting implications for research into entrepreneurship, cooperation and competitive dynamics.
    Keywords: L26 ; M13 ; O31 ; O32 ; ddc:330 ; New companies ; Cooperation ; Rivalry ; Innovation ; Cluster
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-01-15
    Description: This article discusses theoretically why companies cooperate in carrying out their R&D, and doing so with several external agents. From a sample of original equipment manufacturers suppliers (OEMS) located in Catalonia, we checked if they incorporated products innovation, research, design, product development phases, and if they collaborated with external agents in doing their R&D, differentiated by property capital (domestic versus foreign) and company size. It was shown that large companies are those who performed R&D in greater proportion, however, and the smaller ones the least. A very small number of firms cooperate with the external agents considered, and they are all large companies.
    Keywords: L62 ; O32 ; M19 ; ddc:650 ; research and development ; suppliers ; automotive ; cooperation ; Catalonia
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-01-15
    Description: The main objective of this research is to contribute to the understanding of innovation capability. Furthermore, it is mainly focused on the way innovation capability is built and developed in practice in two Innovative Technology.Based Companies (ITBC) in the Spanish broadcasting sector. Based on a multiple case study and interviews with managers who are responsible for New Product Development (NPD) projects, a collection of 17 practices is identified and classified in three dimensions: innovation strategy, innovative culture and innovation process structure. This collection of practices has achieved successful results in the new product development projects in the companies studied.
    Keywords: O32 ; ddc:650 ; innovation capability ; dynamic capabilities ; good practices ; case study research ; new product development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The success of the Third Mission of Universities (3MU) depends on the ability of the Universities to adapt to the new digital reality and incorporate the tools that facilitate both knowledge management and its subsequent transfer. The new technologies provide a wide range of possibilities, facilitating both the location of customers, and the distribution of products, the contact networking promotion, interviewing, positioning, etc. This document, besides reviewing briefly some of the concepts related to the 3MU, examines how Web 2.0 and today's digital tools can support and strengthen this work.
    Keywords: O32 ; ddc:330 ; innovation ; knowledge management & transfer ; the third mission of universities ; research & knowledge transfer manager ; Web 2.0.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The present work analyzes the characteristics of the programs that are implanting in the Spanish universities to foment the spin-offs creation, by means of a comparison with the existent in the European universities. The obtained results indicate that the existence of support programs to the spin-offs creation in the Spanish universities is recent and the number of people that you/they are devoted to support this activity is reduced; in consequence, the success that is obtained in the activities of development of the entrepreneurship culture and in the search and detection of ideas, as well as the borrowed support, it is limited.
    Keywords: O32 ; L26 ; ddc:330 ; university entrepreneurship ; technology transfer ; academic spin-offs
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This paper focuses on the issue of knowledge transfer, an important area in knowledge management. The aim of the paper is to identify the people management practices that will be most effective in fostering knowledge sharing. We begin with a theorical analysis to identify the practices that facilitate and encourage this sharing. Also, since innovation is extremely dependent on the availability of knowledge, this article seeks to clarify the role of knowledge transfer in innovation. Through analysis of surveys collected from over 242 human resource managers, this research empirically contrasts the hypothesis raised.
    Keywords: M12 ; O32 ; ddc:330 ; knowledge management ; knowledge transfer ; people management practices ; innovation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This study elaborates a proposal of the main reasons and risks at Information Systems Outsourcing. We try also to evaluate these reasons and risks in the case of the largest Spanish firms and to analyse their temporary evolution. To achieve this objective a questionnaire has been carried out among the Information Systems managers of the largest Spanish firms. Attending to the interviewed, outsourcing reasons are not based merely on the reduction of costs but in strategic reasons while the main risks relapse in the side of the supplier of the services.
    Keywords: M12 ; O32 ; ddc:330 ; information systems ; information technologies ; outsourcing ; reasons ; risks
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This paper analyses, from a Knowledge-based View of the Firm, how companies formulate and implement their knowledge management strategies (KMS). Specifically, we try to explore if certain specific KMS patterns exist as a function of the established objectives, knowledge management tools that are used by the company, and the importance that it is given to certain strategic implementation aspects. Moreover, the study tries to identify particular innovative postures in firms related to the KMS that is developed and the existence of differences in relation to the financial performance achieved by these. A questionnaire was sent to a set of companies from the region of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain) in order to carry out the empirical study. The results of the study show the existence of significant differences in relation to the way that KMS are designed and implemented, as well as divergences in innovative postures and financial performance in these firms.
    Keywords: M19 ; O32 ; ddc:330 ; knowledge management strategies ; innovative posture ; firm performance ; exploratory study
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: Although traditionally the roads used for the transfer of the knowledge generated in the universities have been the publication of the investigation results in scientific magazines and the contracts with the companies, in the last times he/she is expanding the use of other two mechanisms: the concession of licenses and the spin-offs creation. The present work, by means of a revision of the literature, is about identifying the decisive factors of the use of the spin-offs like transfer mechanism. The identified factors are the following ones: the investigator's interest, the existent system of incentives in the university, the characteristics of the exploited technology, the area academic origin of the invention, the characteristics of the industrial sector in which will exploit the technology, the bigger possible profitability to obtain with this transfer mechanism and the characteristics of the units of transfer.
    Keywords: O32 ; L26 ; ddc:330 ; technology transfer ; licenses ; academic spin-offs ; OTT ; university.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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