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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: This article studies the role of technology drivers in catching up at different stages of development. Countries can be at different stages of development when entering in a new catching-up cycle. Thus, the technological drivers of growth [technological capabilities, external spillovers, technological specialization and stability of policies in science and technology] can play different roles to accelerate the rate of growth and change their relative position in the leadership rank (win or lose the run). The empirical results show the building of a 'racing pattern' as countries climb up development stages. At earlier stages, infrastructures and qualification play a major role, while at upper stages, the maintenance of leadership depends on accumlating techno-scientific capabilities to innovate. The article also finds that R&D is crucial at any stage of development, as well as the stability of technology policies.
    Keywords: M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; Database ; business intelligence ; financial information system ; decision making and knowledge base
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: The article presents the results of the interregional analysis of Costa Rica 2011-2016, from the perspective of neo-structuralist economics, based on official sources. The objective is to reflect differences in the socio-economic development of the country, relating them to productive structures, together should promote the development of labor markets through learning processes, and therefore the territories. From the analysis of the regions, it is possible to identify notable differences between the Central Region of the country and the peripheral regions, in social, economic and educational variables. In the peripheral regions, poverty, unemployment and informality increase, as well as the flow of people migrating to the center. In addition, we found higher levels of labor force specialization, and a high concentration of productive activities in the center. All these are situations that must be taken into account from public policies in order to reduce the asymmetries in the development of the Costa Rican territories. For this, the articulation between social, business and institutional actors is of great importance, as is an educational policy that responds to the needs of the territories.
    Keywords: D63 ; H32 ; I32 ; I38 ; L1O15 ; O17 ; O18 ; ddc:330 ; Development of territories ; public politics ; regional asymmetries ; neo-structuralism ; center-periphery relationship
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: The present article aims to analyze the Cartagena de Indias poverty profile and its determinants, which have a direct impact on the probability of a household could be identify as poor or not, through a logistic regression analysis, based on the Logit Binomial model. On the basis of this model, it was necessary to analyze the microeconomic determinants, according to the variables effects related to the household characteristics and the socio - demographic aspects of the head of the household, to know the probability of poverty conditions. This quantitative and analytical approach research is also based on the monetary poverty method in order to identify the poor household, using the Large Integrated Household Survey (GEIH) databases published by the National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE). It is expected that this study contributes to generate knowledge about the topic as well as to provide useful tools in order to design public policies to combat this conditions. Among the main findings, labor variables and household composition are important to explain the poverty impact. The important of the education is also highlighted, because some aspects such as the head of the household's education level and the household schooling rate are relevant elements to be considered in public policies to reduce poverty in Cartagena de Indias.
    Keywords: I32 ; C51 ; C53 ; ddc:330 ; Poverty Analysis ; Determinant Factors ; Logistic Regression
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: The paper search for evidence of poverty traps in different regions of Argentina. The selected methodology is based on the model proposed by Antman and Mckenzie (2005), it suggests a specification for the income's dynamic that allows multiple balances, using the framework of classical growth model. In particular, this paper proposes an extension to that methodology. Using the functional version from Antman and Mckenzie (2005), the result determines the existence of weak poverty traps in 4 of the 6 regions. With the alternative approach, the result wins robustness and gets strong evidence for 4 regions.
    Keywords: C23 ; C81 ; I32 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The maximization of profit as the main objective of companies is being criticized from different forums, advocating for an economic system in which the achievement of social sustainability will play a leading role. In the banking sector, after the outbreak of the crisis in 2008, financial bailouts that have used public funds to save various entities have provoked a current of opinion about the necessary social role that banking companies must develop. In this article, a case study is carried out analyzing the role of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in ABANCA, the financial institution with the largest presence in Galicia (northwest Spain), which has been rescued with public money, Identifying a series of objectives and actions carried out by said entity. The analyzes carried out show, among others, the importance of trust and transparency, as well as attention to intangibles.
    Keywords: G30 ; G38 ; L21 ; M14 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: The Protocol for Socially Responsible Territory is the result of a local sustainability management experience, which has demonstrated the importance of public administration in social innovation. This article describes the process through which such protocol was obtained, its characteristics and its principles as well as the strengths that this protocol offers. The definition of Socially Responsible Territory (TSR) is presented as a contribution to the theoretical development of a new research area, whose prospects are favored by the potential practical effects on public and corporate alliances locally. This protocol offers competitive advantages to governments who are preparing to seize the opportunities from the Europe 2020 Strategy for Growth.
    Keywords: M14 ; R58 ; R11 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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